Cellular Respiration Study Cards

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oxygen and glucose

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1

oxygen and glucose

Name two reactants of cellular respiration.

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2

False

True or False: The Krebs Cycle is anaerobic

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3

the cytoplasm

Where in the cell does glycolysis occur?

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4

it is the site for ATP formation

Why is the mitochondria called the "powerhouse of the cell"?

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5

C6H12O6

What is the chemical formula for glucose?

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6

H2O & CO2

What is the chemical formula for water & carbon dioxide?

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7

matrix/internal fluid of the mitochondria

Where in the cell does the Krebs cycle occur?

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8

true

True or False: Fermentation is anaerobic

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9

alcohol & carbon dioxide

Yeast cells produce what products during fermentation?

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10

false

True or False: All organisms conduct photosynthesis & cellular respiration.

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11

mitochondria

Where does cellular respiration occur?

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12

carbon dioxide, water, and ATP

Name three products of respiration.

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13

False

True or False: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration occur in the same organelle.

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14

TRUE

True or False: Plants conduct cellular respiration.

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15

carbon dioxide

What gas is produced by cellular respiration?

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16

lactic acid fermentation

What type of anaerobic respiration occurs in muscles cells?

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17

membranes

In which structures are the proteins found that pass electrons in the chloroplast & mitochondria?

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18

carbon dioxide

How does weight/fat leave the body?

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19

bond between phosphates

Where is energy located in an ATP molecule?

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20

ATP synthase places a phosphate and ADP close together to form a bond

How is ATP formed?

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21

ATP-has three phosphate bonds... ADP only has two bonds

What contains more energy, ADP or ATP?

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22

true

True or False. During fermentation, the electron transport chain does not occur.

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23

aerobic

What produces more ATP...aerobic or anaerobic respiration?

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24

whenever glucose is available, with or without oxygen

When can Glycolysis occur?

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25

adenosine triphosphate

What does ATP stand for?

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26

energy is released

What happens when a chemical bond is broken (like ATP to ADP)

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27

lactic acid

If your muscles are sore, what compound do you know has built up in your muscles during fermentation?

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28

lactic acid and alcoholic

Name two types of fermentation.

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29

aerobic

What type of respiration would occur during your sleep?

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30

cellular respiration/aerobic respiration

The process that involves oxygen and breaks down glucose to release energy is?

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31

both take place in the mitochondria

Where in the cell does the Krebs cycle and electron transport chain occur?

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32

ATP, CO2, and H2O

Name the three products of cellular respiration.

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33

ATP synthase rotates and places phosphate and ADP close enough to bond together) (phosphorylation)

How does ATP synthase "build" ATP?

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34

NADH - it has taken on electrons

Which of the following molecules is the low energy NADH or NAD+?

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35

takes place in the cytoplasm

Where in the cell does glycolysis occur?

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36

energy is released... example ATP to ADP

What occurs when a high-energy chemical bond is broken?

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37

a build-up of a certain substance on one side of a membrane

What is a concentration gradient?

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38

H+ ions

What forms the concentration gradient during the electron transport chain in cellular respiration?

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39

ATP synthase

What is the name of the enzyme that joins ADP and a free phosphate (Pi) during the light reaction?

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40

Krebs Cycle

During which process of cellular respiration is carbon dioxide released from sugar?

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41

alcohol

Fermentation of yeast cells produces what product?

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42

inner membrane of mitochondria

Name where ATP Synthase in located cellular respiration.

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43

It is the final electron acceptor in the electron transport chain

Why is oxygen needed for aerobic respiration?

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44

glycolysis

Which process in eukaryotic cells will proceed normally whether oxygen (O2) is present or absent?

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45

glycolysis, krebs cycle, electron transport chain

Name the three stages of cellular respiration?

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46

To free up or recycle NAD+ so that glycolysis can continue to function

What is the overall purpose of anaerobic respiration (fermentation)?

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47

Electron transport chain

What stage of cell respiration creates the most ATP?

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48

anaerobic

Is glycolysis aerobic or anaerobic?

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49

aerobic

Is the Krebs cycle amd ETC aerobic or anaerobic?

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