11.2 RNW FINALS

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Pre-writing, Writing, Revising, Editing, Publishing

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Pre-writing, Writing, Revising, Editing, Publishing

What are the stages of writing in order?

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Pre-writing

Different techniques that help you discover ideas before writing the first draft of a paper

During this stage, you use a variety of strategies to find out things that interest you about a topic or new ways of thinking about it

During this stage, it is important to refrain from critiquing your ideas while they have not yet been fully formed

Key word: Organizing

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topic

The subject or the specific issue that your paper will discuss

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tone

The attitude and feelings you want your writing to reflect toward your purpose, topic, audience, and yourself

Shown through point of view, sentence structure, and word choice

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Purpose, Audience, Tone, Topic

What does PATT stand for?

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Brainstorming or Listing

List and provide as many choices of ideas for your topic as possible

Begin at the top of a sheet of paper and list down everything that coms to your mind as fast as you can for a certain amount of time to produce a logical flow of ideas to provide yourself with as many choices for your topic as possible

no connection

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freewriting

Writing down one's thoughts nonstop, in the exact order, language, and form in that you think them

Uses the force of narration to draw a stream of connected ideas out of the writer's mind

Rules of grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and style do not matter here

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Clustering or Mapping

− Writing a word or phrase at the center encircling it; becomes your main topic.

− each word or phrase you write down is

connected to the word or phrase that

suggested it

− With connection and hierarchy

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thesis statement

The central idea of an essay, around which all other ideas revolve

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purpose for writing

What must a thesis statement reflect?

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working thesis statement

An argument containing your stand and that you intend to prove with evidence in the essay

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Because you may have to adjust your thesis statement depending on your research and writing

Why is it called a working thesis statement?

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go back to your pre-writing, Draft a list of the contents of your essay

How will you know if your thesis statement is too broad or too narrow?

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Because you will be spending the rest of the paper proving your point

Why should a thesis statement be comprehensive yet concise?

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Your attitude toward the topic

What does a thesis statement reveal about you?

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Why the reader should care about your work

What does a good thesis statement show to the reader?

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Avoid making overly-opinionated stands, Avoid making announcements, Avoid stating only facts

What are three things you must avoid when writing a thesis statement?

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Avoid making overly-opinionated stands

Overly-opinionated shows bias

– Be careful not to go to the extremes and write

a thesis statement with an exaggerated claim

– Choose words wisely

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Avoid making announcements

– Specify

– Should show your attitude or the specific ___

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Avoid stating only facts

– ____ are non-debatable

– Some can be debatable but useless when proven; no win, no lose

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A

C for Correct, A for Announcement, O for Opinion, F for Fact:

In this essay, I am going to write about the disadvantages of wearing uniforms:

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O

C for Correct, A for Announcement, O for Opinion, F for Fact:

The President should resign because he is useless.

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C

C for Correct, A for Announcement, O for Opinion, F for Fact:

Schools should continue starting in June instead of August because going to school in the heat of the summer will be unhealthy for students.

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A

C for Correct, A for Announcement, O for Opinion, F for Fact:

This paper will be about the pros and cons of adapting books into movies.

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F

C for Correct, A for Announcement, O for Opinion, F for Fact:

Education is the solution to poverty.

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Outline

A summary that gives the essential features of a text and shows how the parts of a text are related to one another as parts that are of importance, or sections that are subordinate to a main idea

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Reading Outline

Used to get the main ideas of a text that is already written

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Writing outline

A skeletal version of your essay, as a guide to organize your ideas and is usually done before you write the first draft of your essay

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levels

The number of ranks in the hierarchy of information in the reading

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Roman

The main ideas in an outline are written beside _____ numerals

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Capital letters

Supporting ideas each under main idea in a outline are written beside ______ ______ and intended

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Main topics with Roman Numerals

what is the first level?

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Subtopics under the correct main topics

what is the second level?

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Supporting points under the correct subtopics, Illustrations, Examples

What is the third level?

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Particular details and other secondary information under the correct supporting points, Statistics, Quotes

What is the 4th level?

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Scratch outline

A simple list of ideas that take the form of words and phrases

Good for their brevity

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Sentence Outline

  • Uses sentences to define the subject matter

  • Good for their use of specific detail

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Do know the KIND OF PAPER

− What you are being asked to do

− How long it should be

− Looking carefully at the assignment will help

you know what to expect when writing

ex. Position paper, Response Paper, and Summary

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Determine the WRITING SITUATION

− Or the context of your assignment

− Thinking about your purpose and audience

of your paper

− May be changed within the writing process,

but it is important to consider how these will

affect your work

− It will help you filter your ideas to streamline

your writing

Ask the following questions:

To whom are you writing?

What is your teacher asking you to write about?

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Determine your PURPOSE

Reason why you are writing

− You begin to make decisions about form,

content, length, organization, support, and

tone

may be to inform, explain, persuade, or to entertain

Purpose in writing is answered by these questions:

What do you want to accomplish

Why are you sending this message?

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Don’t CRITIQUE your ideas

In this stage your ideas are not fully formed so just let them float on your paper

− Approach this stage with a relaxed and open state of mind

− Communicate with yourself on what you want to communicate with your readers

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Don’t FORGET TO RECOGNIZE your readers/audience

Always know what your readers preferences

− Don’t always think of writing to express, this

is not creative writing

− Your readers will feel more involved in your

writing

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