Hispanic Heritage Month 2022

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When is Hispanic Heritage Month celebrated?

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1

When is Hispanic Heritage Month celebrated?

sep 15- oct 15

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2

where is hispanic heritage month celebrated

United States

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3

what do we recognize about hispanic heritage month in the U.S

we recognize the contributions and impact the Hispanic Americans have on our history and culture here in the United States.

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4

what is hispanic heritage month a celebration of

culture

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5

who were the first people to be on the island and what did they name it

the first people were the Tainos and they named it "Boriquen"

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6

what does Boriquen mean

land of the brave lord

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7

what did christopher columbus name it when he came

Boriquén San Juan de Bautista

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8

who is Boriquén San Juan de Bautista named after

saint john the baptist

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9

what did the island become a center for shortly after Christopher Columbus arrived?

a center for trade and explorers

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10

what is the capital of Puerto Rico

san juan

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11

1.what do the red stripes on the flag stand for 2.what do the white stripes stand for 3.what does the blue triangle stand for 4.what does the white star symbolize

1.blood from the warriors 2.peace and victory from gaining independence 3.sky and sea 4.the island

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12

what currency is used in puerto rico

US dollar

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13

what is the official language of puerto rico

Spanish and English

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14

what is the main religion in puerto rico

Roman Catholicism

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15

climate of puerto rico

tropical climate (warm all year)

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16

when is hurricane season in puerto rico

June to November

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17

what landform is puerto rico

archipelago

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18

what is an archipelago

an island with smaller ones around it

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19

what of the tainos is ingraved in puerto ricos history?

their language and culture

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20

where did the tainos most likely come from

south america

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21

when did they arrive to puerto rico

they arrived by boat between 600 AD and 1000 AD

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22

Boriqua

it is derived from the island previous name and can be used for someone from puerto rico or pureto rican descent

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23

what kind of word is jibaro?

taino

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24

what does jibaro translate to

men of the forest

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25

what is it used for

a word used for farmers

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26

what is jibaro sometimes interchangeable with?

campesinos

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27

what influence did christopher columbus have on puerto rico?

-he changed its name( Boriquen San Juan de Bautista) -he claimed the island and led to its colonization -brought catholicisim

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28

who was Juan Ponce de Leon

  1. he led the first group of colonists from Spain to Puerto Rico 2.first Spanish governor of San Juan Bautista

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29

what does La Fortaleza mean?

a fortress

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30

what was it constructed for?

to protect the capital from raids and enemies

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31

what is it used for today?

the governors house

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32

where is Iglesia de San José located?

Old San Juan

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33

what is significant about Iglesia de San José?

it is the first architecture constructed permanently on Puerto Rico

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34

how old is Iglesia de San José?

it is the 2nd oldest church in the Americas

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35

whos crypt is in this church

juan ponce de leon remains were there

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36

what is another word that means old for old san juan

viejo

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37

what is the oldest settlement in puerto rico

old san juan

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38

what kind of district is old san juan

a histroical colonial district in the city of san juan

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39

what is san juan a hub for

it is a cultural hub for puerto rico and one of the most commonly visited place in the Caribbean

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40

why is it a historical district?

it is a historic district because it holds the houses that make it historic(la fortaleza is located here)

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41

how long did el morro take to complete?

more than 200 years

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42

what is el morros full name?

Fort San Felipe del Morro(after saint Phillip)

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43

why was ell morro constructed?

to protect San Juan from attackers, especially Spains enemies

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44

el morro is the first land mass with what?

fresh water coming from Europe

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45

when did the construction for el morro begin?

1539

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46

how old is el morro?

over 500 years old

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47

who helped the spainards build it?

african slaves

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48

what did the US use el morro for

a military base in world war 1 and 2

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49

what islands make up the greater Antilles?

Cuba, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Cayman islands

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50

what one is the largest?

Cuba

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51

what is important about Hispaniola?

island made up of 2 countries(Haiti and Dominican Republic)

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52

who took puerto rico from the natives?

Spain took puerto rico from the natives in 1508

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53

why was it useful to them

Spain was a central point for trade

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54

what 3 other reasons was it useful?

