Cellular respiration and photosynthesis

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Mitochondria

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Mitochondria

In what organelle does cellular respiration take place?

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creating ATP from sugars using oxygen

What is the function of cellular respiration?

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anaerobic

a process that does not require oxygen

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aerobic

a process that does require oxygen

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allows ATP to be made without oxygen

Function of fermentation

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Glucose, 2 ATP

Input of glycolysis

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NADH, 2 pyruvic acid, 4 ATP

output of glycolysis

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split glucose for ATP

purpose of glycolysis

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2 pyruvic acid

input of kreb's cycle

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2 ATP, NADH, 6CO2, FADH2

output of kreb's cycle

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take energy from pyruvate acid to make 2 ATP and electrons

purpose of kreb's cycle

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NADH, FADH2, oxygen

input of ETC

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H2O, 32 ATP

output of ETC

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uses electrons to convert ADP to ATP

purpose of ETC

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6O2 + C6H12O6 -> 6CO2 + 6H20 + 36 ATP

overall equation for cellular respiration

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calorie

the amount of energy needed to raise 1 gram of water by 1°C

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glycolysis, kreb's cycle, ETC

the 3 stages of cellular respiration in order

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electron transport chain

what does ETC stand for

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photosynthesis makes energy, cellular respiration uses energy

relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration

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glucose

what is C6H12O6

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green

what color of light is reflected by chlorophyll

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light dependent reaction, light independent reaction

what are the 2 stages of photosynthesis

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autotroph

organisms that make their own food

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heterotrophs

organisms that can not make their own food

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ATP

Adenosine Triphosphate

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adenine

what is A?

<p>what is A?</p>
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ribose

what is B?

<p>what is B?</p>
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3 phosphate groups

what is C?

<p>what is C?</p>
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ADP

Adenosine Diphosphate

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ADP

what is produced when one phosphate bond is removed from ATP

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photosynthesis

Involves the Use Of light Energy to convert Water (H20) and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) into Oxygen (O2) and High Energy Carbohydrates (sugars, e.g. Glucose) & Starches

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chlorophyll

the primary light-absorbing pigment in autotrophs

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grana

what is A

<p>what is A</p>
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lamella

what is B

<p>what is B</p>
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stroma

what is C

<p>what is C</p>
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thylakoid

what is D

<p>what is D</p>
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stroma

where do Light Independent reactions occur (part of chloroplast)

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thylakoid membranes

where do Light Dependent reactions occur (part of chloroplast)

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H2O, Light Energy

reactants of light reaction

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ATP, NADPH

Products of light reaction

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O2

waste product of light reaction

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2

___ turns of the Calvin Cycle are required to make one molecule of glucose

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CO2, ATP, NADPH

Reactants of dark reaction

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Glucose

products of dark reaction

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Amount of water, Temperature, amount of available light energy

factors that affect photosynthesis

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