Bio Test 2

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five different supergroups

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1

five different supergroups

the most widely accepted formal classification assigns them to

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2

All of these apply

which of the characteristics apply to the supergroup Archaeplastida?

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3

malaria - an amebozoan

which disease is incorrectly matched with the causative agent?

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4

Euglena

______ is a mixotrophic protozoan that is able to combine autotrophic and heterotrophic nutritional modes.

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cyst - a reproductive structure

Which protistan structure is not correctly matched with its function?

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6

Multicellular

which is NOT a feature found in protozoans?

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7

mitochondria and plastids

which organelles serve as the energy centers for most protists?

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8

sporozoan - pellicle

which of the following protists is incorrectly matched with its form of locomotion?

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9

is most commonly asexual by mitosis

Protists reproduction

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10

Spirogyra

This name of the filamentous algae pictured here, belonging to the supergroup Archaeplastida, is

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11

Volvox—filamentous

Which of the following alga is mismatched with its description?

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12

Stoneworts

DNA sequencing suggests that among the green algae, the _____ are most closely related to land plants.

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13

red algae

the members of the supergroup Archaeplastida that have cell walls impregnated with calcium carbonate and help build coral reefs are the

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14

Dinoflagellates

"red rides" are produced by massive blooms of

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15

the presence of a light-trapping pigment

which feature has to be present in a protist in order to classify it as a photoautotroph?

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16

Foraminiferans

The deposits of chalky fossils that build the White Cliffs of Dover were formed by

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17

Plants

the opisthokonts include all of the following organisms EXCEPT

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18

Mixotrophs

which definition would best describe the mode of nutrition of Euglena?

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diplomonads, euglenids and parabasalids

which of the following organisms belong to the supergroup Excavata?

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20

Trichomonas

A flagellated protist that is sexually transmitted is

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21

Eukaryotic cells acquired mitochondria and plastids by engulfing free-living bacteria and developed a symbiotic relationship with them. Mitochondria were derived from aerobic bacterium while chloroplasts were derived from cyanobacterium.

Which description best supports the endosymbiotic theory of organelles?

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22

plasmodial and cellular slime molds

Which of the following organisms belong to the supergroup Amoebozoa?

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23

All of these characteristics distinguish slime molds from fungi.

Slime molds were once classified as fungi. What characteristics of the slime molds distinguish them from fungi?

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24

prokaryotes evolved when an aerobic bacterium engulfed a cyanobacterium.

The endosymbiont hypothesis proposes all of the following EXCEPT

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25

All of these actions would help reduce the potential for human exposure to a "red tide."

If a public health official was trying to reduce the potential for human exposure to a "red tide," which of the following actions would they take?

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26

Giardia lamblia—malaria

Which of the following protozoans is mismatched with the disease that it causes?

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27

All of these scenarios would have a chance of success in preventing malaria from spreading throughout the southern Everglades.

Imagine you are working for the Florida Public Health Department and you have been assigned the task of preventing malaria from spreading throughout the southern Everglades. Which of the following scenarios would have a chance of success?

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28

Entamoeba histolytica.

A common cause of amoebic dysentery is

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ingesting contaminated water or food.

Amoebic dysentery is transmitted by (through)

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mosquito; humans

In Plasmodium, sexual reproduction occurs in the _____, while asexual reproduction occurs in _____.

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31

False

Diatoms share a more recent common ancestor with dinoflagellates than with water molds.

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alveolates & stramenopiles

Based on the evolutionary tree shown, which of the following pairs of protists are most closely related?

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33

True

The term "protist" is used to refer to a eukaryote that is not a plant, animal, or fungus.

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34

False

The reason biologists believe that green algae and land plants, both members of the supergroup Archaeplastida, are related is because both of them possess chlorophyll a and b, as well as cell walls made of starch.

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35

True

It is believed that eukaryotes evolved their mitochondria from a symbiotic relationship with a free-living aerobic bacteria.

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36

True

Brown algae that live along the rocky shores of the north temperate zones are able to withstand pounding tides and drying because of their holdfasts and the water-retaining material in their cell walls.

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37

False

Each time a diatom reproduces sexually, the size of the daughter cells decreases until diatoms are about 30% of their original size. At this point, they begin to reproduce asexually.

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True

Water molds are heterotrophic because they are parasitic on fish, plants, and insects.

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39

True

The 1840s Irish potato famine was caused by a water mold parasite on potatoes.

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40

cup fungus / Glomeromycota

Which of the following fungi/Phylum associations is incorrect?

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41

Chytridiomycota

Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, which reproduces asexually through the production of zoospores, recently destroyed populations of harlequin frogs in Central and South America. It is a member of which phylum of fungi?

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42

False

You are studying a newly discovered fungus and find an area of a hyphae that contains cells with two nuclei. You should classify these cells as diploid.

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43

They are limited to only asexual reproduction.

Which of the following does NOT describe phylum Ascomycota?

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44

True

Which of the following does NOT describe phylum Ascomycota?

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45

True

The current hypothesis about fungal evolution suggests that Basidiomycota and Ascomycota are more closely related than Ascomycota and Glomeromycota.

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46

False

The current hypothesis about fungal evolution suggests that Microsporidia are most distantly related to Neocallimastigomycota.

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47

True

Fungi and animals share a more recent common ancestor than do fungi and plants.

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48

sporangiospores

Which of the following spores is the result of asexual reproduction?

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49

conidia

Which of the following structures are NOT involved in sexual reproduction?

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50

strep throat (pharyngitis)

Fungal diseases include all of the following EXCEPT

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51

The energy reserve of fungi is starch while the energy reserve of animals is glycogen.

In differentiating fungi from plants and animals, which of the following statements is NOT true?

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52

determined by whether the hyphae have cross walls or lack cross walls.

