Appendicular Muscles

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Levetor scapulae

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47 Terms

1

Levetor scapulae

Origin: Transverse processes of C1-C4

Insertion: Superior angle of scapula

Action: Elevates, retracts, and rotates scapula; laterally flexes neck

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2

Pectoralis minor

Origin: Third to fifth ribs

Insertion: Coracoid process of scapula

Action: Depresses scapula or elevates ribs

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3

Serratus anterior

Origin: First to eighth/ninth ribs

Insertion: Medial border of scapula

Action: Rotates and protracts scapula; elevates ribs

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4

Trapezius

Origin: External occipital protuberance, ligamentum nuchae, and spinous processes of C7-T12

Insertion: Clavicle, acromion process, and scapular spine

Action: Elevates, depresses, retracts, rotates, and fixes scapula; extends neck

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5

Deltoid

Origin: Clavicle, acromion process, and scapular spine

Insertion: Deltoid tuberosity

Action: Flexes and extends shoulder; abducts and medially and laterally rotates arm

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6

Latissimus dorsi

Origin: Spinous processes of T7-L5; sacrum and illiac crest; inferior angle of scapula in some people

Insertion: Medial crest of intertubercular groove

Action: Adducts and medially rotates arm; extends shoulder

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7

Pectoralis major

Origin: Clavicle, sternum, superior six costal cartilages, and abdominal aponeurosis

Insertion: Lateral crest of intertubercular groove

Action: Flexes shoulder; adducts and medially rotates arm; extends shoulder from flexed position

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8

Teres major

Origin: Lateral border of scapula

Insertion: Medial crest of intertubercular groove

Action: Extends shoulder; adducts and medially rotates arm

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9

Biceps brachii

Origin: supraglenoid (long head); coracoid process (short head)

Insertion: Radial tuberosity

Action: Flexes shoulder and elbow

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10

Brachialis

Origin: Anterior surface of humerus

Insertion: Coronoid process of ulna

Action: Flexes elbow

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11

Triceps brachii

Origin: scapula (long head); humerus (lateral head); humerus (medial head)

Insertion: olecranon process of ulna

Action: Extends elbow; extends shoulder, and adducts arm

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12

Brachioradialis

Origin: Lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus

Insertion: Styloid process of radius

Action: Flexes elbow

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13

Pronator teres

Origin: Medial epicondyle of humerus and coronoid process of ulna

Insertion: Radius

Action: Pronates forearm (and hand)

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14

Supinator

Origin: Lateral epicondyle of humerus and ulna

Insertion: Radius

Action: Supinates forearm (and hand)

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15

Flexor carpi radialis (superficial)

Origin: Medial epicondyle of humerus

Insertion: Second and third metacarpal bones

Action: Flexes and abducts wrist

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16

Flexor carpi ulnaris (superficial)

Origin: Medial epicondyle of humerus and ulna

Insertion: Pisiform, hamate, and fifth metacarpal bones

Action: Flexes and adducts wrist

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17

Flexor digitorum profundus (deep)

Origin: Ulna

Insertion: Distal phalanges of digits 2-5

Action: Flexes fingers at metacarpophalangeal joints and interphalangeal joints and wrist

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18

Flexor digitorum superficialis (Intermediate)

Origin: Medial epicondyle of humerus, coronoid process, and radius

Insertion: Middle phalanges of digits 2-5

Action: Flexes fingers at interphalangeal joints and wrist

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19

Flexor pollicus longus (deep)

Origin: Radius

Insertion: Distal phalanx of thumb

Action: Flexes thumb

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20

Palmaris longus (superficial)

Origin: Medial epicondyle of humerus

Insertion: Palmar fascia

Action: Tenses palmar fascia; flexes wrist

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21

Abductor pollicus longus

Origin: Ulna and radius

Insertion: base of first metacarpal bone

Action: abducts and extends thumb; abducts wrist

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22

Extensor carpi radialis

Origin: Lateral epicondyle of humerus (brevis); Lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus (longus)

Insertion: Base of third metacarpal bone (brevis); base of second metacarpal bone (longus)

Action: Extends and abducts wrist

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23

Extensor carpi ulnaris

Origin: Lateral epicondyle of humerus and ulna

Insertion: Base of fifth metacarpal bone

Action: Extends and abducts wrist

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24

Extensor digitorum

Origin: Lateral epicondyle of humerus

Insertion: Phalanges of digits 2-5

Action: Extends fingers and wrist

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25

Extensor pollicis

Origin: Radius (brevis); ulna (longus)

