AP ENG IV VOCAB WEEK 2

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Decorum

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39 Terms
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Decorum

a character's speech that must be styled according to their social station, and in accordance with the occasion. (A princess speaking like a posh rich person in a delicate way)

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Diction, syntax

The author's choice of words is diction. Syntax is the way those words are ordered.

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dirge

a song or hymn of mourning composed or performed as a memorial to a dead person. Typically slow, heavy, and melancholic

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dissonance

The grating of incompatible sounds

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doggerel

A crude, simplistic verse, often in sing-song rhyme

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Dramatic Irony

When the audience knows something that the characters in the drama don't

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Dramatic Monologue

When a single speaker in literature says something to a silent audience

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elegy

a mournful poem; a lament for the dead

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elements

The basic techniques of each genre of literature (Short story: characters, plot, setting, theme, etc.)

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enjambment

the continuation of a syntactic unit from one line of verse into the next line without a pause

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Epic

A very long narrative poem on a serious theme in a dignified style. Typically deals with glorious or profound subject matter. (War, heroic journey, fall of man)

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epitaph

Lines that commemorate the dead at their burial place. Usually a line or handful of lines. Can be serious and religious or comedic and irrelevant.

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euphemism

A word or phrase that takes the place of a harsh, unpleasant, or impolite reality

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Euphony

When sounds blend harmoniously

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explicit

To say or write something directly and clearly

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Farce

In modern terms: Extremely broad humor In past terms: A funny play, a comedy

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Feminine Rhyme

Lines rhymed by their final two syllables (running and gunning). The penultimate syllables are stressed and the final ones are unstressed.

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First person narrator

Narrator who is a character in the story and tells the tale from their perspective.

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Foil

A secondary character whose purpose is to highlight the main character qualities, usually via contrast

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Foot

The basic rhythmic unit of a line of poetry. Formed by a combination of two or three syllables, either stressed or destressed.

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Foreshadowing

An event or statement that suggests a larger, more important event comes later.

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Free Verse

Poetry written without a regular rhyme scheme or metrical pattern

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Genre

A sub-category of literature. Science-Fiction and detective stories are fiction _____s.

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Gothic, gothic novel

The sensibility derived from gothic novels

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Hubris

the excessive pride or ambition that leads to a character's downfall

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hyperbole

exaggeration or deliberate overstatement

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Implicit

To say or write something that suggests and implies but never says it directly or clearly

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In media res

Latin for "in the midst of things". One of the conventions of epic poetry.

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interior monologue

Term used for novels and poetry, not dramatic literature. Refers to writing that records the mental talking that goes on inside a character's head. Related but not identical to stream of consciousness

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Inversion

Switching the customary order of elements in a sentence or phrase.

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Irony

A statement that means the opposite of what it seems to mean

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Lament

A poem of sadness or grief over the death of a loved one or over some other intense loss

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Lampoon

A satire

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Loose and periodic sentences

Loose: Complete before its end Periodic: Not grammatically complete until its end

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Lyric

A type of poetry that explores the poet's personal interpretation of and feelings about the world.

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Masculine Rhyme

A rhyme ending on the final stressed syllable

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Means, Meaning

Discovering what makes sense, what is important. There is literal and emotional meaning

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Melodrama

A form of cheesy theater in which the hero is very, very good, the villain is evil and rotten, and the heroine is true an pure.

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Metaphor and simile

Metaphor: Comparison or analogy that says one thing is another. Simile: A metaphor but simplifies thing by usually uses like or as

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