Honors Civics - Vocabulary - Chapter 3: The Constitution

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32 Terms

1

constitution

a detailed, written plan for government

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2

bicameral

a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses

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3

confederation

a group of individuals or state governments

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4

ratify

to vote approval of

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5

convert

to change from one belief, form, or use to another

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6

area

a region or section

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7

impact

to influence or affect

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8

Constitutional Convention

meeting of state delegates in 1787 leading to adoption of new constitution

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9

Great Compromise

agreement providing a dual system of congressional representation

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10

Three-Fifths Compromise

agreement providing that enslaved persons would count as three-fifths of other persons in determining representation in Congress

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11

Electoral College

a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president

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12

Federalists

supporters of the Constitution

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13

federalism

a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states

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14

Anti-Federalists

those who opposed ratification of the Constitution

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15

process

an action or a series of actions directed toward a result

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16

despite

in spite of

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17

Preamble

the opening secition of the Constitution

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18

legislative branch

the lawmaking branch of government

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19

executive branch

the branch of government that carries out laws

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20

judicial branch

the branch of government that interprets laws

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21

amendment

any change in the Constitution

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22

consist

to be made up of

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23

assume

to take over a job or responsibility

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24

popular sovereignty

the notion that power lies with the people

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25

rule of law

principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern

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26

separation of powers

the split of authority among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches

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27

checks and balances

a system in which each branch is able to check, or restrain, the power of the others

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28

expressed powers

powers that Congress has that are specifically listed in the Constitution

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29

reserved powers

powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states

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30

concurrent powers

powers shared by the federal and state governments

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31

ensure

to secure or make sure

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32

assign

to dole out or give as a task

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