Forestry CDE Tree ID

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White Ash (Fraxinus americana)

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50 Terms

1

White Ash (Fraxinus americana)

compound, opposite, 5-9 leaflets, U shaped leaf scar, whitish underside on leaves

<p>compound, opposite, 5-9 leaflets, U shaped leaf scar, whitish underside on leaves</p>
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2

Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

Compound, opposite, 5-9 leaflets, D shaped leaf scar, fully green leaves

<p>Compound, opposite, 5-9 leaflets, D shaped leaf scar, fully green leaves</p>
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3

Bigtooth Aspen (Populus grandidentata)

Large teeth, light buds

<p>Large teeth, light buds</p>
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4

Trembling Aspen (Populus tremuloides)

Flattened leaf stalk, small teeth

<p>Flattened leaf stalk, small teeth</p>
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5

American Basswood (Tilia americana)

large leaves, alternate, uneven leaf base (offset heart)

<p>large leaves, alternate, uneven leaf base (offset heart)</p>
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6

American Beech (Fagus grandifolia)

smooth, gray bark relatively short trunk; low branching cigar buds

<p>smooth, gray bark relatively short trunk; low branching cigar buds</p>
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7

Black Birch (Betula lenta)

double tooth fine leaves, strong wintergreen smell

<p>double tooth fine leaves, strong wintergreen smell</p>
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8

Gray Birch (Betula populifolia)

Thin pointed, and triangular leaves; Bark does not easily separate into peeling layers- outer part grayish/white; Tough twigs either brown or gray

<p>Thin pointed, and triangular leaves; Bark does not easily separate into peeling layers- outer part grayish/white; Tough twigs either brown or gray</p>
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9

White Birch (Betula papyrifera)

Thin, papery, peeling white bark

<p>Thin, papery, peeling white bark</p>
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10

Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis)

Amber, silvery-yellow bark that peels off in thin curls

<p>Amber, silvery-yellow bark that peels off in thin curls</p>
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11

Boxelder (Acer negundo)

Pinnately compound deeply toothed leaves, Samara

<p>Pinnately compound deeply toothed leaves, Samara</p>
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12

Catalpa (Catalpa speciosa)

Very large heart-shaped leaves, long legumes

<p>Very large heart-shaped leaves, long legumes</p>
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13

Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)

Rusty hairs on the base of the midrib, distinctive black fruit

<p>Rusty hairs on the base of the midrib, distinctive black fruit</p>
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14

Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)

Large triangle-shaped leaves, deeply furrowed bark, gummy large buds

<p>Large triangle-shaped leaves, deeply furrowed bark, gummy large buds</p>
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15

Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)

Singular, sharp pointy bud at end dark green needles are bottlebrush coming up and out, all similar lengths soft needles thick bark with deep furrows

<p>Singular, sharp pointy bud at end dark green needles are bottlebrush coming up and out, all similar lengths soft needles thick bark with deep furrows</p>
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16

American Elm (Ulmus americana)

Coarsely double-toothed margin, sandpapery leaves

<p>Coarsely double-toothed margin, sandpapery leaves</p>
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17

Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)

Upright cone, white stripe on needle

<p>Upright cone, white stripe on needle</p>
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18

Canadian Hemlock (Tsuga Canadensis)

Flat sprays of needles, small spherical pendant cones, two white stripes on underside of needle

<p>Flat sprays of needles, small spherical pendant cones, two white stripes on underside of needle</p>
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19

Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis)

Alternate compound leaves, mustard yellow buds

<p>Alternate compound leaves, mustard yellow buds</p>
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20

Mockernut Hickory (Carya tomentosa)

Alternate, compound leaves 8-15 inches long Usually 7 leaflets Orange Rusty Hairs on leaves

<p>Alternate, compound leaves 8-15 inches long Usually 7 leaflets Orange Rusty Hairs on leaves</p>
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21

Pignut Hickory (Carya glabra)

Alternate compound leaves 8-12 inches long 5 leaflets Pear shaped fruit

<p>Alternate compound leaves 8-12 inches long 5 leaflets Pear shaped fruit</p>
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22

Shagbark Hickory (Carya ovata)

Alternate, compound 3-5 leaflets Serrated margins Shaggy bark

<p>Alternate, compound 3-5 leaflets Serrated margins Shaggy bark</p>
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23

American Hornbeam/Ironwood (Carpinus caroliniana)

Unique muscly trunk

<p>Unique muscly trunk</p>
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24

Eastern Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana)

Densely toothed margin, cone-like clusters of fruit

<p>Densely toothed margin, cone-like clusters of fruit</p>
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25

Eastern Larch (Larix laricina)

Single cone per shoot of needle clusters, deciduous needles yellow in fall

<p>Single cone per shoot of needle clusters, deciduous needles yellow in fall</p>
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26

Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)

Compound with up to 19 small leaflets Throned twigs and young bark

<p>Compound with up to 19 small leaflets Throned twigs and young bark</p>
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27

Norway Maple (Acer platanoides)

Milky sap when leaves broken, football-shaped fat buds

<p>Milky sap when leaves broken, football-shaped fat buds</p>
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28

Red Maple (Acer rubrum)

Red samara, scaled buds, 3 lobes

<p>Red samara, scaled buds, 3 lobes</p>
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29

Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum)

Under-surface silvery white, deeply lobed

<p>Under-surface silvery white, deeply lobed</p>
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30

Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum)

5 or more lobes, thin pointed buds

<p>5 or more lobes, thin pointed buds</p>
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31

Black Oak (Quercus velutina)

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32

Chestnut Oak (Quercus prinus)

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33

Pin Oak (Quercus palustris)

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34

Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra)

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35

Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea)

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36

White Oak (Quercus alba)

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37

Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida)

3 needles per fascicle, spiky cones and needles

<p>3 needles per fascicle, spiky cones and needles</p>
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38

Red Pine (Pinus resinosa)

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39

Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus)

Soft needles, 5 needles per fascicle

<p>Soft needles, 5 needles per fascicle</p>
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40

Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

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41

Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)

Alternate, simple Very aromatic when crushed Highly variable leaves, up to 3 lobes

<p>Alternate, simple Very aromatic when crushed Highly variable leaves, up to 3 lobes</p>
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42

Norway Spruce (Picea abies)

Droopy

<p>Droopy</p>
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43

White Spruce (Picea glauca)

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44

Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua)

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45

Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis)

Alternate, simple Very large leaves 3-5 shallow lobes Coarse teeth around margins Camo bark

<p>Alternate, simple Very large leaves 3-5 shallow lobes Coarse teeth around margins Camo bark</p>
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46

Tuliptree (Liriodendron tulipifera)

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47

Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica)

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48

Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima)

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49

Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)

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50

Common Witchhazel (Hamamelis virginiana)

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