ap world history 1 - 2

studied byStudied by 33 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

Baghdad

1 / 51

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

52 Terms

1

Baghdad

Capital of Iraq

New cards
2

Nasir al-Din al-Tusi

-Persian scholar -Accepted evolution -Discussed variation, and kinship of nonliving matter, plants, and animals

New cards
3

Abbasid dynasty

From 750-1258 this was the 3rd dyansty of the Islamic Caliphate. They built their capital in Baghdad after overthrowing the Umayyad caliphate. Were overthrown by Mongols.

New cards
4

Mongols

A people of this name is mentioned as early as the records of the Tang Empire, living as nomads in northern Eurasia. After 1206 they established an enormous empire under Genghis Khan, linking western and eastern Eurasia.

New cards
5

Mamluks

Under the Islamic system of military slavery, Turkic military slaves who formed an important part of the armed forces of the Abbasid Caliphate of the ninth and tenth centuries. They eventually founded their own state, ruling Egypt and Syria (1250-1517)

New cards
6

Ottoman Turks

Turkish group ruled by the Ottoman dynasty; formed an empire that lasted from about 1300 to 1922. The group that proved to be the greatest threat to the Byzantine Empire in the 15th century.

New cards
7

Middle Ages

The time between the collapse of the Roman Empire in the fifth century AD and the beginning of the Renaissance in the fourteenth century.

New cards
8

primogeniture

right of inheritance belongs exclusively to the eldest son

New cards
9

William the Conqueror

duke of Normandy who led the Norman invasion of England and became the first Norman to be King of England

New cards
10

Magna Carta

a document constituting a fundamental guarantee of rights and privileges.

New cards
11

King Hugh Capet

king who ruled small area around Paris in 987 - foundation to France

New cards
12

Joan of Arc

French heroine and military leader inspired by religious visions to organize French resistance to the English and to have Charles VII crowned king

New cards
13

Hundred Years War

Series of campaigns over control of the throne of France, involving English and French royal families and French noble families.

New cards
14

Queen Isabella

Queen of spain who gave colombus the ships and sailors to sail to the new world

New cards
15

Ferdinand

marriage to Isabella created united Spain; responsible for reconquest of Granada, initiation of exploration of New World

New cards
16

Spanish Inquisition

An organization of priests in Spain that looked for and punished anyone suspected of secretly practicing their old religion instead of Roman Catholicism.

New cards
17

Tatars

Mongols who conquered Russian cities during the 13th century; left Russian church and aristocracy intact.

New cards
18

Czar

A Russian emperor

New cards
19

Ivan the Terrible

first czar of Russia, known for cruelty and being constantly at war

New cards
20

The Ming Dynasty

A major dynasty that ruled China from the mid-fourteenth to the mid-seventeenth century. It was marked by a great expansion of Chinese commerce into East Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia

New cards
21

Delhi Sultanate

The first Islamic government established within India from 1206-1520. Controled a small area of northern India and was centered in Delhi.

New cards
22

Rajput Kingdoms

Collection of kingdoms created by the Huns in northern India

New cards
23

Khmer Empire

The most powerful and longest-lasting kingdom on the mainland of southwest Asia, centering in what is today Cambodia.

New cards
24

Angor Wat

Huge temple complex the Khmer built in the 1100s located in Cambodia.

New cards
25

Hausa

West African people who lived in several city-states of what is now northern Nigeria

New cards
26

Tenochitlan

Aztec capital

New cards
27

Temple of the Sun

Inca religious center located at Cuzco; center of state religion; held mummies of past Incas

New cards
28

Machu Picchu

Abandoned city high in the Andes mountains that showcases the architectural genius of the Inca

New cards
29

Burghers

Merchant class town dwellers

New cards
30

Hanseatic Leagues

attempted to monopolize the entire commerce of northern Europe untill the leage's dissolution during the 1600's

New cards
31

Scolasticism

A medieval philosophical and theological system that tried to reconcile faith and reason

New cards
32

Crusades

A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule.

New cards
33

Heresies

beliefs said to be contrary to official church teachings

New cards
34

Pope Innocent III

(c. 1160-1216) one of the most powerful and influential popes in history; exerted wide influence over the Christian regimes of Europe, claiming supremacy. Called upon Christian forces to begin The Fourth Crusade (crusaders ended up sacking Constantinople)

New cards
35

Inquisition

A Roman Catholic tribunal for investigating and prosecuting charges of heresy - especially the one active in Spain during the 1400s.

New cards
36

Universal Church

A church that includes all members of a society

New cards
37

Church Militant

The members of the Church on earth.

New cards
38

Thomas Aquinas

(Roman Catholic Church) Italian theologian and Doctor of the Church who is remembered for his attempt to reconcile faith and reason in a comprehensive theology

New cards
39

Genghis Khan

Also known as Temujin; he united the Mongol tribes into an unstoppable fighting force; created largest single land empire in history.

New cards
40

Mongol Empire

Largest land empire in the history of the world, spanning from Eastern Europe across Asia.

New cards
41

Golden Horde

Mongol khanate founded by Genghis Khan's. It was based in southern Russia and quickly adopted both the Turkic language and Islam. Also known as the Kipchak Horde.

New cards
42

Timur Lane

burned the powerful city of baghdad;crushed the ottoman forces at the battle of ankara;halted the expansion of their empire

New cards
43

Mansa Musa

Emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa. He made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and established trade routes to the Middle East.

New cards
44

Indian Ocean Trade

connected to Europe, Africa, and China.; worlds richest maritime trading network and an area of rapid Muslim expansion.

New cards
45

Great Zimbabwe

City, now in ruins, whose many stone structures were built between about 1250 and 1450, when it was a trading center and the capital of a large state.

New cards
46

Bubonic Plague

disease brought to Europe from the Mongols during the Middle Ages. It killed 1/3 of the population and helps end Feudalism. Rats, fleas.

New cards
47

Kashgar and Samarkland

central trading points where the Eastern and Western Silk Roads met.

New cards
48

Xuanzang

Chinese-Buddhist monk who traveled to India to learn Indian Buddhism

New cards
49

Ibn Battuta

Moroccan Muslim scholar, the most widely traveled individual of his time. He wrote a detailed account of his visits to Islamic lands from China to Spain and the western Sudan.

New cards
50

Margery Kempe

Wrote a book about her travels to religious sites throughout Europe and the Holy Land.

New cards
51

Kublai Khan

Mongolian emperor of China and grandson of Genghis Khan who completed his grandfather's conquest of China

New cards
52

Marco Polo

Venetian merchant and traveler. His accounts of his travels to China offered Europeans a firsthand view of Asian lands and stimulated interest in Asian trade.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 23 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 23 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 30 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 18 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 23 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 177 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard64 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard31 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard48 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard52 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard56 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard34 terms
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard49 terms
studied byStudied by 106 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)