1.gold 2.fertile soil due to tropical climate 3.first port with fresh water was also beneficial

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55

what are 3 things Puerto Rico could grow that Spain could not grow?

tobacco, coffee, and sugar cane

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56

what year was Puerto Rico able to govern themselves?

1897

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57

what year did the U.S invade the land

1898

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58

why were the conditions Puerto Ricans were up against under Spanish rule not ideal?

because of slavery, limited trade, and high taxes on land.

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59

what did Spain permit with other countries and what was lowered?

trade with other countries under the Caribbean and lower taxes

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60

what was NOT given up

land

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61

when was slavery abolished in PR?

in 1873

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62

who was the Spanish-American war fought between?

Spain and the United States

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63

what year did it start

1898

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64

how long did it last?

april to august

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65

why did the U.S start this war?(2 reasons)

1.there was a US ship(USS Maine)in Havana harbor that was mysteriously bombed

2.America supported Cuba and Philippines fight for independence from Spain

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66

what 3 things did the U.S get from their victory?

1.gave sovereignty over Guam, PR, and Philippines to the US 2. a peace treaty was formed to get Cuba to gain independence 3.the US annexed the independent state of hawaii

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67

what was the name of the person who headed the government and took power in July 1898

Luis Munoz Rivera

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68

how long after that did the US invade PR

just several days later

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69

until what year did military rule last in PR?

1900

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70

when did the U.S Congress approve the Treaty of Paris

on February 6, 1899, by a two-thirds margin

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71

what happened the following day?

President McKinley signed the treaty, and the United States officially controlled Spain’s former colonies

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72

what were Spain's former colonies

Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines

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73

what did the Jones-Sharoth Act give puerto ricans?

citizenship to the US

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74

how was government set up with the Jones-Sharoth Act?

similar to ours(3 branches)

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75

what did the Jones-Sharoth Act give everyone?

civil rights

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76

when was the Jones-Sharoth Act signed?

1917

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77

it created local legislature between what 2 things?

their house of representatives and senate

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78

are Puerto Ricans american citizens?

Yes

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79

why are they american citizens?

because of the Jones-Sharoth Act

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80

why do people think it was done at that time?

because of World War I and if we had more citizens we had more people fighting

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81

What are two things that they do not do that other citizens do?

they do not vote for the president they do not pay federal taxes

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82

Is Puerto Rico a State in the USA?

No it is not a U.S state. It has been a commonwealth since 1952.

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83

How do many Puerto Ricans feel about PR’s connection to the US?

They have mixed feelings

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84

what are their mixed feelings?

-some think the connection to the US improves their country’s economy

-others feel Puerto Rico should be independent because they worry their Spanish culture will be lost and they want to have more control over what happens in their land

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85

Do Puerto Ricans need a passport to come to the USA?

No they do not need a passport to come to the U.S

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86

why don't Puerto Ricans need a passport to come to the USA ?

because it is a free commonwealth, they have citizenship, and they have United States passports

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87

Do people from the US need a passport to go to PR?

No U.S people do not need a passport to go to Puerto Rico

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88

why don't people from the US need a passport to go to PR?

because its a United States territory

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89

what is El Yunque home to?

the home of a diverse ecosystem of plants and animals

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90

what kind of word is Yunque

Taino word

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91

what does yunque mean

white earth because the clouds cover the top of the mountains

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92

it is the only what kind of rain forest in the US

only tropical rain forest in the US forest system

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93

what is El coquí

it is a brown tree frog that is best known for the sound it makes

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94

what kind of call do they make

a maiden call. it attracts a mate or keeps other males away. the boy ones make the sound

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95

what did it unofficially become for Puerto Rico?

the unofficial mascot of Puerto Rico

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96

what is Flamenco Beach ranked as?

ranked as one of the top beaches in the world

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97

what island is it located on

it is on Culebra, not the "main island"

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98

what color sand and water does it have

white sand and blue water

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99

what is something about the waves?

it is practically waveless

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100

what kind of banana is a plantain?

a green starchy banana

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