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R.A.C.E

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36 Terms

1

R.A.C.E

Rescue, Alarm, Contain, Extinguish

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2

P.A.S.S

Pull, Aim, Squeeze, Sweep

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3

Four bed rails up

Considered to be a restraint

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4

Physical restraint

Manually holding or immobilizing the client using physical strength

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5

Mechanical restraint

Use of materials, straps, fabric, and leather devices that can be fastened around the wrists or ankles of a client (hand mitten is the least restrictive)

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6

Chemical restraint

involves the administration of medications to a client to reduce the clients movements or control behavior (ex. benzodiazepines, antipsychotics, and neuromuscular-blocking agents)

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7

Barrier restraint

Entails restraining the clients movement within a setting through the use of barriers to limit movement

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8

Seclusion restraint

involves placing the client alone in a securely locked room without their consent

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9

ISBARR

Identify, Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendation, Read back orders

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10

Adult HR

60-100bpm

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11

Adult respiratory rate

12-20 breaths per minute

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12

Adult BP

120/80

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13

Rhonchi

a low pitched breath sounds caused when air passes through the bronchial tubes that contain fluid/mucus

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14

Crackles

a high pitched breath sound caused if the small air sacs in the lungs fill with fluid and air movement (person has pneumonia or heart failure)

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15

Wheezing

a high pitch whistling sound caused by narrowing of the bronchial tubes

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16

Stridor

a harsh vibratory sound caused by narrowing of the upper airway

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17

Bradycardia

HR less than 60

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18

Tachycardia

HR higher than 100

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19

Hypotension

BP less than 90/60

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20

Hypertension

BP higher than 140/90

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21

Temperature monitoring sites

-Rectal (not someone who has low platelets) -Temporal (forehead) -Tympanic (ear) -Axillary (armpit) -Oral/Sublingual (under tongue)

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22

Contact precaution PPE

Gown and gloves

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23

Droplet transmission PPE

Surgical mask

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24

Airborne transmission

N95 mask

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25

Steps for donning

Hand hygiene Shoe covers (if applicable) Gown Mask Eye protection Gloves

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26

Steps for taking off

Shoe covers (if applicable) Gown and gloves together Perform hand hygiene Eye protection Mask Perform hand hygiene

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27

Transdermal patch

-Topical medication are applied directly to the area being treated -Medication is absorbed through the mucous membranes or skin in the area of application and moves into the blood through the capillaries in that area

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28

Otic applications

applied to or in the ear to treat conditions of the external and middle ear

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29

Sublingual

placed under the tongue, dissolve and activate ingredients are quickly absorbed into the bloodstream

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30

Buccal medications

placed between gum and cheek

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31

Medical abbreviations

PO - orally, by mouth BID - twice a day PRN - taken as needed Qd - every day Qh - every hour Qid - four times a day

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32

Isotonic solutions

has the same salt concentration as cells and blood

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33

Hypotonic solutions

has a lower concentration of solutes that another

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34

Hypertonic solutions

contains more dissolved particles than is found in normal cells and blood

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35

Subcutaneous injections

absorption slower than IM injections, loose connective tissue under the dermis, (deltoid, thighs, abdomen in the umbilical region, lower loins)

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36

Intramuscular injections

faster absorption than subcutaneous route (deltoid, vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, ventrogluteal)

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