APUSH The Constitution and the New Republic 1787-1800

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James Madison

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1

James Madison

Father of the Constitution

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Alexander Hamilton

Founding father and promoter of the US Constitution

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Framers of the Constitution

delegates to the Constitutional Convention and helped the draft of the Constitution

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Governor Morris

Represented Pennsylvania in the Constitutional Convention of 1787

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John Dickinson

Founding father and former delegate to the Continental congress

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Federalists

Supporters of the Constitution and its strong federal government

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Anti-Federalists

Opponents of the Federalists

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The Federalist Papers

Presented cogent reasons for believing in the practicality of each major provision of the Constitution

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Bill of Rights: amendments

Collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution

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10

Washington's farewell address

Spoke about policies and practices that he considered unwise

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Permanent alliances

One of the things that Washington warned Americans to make this with foreign affairs

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12

Alien and Sedition Acts

We're four bills passed by the Federalist- dominant 5th the United States Congress and signed into law by President John Adams

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13

Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

Political statements drafted in 1798 that were in response to Alien and Sedition Acts

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14

Slave Trade

Trading of slaves started as early as the 17th century

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15

Infant Industries

To protect the nations new businesses by imposing high tariffs on them

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National bank

document issued by Alexander Hamilton for the purpose of depositing government funds

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Tariffs; excise taxes

a tax or duty to be paid on a particular class of imports or exports.

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Battle of Fallen Timbers

Our victory that gave the federal government control of vast tracts of land

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Treaty of Greenville

the defeated people surrendered claims to the Ohio territory and promised to open it up to settlement

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Public Land Act (1796)

Established orderly procedures for dividing and selling federal lands at reasonable prices

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Mt. Vernon Conference

meeting of delegates from Virginia and Maryland held March 21-28 1785 at George Washington's house

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Annapolis Convention

Convention held in September 1786, that only 5 states sent representatives to

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23

Constitutional Convention

May 1787, Congress called a convention for revising the Articles of Confederation, Only Rhode Island refused to go

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Checks and balances

A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power

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Virginia Plan

Favored the large states

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New Jersey Plan

Favored the small states

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Connecticut Plan; Great Compromise

Provided for a two-house Congress, In the senate states would have equal representation, but in the House of Representatives, each state would be represented according to the size of its population.

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House of Repressentatives

the lower house of the United States congress

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Senate

upper house of the United States congress

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Three- Fifths Compromise

Counted each enslaved individual as three-fifths of a person for the purposes of determining a state's level

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Commercial Compromise

Allowed Congress to regulate interstate and foreign commerce

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Electoral college system

The founding fathers established it in the Constitution as a compromise between election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President

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Legislative Branch

Part of the United States government that creates laws

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Congress

the national legislative body of a country

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Executive Departments; Cabinet

includes the Vice President

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Henry Knox

First United States Secretary of War

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Edmund Randolph

First United States attorney general

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Judiciary Act (1789)

Established a Supreme Court with one chief justice and five associate justices

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Federal Courts

Courts of limited jurisdiction

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Supreme Court

the highest judicial court in a country or state

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National debt

the total amount of money that a country's government has borrowed, by various means

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42

Whiskey Rebellion

The refusal of a group of farmers to pay the federal excise tax on whiskey

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43

Federalist era

Ran from 1789-1801

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Democratic- Republican Party

American political party that was formed in opposition to the Federalist party

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Political parties

an organised group of people with at least roughly similar political aims and opinions, that seeks to influence public policy by getting its candidates elected to public office

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Two term Tradition

You can only do two terms as president

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John Adams

2nd president

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48

Revolution of 1800

Vice President Thomas Jefferson beat President Thomas Jefferson

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49

French Revolution

Social and Political change from 1789-1799

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Proclamation of Neutrality (1793)

Washington issued a proclamation of U.S. neutrality in the conflict

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"Citizen" Genet

Appealed directly to the American people to support the french cause

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Jay Treaty (1794)

Britain agreed to evacuate its posts on the U.S. western frontier

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Pinckney Treaty (1795)

Spain agreed to open the lower Mississippi River and New Orleans to American trade

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Right of Deposit

Ability for Americans to transit cargoes to New Orleans

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XYZ Affair

French ministers who requested bribes for entering into negotions

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