US History 1 - Quiz 1

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What entities helped investors pool their money to support a settlement in the new world?

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1

What entities helped investors pool their money to support a settlement in the new world?

Joint Stock Companies

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2

What settlement was formed by 3 ships from the Virginia Company sailing up a coastal river?

Jamestown

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3

Under what system were workers lured to work in Jamestown with the promise of a paid voyage and 50 acres of land?

Headright System

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4

What group of people did John Smith persuade to provide his settlement with food?

The Powhatans

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5

What was the name of the high-quality tobacco that was mixed by John Rolfe to export to Europe?

Brown Gold

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6

What member of the Powhatan Nation married John Rolfe of Jamestown?

Pocahantas

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7

What entity served as the first representative body in America?

House of Burgess

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8

What Jamestown governor levied taxes on poor white settlers, creating hostility?

Sir William (Lord) Berkley

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9

Disgusted by the turmoil in Virginia in 1624, King James I revoked the joint stock company's charter, and made Virginia this?

Royal Colony

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10

Who made Nathanial Bacon (mattybraps??) rebel against Jamestown because they wouldn't support raising an Army to fight the Native Americans?

Governor Berkley

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11

The Puritans emigrated to create a new model society, unlike the Jamestown Colonists who were only interested in...

Profits

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12

_________, known as separatists, fled from England in 1620 to escape religious prosecution

Pilgrims

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13

______ was the second permanent English colony in North America

Plymouth

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14

The Massachusetts Bay Colony had _______ as its capital

Boston

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15

________ stated that the purpose of the their government in America was to frame , in part, "just and equal laws".

Mayflower Compact

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16

What stated that "Forced religion stinks in the nostrils of God"?

Roger Williams

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17

Native Americans needed more land than the colonists to...

Hunt, Fish, and Farm

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18

What war resulted from English settlers invoking Puritan Laws on the Wampanoag Nation?

King Phillips War

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19

What Religious Leader was banished by the Puritans for preaching that worshipers didn't the need church to interpret the Bible for them?

Anne Hutchinson

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20

Clashes between settlers and Native Americans occurred, in part, because Native Americans did not recognize _______

Land Treaties

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21

______ was the transfer of plants, animals, diseases, and people between the Americas and Asia, Africa, and Europe

Columbian Exchange

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22

________ is the trade of raw materials from the Americas to Europe, manufactured goods from Europe to Africa, and slaves from Africa to the Americas

Triangular Trade

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23

_____ are unprocessed natural resources (like wood, cotton, food crops, and metals)

Manufactured Goods

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24

______ are crops grown on large farms in large amounts meant for trade, such as tobacco and sugar cane

Cash Crops

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25

_____ was the trip slaves were forced to take from Africa to the Americas. Conditions were horrible and many died of diseases, starvation, and abuse

Middle Passage

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26

______ was an economic practice of European colonial powers that used colonies for the benefit of the mother country

Mercantilism

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27

What were the original 13 colonies?

Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island

<p>Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island</p>
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28

What were the original colonies divided into?

New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern

<p>New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern</p>
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29

What natural land barrier acted as a border for the colonies and prevented them from exploring the west?

The Appalachian Mountains

<p>The Appalachian Mountains</p>
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30

What people were "half-way between slavery and freedom?"

Indentured Servants

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31

The main reason that food production differed among Native American societies was because of their ________.

Locations

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32

_____________ was a pyramid that ranked how developed a community was based on how many basic needs each community met.

Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs

<p>Maslow&apos;s Hierarchy Of Needs</p>
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33

How long did people live in North America before Columbus?

10,000 years

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34

What did the Native Americans likely use to cross into North America?

The Bering Strait

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35

Excluding Hawaii and Alaska, the estimate for the Native American population before 1942 was ___________.

10 million to 100 million

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36

The first major conflict between the Native Americans and the colonists was the _______ War. 500-600 Native Americans died.

Pequot

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