Geology Exam 1 Review

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Which are trace gases in the atmosphere?

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52 Terms

1

Which are trace gases in the atmosphere?

Carbon Dioxide, Helium, Methane, Argon

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2

What is the approximate height of the atmosphere (or Troposphere)?

36000

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3

Which atmosphere has weather?

Troposphere

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4

Which atmosphere has a lot of ozone?

Stratosphere

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5

Which sphere takes most of the extra heat of the climate system?

Hydrosphere

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6

Given the following data, what’s the median? 7,12,5,9,20,20,1

9

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7

Given the following data, what’s the mode? 7,12,5,9,20,20,1

20

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8

Average human temperature is about 310K. At what wavelength range does human body’s radiation peak?

9.7 x 10^6 (Infrared)

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9

A newly discovered star has a temperature of 3000K. Earth’s temperature is 300K. Assume they both are blackbodies and follow the Stefan-Boltzmann’s law. The star’s total radiation is a factor of ______ larger than the Earth’s total radiation?

10,000 times bigger than Earth

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10

Over the earth as a whole, one would expect to observe the smallest variation in temperature from day to day and from month to month ______.

At an island near the equator

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11

Making communities more resistant to harmful impacts of climate change involves ______.

Adaptation

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12

Sustainability is the capability to meet needs of the ______ without compromising needs of future generations.

Present

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13

Of energy stored in the climate system between 1971 and 2010, ocean warming accounts for ______ of the total.

90%

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14

Earth is a(n) ______ system for energy and a ______ system for mass.

open, closed

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15

The average vertical temperature change with increasing altitude in the atmosphere or environmental lapse rate is about ______C per kilometer.

6.5 degrees per kilometer

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16

Satellite observations of ECVs involve ______.

Remote sensing

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17

Geostationary satellite orbits place then in relatively ______.

Consistent position with respect to Earth's surface

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18

Polar orbiting satellite typically have better resolution and clarity because they ______.

They are closer to Earth's surface than other satellites

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19

They are closer to Earth's surface than other satellites

Argo

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20

The oldest U.S. climate observing system is the ______ program.

The Cooperative Weather Observer Program (COOP)

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21

The range is a measure of the ______ of the smallest and largest values occurring.

Arithmetic difference

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22

The square root of the average of squared differences of each value from the mean is a measure of the dispersion of values of the variables and is called the ______.

Standard deviation

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23

In a Gaussian distribution, the ______ are at the center position of the distribution.

mean, median, mode

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24

The Koppen climate classification system is based on types of ______ related to temperature and precipitation amounts.

Vegetation

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25

Climate normal are ECV averages calculated from the ______.

Last 3 complete decades (1980-2020)

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26

List the following radiation types in order of increasing energy.

Ultraviolet, X-rays, and Gamma Rays

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27

If the temperature of a blackbody increases, its wavelength of most intense radiation would ______.

Decrease

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28

The albedo of a flat water surface ______ as the Sun rises higher in the sky.

Decreases

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29

Movements of warmer or colder fluid during convection result from differences in the fluid’s ______.

Density

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30

The lowest temperature of the day typically occurs ______ sunrise.

After

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31

Which atmosphere has oxygen?

Stratosphere

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32

Which of these radiation types has the most energy?

Ultraviolet

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33

As an apple falls down to Earth, what is happening to the moon?

Nothing will happen to the moon

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34

Why is it so hard to predict hurricane routes?

A variety of factors including wind speed, temperature, and climate

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35

Typhoon Hinnamnor, also known as Super Typhoon Henry was unique as it ______

Was the first super typhoon of the 2022 Pacific typhoon season

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36

How do habitable areas in North America change as the climate change?

Increase in temperature, higher levels of erosion, disasters being common

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37

What is the boundary of the climate change?

Top of the atmosphere

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38

What is the approximate height of the atmosphere?

100km

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39

Why is cryosphere important for climate?

The melting and/or freezing of land-based ice affects the sea level

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40

The two types of satellite orbits are ______ and ______

Geostationary and Polar

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41

Which network in the U.S is the most reliable one to detect climate change signals?

U.S Historical Climatology Network

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42

What is the GCOS Essential Climate variable for oceanic domain?

Sea-surface temperature

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43

What is not common for normal distribution?

No peak values exist, Two peak values existing

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44

GPS is a satellite-based geospatial location system that uses radio frequencies to provide geographic reference info. True/False

True

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45

GIS is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical data. True/False

True

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46

How long does CO2 remain in the atmosphere?

50-200 years

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47

Which of the following has the highest albedo?

Snow (Tundra)

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48

Total energy received at the top of the Earth's atmosphere is ______ the solar constant

1/4

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49

Which of the following is true regarding buoyancy?

Warm air rises, Cool air sinks

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50

In which of the following is heat released to the environment?

Condensation

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51

How many phases does water have?

3

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52

If water vapor comprises 3.5 percent of an air parcel who total pressure is 1000 mb, the water vapor pressure would be ______

35mb

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