Insertion: Proximal phalanx of thumb (brevis); distal phalanx of thumb (longus)

Action: Extends and abducts thumb; abducts wrist (brevis); Extends thumb (longus)

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26

Iliopsoas

Origin: Iliac fossa (Iliacus); T12-L5 (psoas major)

Insertion: Lesser trochanter of femur

Action: Flexes hip

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27

Gluteus maximus

Origin: Posterior surface of ilium, sacrum, and coccyx

Insertion: Gluteal tuberosity of femur and iliotibial tract

Action: Extends hip

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28

Gluteus medius

Origin: Posterior surface of ilium

Insertion: Greater trochanter of femur

Action: Abducts and medially rotates thigh

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29

Gluteus minimus

Origin: Posterior surface of ilium

Insertion: Greater trochanter of femur

Action: Abducts and medially rotates thigh

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30

Tensor fascia latae

Origin: Anterior superior iliac spine

Insertion: Through iliotibial tract to lateral condyle of tibia

Action: Tenses lateral fascia and stabilizes femur on tibia when standing; flexes hip; abducts and medially rotates thigh; tilts pelvis

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31

Quadriceps femoris

Origin: Anterior inferior iliac spine (rectus femoris); greater trochanter and linea aspera of femur (vastus lateralis); body of femur (vastus intermedius); linea aspera of femur (vastus medialis)

Insertion: Patella and onto tibial tuberosity through patellar ligament (rectus femoris); tibia (vastus lateralis, intermedius, and medialis)

Action: Extends knee and flexes hip

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32

Sartorius

Origin: Anterior superior iliac spine

Insertion: Medial side of tibial tuberosity

Action: Flexes hip and knee; rotates thigh laterally and leg medially

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33

Adductor brevis

Origin: Pubis

Insertion: Linea aspera of femur

Action: Adducts thigh

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34

Adductor longus

Origin: Pubis

Insertion: Linea aspera of femur

Action: Adducts thigh

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35

Adductor magnus

Origin: Adductor part: pubis and ischium; Hamstrin part: ischial tuberosity

Insertion: Adductor part: linea apsera of femur; Hamstring part: adductor tubercle of femur

Action: Adductor part: adducts thigh and flexes hip; Hamstring part: extends hip and adducts thigh

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36

Gracilis

Origin: Pubis near symphysis

Insertion: Tibia

Action: Adducts thigh; flexes knee

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37

Biceps femoris

Origin: Ischial tuberosity (long head); femur (short head)

Insertion: Head of fibula

Action: flexes knee; laterally rotates leg; extends hip

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38

Semimembranosus

Origin: Ischial tuberosity

Insertion: Medial condyle of tibia

Action: Flexes knee; medially rotates leg; tenses capsule of knee joint; extends hip

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39

Semitendinosus

Origin: Ischial tuberosity

Insertion: Tibia

Action: Flexes knee; medially rotates leg; extends hip

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40

Extensor digitorum longus

Origin: Lateral condyle of tibia and fibula

Insertion: four tendons to phalanges of four lateral toes

Action: Extends four lateral toes; dorsiflexes and everts foot

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41

Tibialis anterior

Origin: Lateral tibia

Insertion: Medial cuneiform and first metatarsal bone

Action: dorsiflexes and inverts foot

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42

Fibularis

Origin: Inferior two-thirds of lateral fibula (brevis) superior two-thirds of lateral fibula (longus)

Insertion: fifth metatarsal bone (brevis); first metatarsal bone and medial cuneiform (longus)

Action: Everts and plantar flexes foot

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43

Gastrocnemius

Origin: Medial and lateral condyles of femur

Insertion: Through calcaneal tendon to calcaneus

Action: Plantar flexes foot; flexes knee

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44

Plantaris

Origin: Femur

Insertion: Through calcaneal tendon to calcaneus

Action: Plantar flexes foot; flexes knee

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45

Soleus

Origin: Fibula and tibia

Insertion: Through calcaneal tendon to calcaneus

Action: Plantar flexes foot

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46

Flexor digitorum longus

Origin: Tibia

Insertion: Four tendons to distal phalanges of four lateral toes

Action: Flexes four lateral toes

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47

Popliteus

Origin: Lateral femoral condyle

Insertion: Posterior tibia

Action: Flexes knee

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