Chapter 5

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Ionic Bond

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Ionic Bond

atoms held together by electrostatic forces resulting from electrons that are transferred from one atom to another

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2
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Covalent Bond

atoms held together by the sharing of electrons

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3
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Metallic Bond

a "sea of electrons" freely distributed among atoms

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4
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Polar Covalent Bond

atoms held together by an unequal sharing of electrons

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5
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Nonpolar Covalent Bond

equal sharing of electrons

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6
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Dipole Movement

quantitative measure of bond polarity

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7
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Formal Charge

the charge assigned to an atom assuming all the electrons in its bonds are shared equally

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8
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Radical

an atom that has a single (or odd number of) valence electron(s) instead of a lone pair

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9
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Hypervalent

an atom that has more than 8 valence electrons

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10
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Resonance

lewis dot structures with the same connectivity but different distributions of electrons

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11
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Steric Number

the number of "things" attached to a central atom

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12
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Electron Domain Geometry

the arrangement of all electron groups around a central atom, regardless of what kind of groups they are

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13
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Molecular Geometry

the arrangement of all bonding electron groups around a central atom, accounting for the effect of lone pairs

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