Chapter 1: Language of A&P

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147 Terms
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a/an-

without

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acro-

extremities

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brady-

slow

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dys-

difficult, painful

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endo-

within

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hyper-

above normal

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hypo-

below normal

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macro-

large

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peri-

around

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tachy-

fast

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epi-

upon or over

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abdomino

abdomen

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angio

vessel

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arthro

joint

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cardio

heart

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cyano

blue

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cyto

cell

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dermo

skin

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erythro

red

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gastro

stomach

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glyco

liver

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histo

tissue

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leuko

white

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mammo

breast

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nephro

kidney

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neuro

nerve

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osteo

bone

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phagia

to swallow

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patho

disease

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rhino

nose

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cephalo

head

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chole

gall bladder

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-algia

pain

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-cyte

cell

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-ectomy

surgical removal

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-gram

recorded record

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-graphy

to record

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-ist

one who specializes

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-ologist

one who studies and specializes

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-itis

inflammation

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-logy

study of

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-sis

condition or disease

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-otomy

cutting into

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-megaly

enlargement

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-pathy

disease

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-plasty

surgical repair

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-penia

decrease or lack of

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micro-

small

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Right Hypochondriac

1

<p>1</p>
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Epigastric

2

<p>2</p>
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Left Hypgastric

3

<p>3</p>
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Right Lumbar

4

<p>4</p>
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Umbilical

5

<p>5</p>
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Left Lumbar

6

<p>6</p>
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Right Iliac

7

<p>7</p>
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Hypogastric

8

<p>8</p>
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Left Iliac

9

<p>9</p>
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Integumentary System

the skin and its appendages. It protects, eliminates waste, and helps regulate body temperature.

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Skelatal System

Made up of bones, joints, and cartalidges. Used to support the body, protect organs, and produces blood cells

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Muscular System

Pumps the heart, helps move materials through the digestive tract, anf moves the body. Made up of cardiac, smooth, and skeletal muscles

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Nervous System

the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells. Includes Brain, Spinal Cord, & Nerves

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Endocrine System

the system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that help to control bodily metabolic activity. Includes hypothalamus, pineal gland, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, thymus gland, adrenal gland, pancreas, ovaries (F), and testis (M)

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Respatory System

Delivers oxygen and removes carbon dioxide from blood. Made up of the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, broncheus, and lungs

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Cardiovascular System

Transports oxygen and nutrients to the body's cells and remove waste product. Made up of the heart and blood vessels

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Lymphatic System

Returns body fluids to the blood stream. Made up of lymph nodes, spleen, and lymphatic vessels

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Digestive System

Breaks down food for absorbtion of nutrients in the body. Made up of oral cavity, esophogus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus

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Urinary System

Removes nitrogen-containing waste from blood. Made up of kidneys, ureter, urinary blatter, and urethra

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Male Reproductive System

Enables production of offspring. Made up of the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, ductus deferens, penis, testis, and scrotum

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Female Reproductive System

Enables production of offspring. Made up of mammary glands, uterine tube, ovary, uterus, and vagina

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Organ System

includes 2+ organs that work together

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Tissues

are made up of similar cells with a common function

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Molecules

atoms combine together in different ways to form larger particles called

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Organ

is a body part organized to perform a specific function and is composed of at least two different types of tissues.

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Homeostasis

is the state of regulated physiological balance

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Homeostatic Mechanisms

Organ systems cooperate to maintain homeostasis through a process called

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Negative Feedback

is a mechanism that reverses a condition that has exceeded the normal homeostatic range and restores homeostasis.

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Positive Feedback

further increases a condition that has exceeded normal homeostatic range.

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Homeostatic Imbalance

is a condition in which there is a decreased ability for the organ systems to maintain the body's internal environment within normal range.

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Metabolism

relates to all chemical reactions within an organism to maintain life

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Receptor

is a transmitter that senses environmental changes

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Effector

is the unit that recieves a command stimulus from the control center and causes an action to help maintain homeostasis

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Atom

is a tiny particle of matter

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Metabolic Rate

is the speed at which your body consumes energy

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Control Center

recieves and analyzes information from sensory receptors, then sends a command stimulus to an effector to maintain homeostasis

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