The difference between septate hyphae and aseptate hyphae is

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53

contain paired haploid nuclei that fail to fuse for an extended period of time.

Dikaryotic cells of fungi

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54

heterotrophic & consume preformed organic matter

Which of the following traits are found in both fungi and animals?

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55

hypha

One of the long, branching filaments that collectively make up the mycelium of a fungus is called a(n)

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56

basidiospore

A mushroom would produce a sexual spore known as a(n)

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57

a possible controlled parasitism wherein the fungi withdraw food from the algae and the algae do not benefit from the association

The relationship between the fungi and algae in lichens is best described as

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58

ergot

The parasitic sac fungus that grows on rye and other grains and contains the hallucinogenic chemical lysergic acid is

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59

ascospore

A sexual spore produced by a sac fungus is called a(n)

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60

conidiospore

An asexual spore produced by a sac fungus or club fungus is called a(n)

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61

lichens

The presence of _____ indicates that the air is healthy for humans to breathe.

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62

basidiospores

When the cap of an average gilled mushroom is cut off and placed on paper, a spoke-like print eventually appears on the paper under the cap. This powdery material would be

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63

rusts and smuts.

The fungi that parasitize cereal crops such as corn, wheat, oats, and rye are the

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64

rusts and smuts—truffles

Which is NOT a correct association of a fungus and product?

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65

lichens

Crustose, fruticose, and foliose are varieties of

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66

None are mismatched. They are all correctly matched.

Which of the fungal groups is mismatched with the asexual spore produced?

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67

sac fungi

Species of _____ are known to decompose jet fuel and wall paint.

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68

All of the choices are correct.

Yeasts

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69

A and C are correct. (fungi may enter... and the presence of the fungi...)

Which of the following statements about mycorrhizae is/are true?

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70

truffles.

Mycorrhizal sac fungi that live in association with oak and beech tree roots are

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71

fungal and human cells are so similar that it is difficult to make fungal medications that do not harm human cells.

Fungal infections are difficult to treat because

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72

digitoxin

Poisonous or physiologically active chemicals found in various fungi include all of the following EXCEPT

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73

Molecular data shows a similarity in DNA/RNA base sequences.

Which of the following information provides the strongest evidence to support the evolutionary relatedness between fungi and animals?

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74

The nutrients produced from the photosynthetic cyanobacteria would no longer be available for the fungal cells.

Determine which of the following scenarios would be most likely to occur if the cyanobacteria was removed from a lichen.

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75

False

Fungi are thought to have been the first kind of eukaryotic cells that evolved.

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76

True

The part of a mushroom that we eat is usually the reproductive structure that supports the fruiting body.

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77

False

A normal inhabitant of the vaginal tract that causes "yeast infections" under certain circumstances is Saccharomyces.

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78

True

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi invade plant roots, with many species forming mutualistic associations that benefit both the fungus and the plant.

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79

False

Penicillium is a club fungus that is used to make beer and wine.

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80

The vast majority of fungi are multicellular organisms that are composed of a mycelium as well as individual hyphae. Chitin is a structural carbohydrate that makes up the cell wall of fungi

Which of the following statements most accurately describes the structural components of fungi?

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81

A mycorrhiza is a mutualistic relationship between fungi and the roots of most plants.

Which of the following statements describes mycorrhizae?

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82

False

Mycorrhizae are a mutualistic relationship between fungi and algae in which the algae takes advantage of the fungi.

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83

The ancestor was a flagellated organism that lived in some type of aquatic environment. It was most likely a unicellular protist.

Which statement is the most likely description of the common ancestor that exists between fungi and animals?

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84

saprotrophic

Which of the following traits is NOT found in both fungi and animals?

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85

a - d - b - e - c

What is the correct order of reproduction in members of phylum Zygomycota? a. Hyphae of opposite mating strains touch each other. b. Gametangia merge, nuclei pair and fuse. c. Spores are released from the sporangium. d. Gametangia form at the end of the hyphae. e. A thick wall develops around the zygospore.

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86

a - b - f - c - d - g - e

What is the correct order of reproduction in members of phylum Basidiomycota? a. Cytoplasmic fusion results in a dikaryotic mycelium. b. The mycelium produces basidiocarps. c. Nuclear fusion produces a diploid nucleus. d. Meiosis produces basidiospores. e. Spores germinate into haploid hyphae. f. Basidia develop on the gills of the mushroom. g. Basidiospores are released.

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87

nucleariids

Based upon the current evolutionary tree, which of the following groups would have the closest evolutionary relatedness to the fungi?

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88

pollen cone

Which of the following is a male reproductive structure found in plants?

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89

fern and gymnosperm

Which of the following is a nonvascular plant? Select all that apply.

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90

archegonia.

All of the following structures are associated with lycophytes EXCEPT

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91

waxy cuticle on roots to prevent drying out

Which of the following is NOT an adaptation of plants to life on land?

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92

there was an increased threat from predation by animals.

As plants invaded the land, all of the following were true EXCEPT

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93

charophytes.

Molecular data suggests that land plants evolved from

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94

gametophyte.

In the alternation of generations life cycle of plants, gametes are produced by the

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95

triploid gametes

Which of the following is NOT part of an alternation of generations life cycle?

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96

haploid gametophyte

In the moss life cycle, the _____ is the dominant generation.

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97

are in the same clade and form a monophyletic group.

Molecular data shows that land plants and charophytes

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98

protection of the embryo

Which of the following is a trait that evolved in ALL land plants?

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99

the production of seeds.

A characteristic only shared by angiosperms and gymnosperms is

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100

stomata.

A characteristic of land plants is the presence of small openings, found mostly on the underside of leaves, that allow gas exchange between the plant and its environment. These structures are called

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