IB English IV: Quarter 1 Vocabulary Set (just definitions)

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nuance

a subtle distinction, variation or quality in something such as tone or meaning

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litany

a usually lengthy recitation or enumeration of something, such as a set of complaints, names or questions ; it can also be used to refer to a sizeable series or set, which may or may not be spoken aloud, as when a drug has "a litany of possible side effects"

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immutable

not capable of or susceptible to change

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iconoclast

someone who destroys religious images or who opposes their veneration ; it's now used to refer broadly to anyone who attacks widely accepted beliefs or institutions

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epitome

a typical or ideal example and a synonym of embodiment

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riposte

clever retort or retaliatory measure ; in fencing it refers specifically to a quick return thrust immediately following a successful defensive action

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eminently

synonym of very and means "to a high degree"

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adjudicate

a dispute between parties is to make an official design about which party is right, also means "to act as a judge"

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ineffable

used to describe something that is indescribable or unspeakable and that can't be expressed in words ; also used for things which are taboo and aren't to be uttered

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10
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ostentatious

attracting or seeking to attract attention, admiration, or envy ; things that are ostentatious tend to stand out as overly elaborate or conspicuous

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alleviate

to make something less painful, difficult or severe to partially remove/correct

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dilatory

tending or intended to cause delay, tending to procrastinate

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nebulous

indistinct/vague ; something that is related to a nebula

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pathos

refers to some element of an experience or of an artistic representation that evokes compassion or pity (feeling of sympathy)

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validate

to "recognize, establish, or illustrate" its worthiness or legitimacy

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sanction

"to give effective or authoritative approval or consent to" and "to impose a penalty or economically or militarily coercive measures"

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behemoth

something of monstrous size power, or appearance ; Behemoth (usually capitalized) is also the name of a mighty animal described in the biblical book of Job

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inscrutable

not readily investigated, interpreted or understood ; it often describes what is mysterious or difficult to comprehend

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postulate

to assume or claim something (such as an idea or theory as true especially for the purpose of starting a discussion

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culminate

"to reach the highest or a climactic or decisive point" or "to reach the end or final result of something"

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