PSYC 330 - Chapter 5

studied byStudied by 68 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

false

1 / 39

Tags and Description

Psychology

40 Terms

1

false

(t/f) gender differences in the effects of drugs are due primarily to body weight differences

New cards
2

false

(t/f) some individuals have an "addictive" personality that predisposes them to alcohol or drug use disorders

New cards
3

true

(t/f) expectancies about alcohol's effects may be a more powerful determinant of its effects than the pharmacological action of alcohol

New cards
4

false

(t/f) theories about the effects of drugs on humans always have taken into account social and environmental factors

New cards
5

false

(t/f) tolerance to a drug develops only because of biological changes that occur as a result of using the drug

New cards
6

true

(t/f) tolerance to a drug may be evident within the same occasion of using it

New cards
7

true

(t/f) people who have tolerance to alcohol will also demonstrate tolerance to barbiturates the first time they use them

New cards
8

false

(t/f) there is no relationship between the drugs that animals show preference for and the drugs that humans prefer

New cards
9

false

(t/f) the effects of a drug on animals tell us little about how that drug with affect humans

New cards
10

false

(t/f) in general, drug researchers are not concerned with placebo effects when studying the actions of a drug

New cards
11

false

(t/f) because new medications are needed to treat diseases like AIDS, government regulation of the process of drug development and marketing has been greatly simplified

New cards
12

true

(t/f) folk uses of naturally occurring products are important sources for discovering new drugs

New cards
13

initial sensitivity

effect of a drug on a first-time user

New cards
14

addictive personality

hypothesis of a personality structure common to all people with substance use disorders

New cards
15

drug expectancy

a person's anticipation of or belief about what they will experience upon taking a drug

New cards
16

dispositional tolerance

increase in rate of metabolizing a drug as a result of its regular use

New cards
17

functional tolerance

decreased behavioral effects of a drug as a result of its regular use

New cards
18

acute tolerance

type of functional tolerance that occurs within a course of action of a single drug dose

New cards
19

protracted tolerance

type of functional tolerance that occurs over the course of two or more drug administrations

New cards
20

behavioral tolerance

adjustment of behavior through experience in using a drug to compensate for its intoxicating effects

New cards
21

cross-tolerance

tolerance to a drug or drugs never taken that results from protracted tolerance to another drug or drugs

New cards
22

psychosis

severe mental disorder whose symptoms include disorganized thinking and bizarre behavior

New cards
23

attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

disorder with features such as greater-than-normal amount of activity, restlessness, difficulty concentrating or sustaining attention, and impulsivity

New cards
24

paradoxical

contrary to what is expected - paradoxical drug effect is opposite in direction to what is expected based on drug's chemical structure

New cards
25

reverse tolerance

increased sensitivity to a drug with repeated use of it

(a.k.a sensitization)

New cards
26

homeostasis

state of equilibrium or balance - systems are stable

when disrupted - system operates to restore it

New cards
27

behavioral pharmacology

specialty area of psychopharmacology that concentrates on drug use as a learned behavior

New cards
28

reinforcer

consequence of a behavior that increases its future likelihood

New cards
29

punisher

consequence of a behavior that suppresses / decreases its future likelihood

New cards
30

self-administration study

study that involves testing whether research participants will "give themselves" a drug

New cards
31

drug discrimination study

research procedure that primarily concerns the differentiation of drug effects

New cards
32

conflict paradigm

research procedure that concerns the effects on a behavior of a drug that has a history of both reinforcement and punishment

New cards
33

generalizable

applicability of a research finding from one setting or group of research participants to others

New cards
34

causal relationship

relationship between variables in which changes in a second variable are due directly to changes in a first variable

New cards
35

control group

reference or comparison group in an experiment - does not receive the experimental manipulation or intervention whose effect is being tested

New cards
36

placebo control

type of control originating in drug research - placebo subjects have the same makeup and are treated exactly like group of subjects who receive a drug, except that placebo subjects receive a chemically inactive substance

New cards
37

group design

type of experimental design where groups of subjects are compared to establish experimental findings

New cards
38

chemical name

name given to a drug that represents its chemical structure

New cards
39

brand name

commercial name given to a drug by its manufacturer

New cards
40

generic name

general name given to a drug that is shorter (and easier for most people to say) than its chemical name

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 43 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 58 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 59 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(5)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10850 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(51)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard39 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard52 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 29 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard128 terms
studied byStudied by 53 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 51 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)