Unit 2 - Government

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life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness

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Government

46 Terms

1

life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness

what are the unalienable rights?

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2

for

were federalists for or against the constitution?

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3

against

were anti-federalists for or against the constitution?

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4

3/5 compromise

the compromise where all slaves would be counted as 3/5 of a person for the population count

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5

connecticut compromise

the compromise where congress would be split into 2 houses: the Senate which would have equal representation and the House of Representatives which would have representation based on state populations

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6

commerce and slave trade compromise

the compromise that said congress had no power to tax export of goods, act on slave trade, or interfere with coming of slaves besides a head tax for 20 years

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7

amendment

change in the constitution

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8

bill of rights

the first 10 amendments to the constitution, lists our basic rights

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9

popular sovereignty

principle of government that says the political power is held by the people

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10

limited government

principle of government that says the government is not all powerful and only can do what the people allow it to do

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11

separation of powers

the principle of government that says the powers in the government are distributed

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12

checks and balances

the principle of government that says each branch has the power to check other branches

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13

judicial review

principle of government that says the courts have the power to determine the constitutionality of a government action

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14

federalism

the principle of government which means there will be a division of power between central and regional governments

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15

unconstitutional

illegal, government action that violates the constitution

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16

27

how many amendments are there?

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17

2/3

what fraction of approval is required to propose an amendment?

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18

¾

what fraction of approval is required to ratify an amendment?

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19

federalism

division of power between state and national government

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20

delegated powers

powers given to the national government from the constitution

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21

reserved powers

powers given only to the state

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22

enabling act

enables the people of a territory to frame a State constitution

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23

full faith and credit clause

requires states to recognize and respect the validity of public acts, records, and judicial proceedings in other states

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24

extradition clause

prevents a person from escaping justice by fleeing a state

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25

bona fide

good faith, valid

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26

expressed powers

powers clearly outlined by the constitution and given to the national government

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27

implied powers

powers not exactly stated in the constitution but suggested/implied through necessary and proper clause

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28

inherent powers

powers that all national governments have which are not directly expressed in the constitution, but the government has kept over time

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29

necessary and proper clause

gives congress the ability to make laws they deem necessary and proper for our country

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30

concurrent powers

powers that both the states and national government has

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31

elastic/sweeping clause

what is another name for the necessary and proper clause?

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32

supremacy clause

laws made by the federal government supercede the state governments

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33

polygamy

what was Utah required to outlaw before becoming a state?

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34

native americans

whose land did Alaska have to be prohibited from taking in order to become a state?

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35

Arizona

which state was required to remove the recall of justices by popular vote from their constitution before becoming a state?

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36

federal grant in-aid

grant given to the states by the federal government (Land Grant colleges, schools, flood control)

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37

categorical grant

grant that is specific and has a closely defined purpose (often done through a match) (school lunches, construction of an airport)

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38

project grants

states or groups can apply to these grants, can fund job trainings programs or programs for growth

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39

block grants

large sums of money given to states to spend on things such as healthcare, social services, or welfare with few strings attached

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40

land grant college

how was Iowa State founded

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41

interstate compact

agreement among a state with other states

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42

treaty, alliance or confederation

what does the Constitution prohibit states from making?

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43

privileges and immunities clause

no state can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in other states

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44

rule of law

the government and officers are always subject to the law

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45

provide a republican form of government, protect states against invasion and internal disorder, respect the territorial integrity of states

what are the 3 obligations the constitution puts on the national government to aid the states?

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46

act of admission

this formerly admits a new state

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