The Progressive Era

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18th Amendment

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18th Amendment

Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages

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19th Amendment

Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended suffrage to women in federal or state elections.

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Jim Crow Laws

Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights

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Poll Tax

a tax of a fixed amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote

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Literacy test

A test administered as a precondition for voting, often used to prevent African Americans from exercising their right to vote.

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Plessy v. Ferguson

Supreme Court ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilites were equal

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Progressivism

the political orientation of those who favor progress toward better conditions in government and society

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Muckraker

a journalist who uncovers abuses and corruption in a society

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Settlement house

a center in an underprivileged area that provides community services

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Jane Addams

the founder of Hull House and settlement house movement, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes

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Direct primary

an election where voters directly select the candidates who will run for office

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Initiative

process that permits voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot

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Referendum

The practice of letting voters accept or reject measures proposed by the legislature

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Recall

gave citizens a chance to remove an elected official from office before the person's term ended

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Florence Kelley

reformer who worked to prohibit child labor and to improve conditions for female workers

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Temperance movement

campaign to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages

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Suffrage

the right to vote

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Carrie Chapman Catt

Conservative leader of the NAWSA from 1915 - 1920 and pushed the suffrage movement nation-wide

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NAWSA

National American Woman Suffrage Association; founded in 1890 to help women win the right to vote

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Alice Paul

Radical suffragist supporting protests against President Wilson and formed the National Woman's Party

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NAACP

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to work for racial equality

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Theodore Roosevelt

President who reformed government through the Square Deal

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Meat Inspection Act

1906 - Laid down binding rules for sanitary meat packing and government inspection of meat products crossing state lines.

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Pure Food and Drug Act

the act that prohibited the manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure of falsely labeled food and drugs

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Conservation

The protection of natural resources

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Antitrust Legislation

law intended to promote free competition in the market place by outlawing monopolies

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Reform

To change for the better

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Regulations

The formal instructions that government issues for implementing laws.

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