Revolutions - myp4

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years of enlightenment

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enlightenment, american revolution, french revolution

97 Terms

1

years of enlightenment

late 17th - 18th century

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2

which period was between the renaissance and enlightenment?

scientific revolution

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3

what was the main motto of the scientific revolution?

the world works due to natural laws, not gods laws

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4

influential scientist during the scientific revolution

Galileo Galilei, Isaac Newton, Copernicus

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5

one thing that stayed the same during both the middle ages and enlightenment

there were strong kingdoms

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6

rationality/experience secularism natural law individualism urbanism industrialism free trade progress

period of enlightenment

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7

urbanism

more infrastructure for housing and services

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8

an increasing prevalation of industries

industrialism

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9

natural law

nature goes by its own laws and is not governed by god

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10

dogmatism superstition strict moral principles obedience divine right serfdom agriculture

middle ages

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11

divine right

god chooses roles in society

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12

who was John Locke?

British philosopher who believed in the toleration of different religions and didn't believe in divine right

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13

John Locke's contribution to child psychology

TABULA RASA- a child has an empty mind and everything it learns is learnt by experience

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14

what was Montesquieu 's contribution ?

division of power

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15

legislative power

parliament/congress is elected and makes or changes laws

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16

executive power

ministers + prime minister/senate that enforce laws and are responsible for the government

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17

judicial power

the courts

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18

centers of enlightenment

Vienna, Paris, London, Berlin, Boston, Philadelphia

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19

are civil liberties a consequences of enlightenment?

true

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20

-reason over belief -more experience (trade, spread of languages, criticism of ideas) -political & social change

legacy of enlightenment

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21

years of American revolution

1775 - 1783

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22

how many colonies were there in America?

13

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23

income of the colonies in the south

plantations

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24

income of the colonies in the east

fishing, industry, whales, rum, lumber

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25

false

the colonies could trade with everyone

true or false?

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26

why were the colonies unhappy?

no representation in the government of the mother country

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27

what was the first colony and when was it established

Virginia, 1607

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28

impact of French & Indian war

huge war expenses which were expected to be payed by the colonists in the form of taxes

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29

year of French & Indian war

1754 - 1763

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30

the stamp act

all papers had to have the British stamp, taxation of tea and sugar

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31

year of Boston tea party

1773

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32

what is the origin of the Boston tea party's name?

threw tea into the ocean

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33

motto of American colonists

no taxation without representation

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34

the foundation of the American parliament

Continental congress 1774/5

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35

who were the patriots?

wanted to be separate from Britain, fought in the American army and organized boycotts and protests

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36

people who worked for the king or benefitted for the status quo, some went back to Britain and some fought in the British army

the loyalists

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37

what year was the declaration of independence signed?

1776

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38

the person who signed the declaration of independence

Thomas Jefferson

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39

George Washington

first Us president, elected in 1789

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40

1781

victory of American and French forces over the English

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41

outcome of american revolution

boost of economy,, beginning of capitalism, spread of revolutionary ideas, causes French revolution

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42

year of US constitution

1788

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43

the federal system

-three branches of government -one president -each state has its own government

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44

10 amendments protecting the basic rights of citizens

the Bill of rights

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45

conservative side in US government

federalists - later republicans

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46

liberals in US government

anti- federalists - later Democrats

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47

in total how many amendments are there?

27

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48

the French were a developed society

true or false?

true, they had culture and participated in trade

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49

bourgeoisie

merchants, bankers, intelectuals

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50

what was the ruling dynasty in France?

Bourbon dynasty

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51

Marquis la Fayette

French general who supported ideas of enlightenment

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52

causes of French revolution

-ideas of enlightenment -American revolution -non-functional absolute monarchy -weak regime of Louise XVI -poor people -lack of food -French people are violent because they are stupid and illiterate

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53

third estate

bourgeoisie , 80% of population

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54

first estate

clergy, 1% of population

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55

second estate

nobility, 2% of population

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56

who created the national assembly?

third estate

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57

which events happened in 1789

1st - reconsignment of ESTATE GENERAL 2nd- formation of NATIONAL ASSEMBLY + TENNIS COURT OATH 3rd- STORMING OF BASTILLE 4th- NATIONAL CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY

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58

tennis court oath

a promise to create a new constitution

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59

symbols of French revolution

  • liberte, eglie, fratenite

  • cockarde -tricolor flag

  • new French anthem

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60

what year was the first french constitution created

1791

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61

an election based on wealth, status and education

census election

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62

what were the three parties in the legislative assembly?

opportunists, conservatives, radicals

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63

what happened after the royal family tried to escape?

they were discovered, children went into families, king + queen jailed for 1.5 years

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64

national assembly becomes ...

National Convention

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65

who holds majority in national convention?

the Jacobine club

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66

what year was the french republic declared

1792

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67

who was prime minister in 1792

Maximilien Robespierre``````````````````````````````````

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68

year of execution of the king

1793

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69

reign of terror

the period of Robespierre's rule

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70

cult of reason

the religion of Robespierre

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71

who was part of the coalition against france?

Prussia, Russia, Austria (Habsburgs) , UK, Spain, Italy

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72

which new things did Robespierre introduce?

Committee of public safety committee of general safety new calendar new religion

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73

how was the reign of terror ended?

with coup of 9thermidore, Robespierre executed without trial

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74

what came after the reign of terror?

the directory

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75

who ended the directory

Napoleon Bonaparte

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76

legacy of the french revolution

civic society dictatorship spreading of liberal ideas

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77

declaration of the rights of man

1789

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78

coup de Brumaire

coup by NB to end the directory

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79

what government system did NB establish in 1799

the three consuls

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80

which countries were against NB in 1799

austria, russia UK

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81

what year was the Napoleonic code established

1804

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82

when did NB crown himself emperor

1804

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83

what was napoleons school system for?

creation of loyal government officials & tax collectors

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84

which colony does the US buy from France

Louisiana

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85

who won in the battle of Trafalgar (1805)

the UK - admiral Nelson

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86

who did NB conquer by 1805

Spain, Germany, Netherlands, Italy, Sweden

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87

what was the continental system?

a naval blockade that stopped trade between the British and everyone else

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88

what happened in Russia in 1812

the Russians used the burn and run technique that led to most of NB's army dyeing

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89

which battle happened during 1813 that NB lost

battle of Liepzing

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90

Alba

island that NB first got exiled to

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91

Napoleon's last battle

battle of Waterloo 1815

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92

where did NB die?

Island of St. Helena

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93

what are the dates of the Vienna Congress

Nov 1814 - June 1815

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94

what iss the Congress of Vienna's nickname?

the congress that did not move, it danced

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95

Clemens von Metternich

leader of the Congress of Vienna

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96

who were the most influential country at the Congress of Vienna

GB, Russia, Prussia, Austria

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97

who replaced NB in France

Louis the XVIII

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