Chapter 18 American Stories

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Lodes

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Tags and Description

History

41 Terms

1

Lodes

Large deposits (of gold/silver)

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2

Placer mining

A system of mining in which individuals miners find gold nuggets in river beds, usually by planning

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3

Hydraulic mining

A system of mining in which pressurized water is used to remove top soil and gravel, which are then pressured to draw out precious metals

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4

Entrepreneurs

A person who starts, manages, and is responsible for a business

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5

Posses

Groups organized by a sheriff to hunt down criminals or fugitives

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6

Ghost towns

An abandoned town that have fallen into ruin

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7

Cattle drives

The process of moving a herd of cows and steers from one place to another usually from ranch to railroad hub

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8

Stockyards

An enormous outdoor area where animals are penned until they can be slaughtered

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9

Exodusters

African Americans who headed to Kansas for a new life

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10

Prairie

Vast area of flat land covered with tall plants

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11

Bonanza farms

An enormous farm established by an investor who runs it for profit

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12

Migrant Workers

Laborers who moved from one farm to another as needed

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13

Surplus

Excess of wheat

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14

McGuffey Readers

A common textbook that most students back in the 19th century used in schools

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15

Recession

When crop prices fell during an economic downturn (economic distress)

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16

Creditors

People from whom they had borrowed money

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17

Grange

An organization that brought farm families together, addressed farmers economic issues, and encouraged advancements in agriculture

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18

Cooperatives

Groups of farmers who pooled their money to buy the products and services they needed

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19

Farmers Alliance

An organization similar to Grange (just more political)

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20

Populist Party

Aimed to give farmers the equipment politician status of business people and industries

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21

Populist

Claims to represent the concerns of ordinary people

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22

Industrialists

People who own and run industries

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23

Gold Standard

A policy requiring that the government could only print an amount of money equal to the total value of its gold reserves

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24

Free silver movement

A late 19th century economic movement that promoted a monetary system based on silver in addition to gold

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25

William McKinley

Republican nominee who supported the gold standard

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26

William Jennings Bryan

Democrat(ic nominee?) who was pro silver. Ran for the democratic party presidential candidate in 1896

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27

Reservations

Specific areas of land that were set aside the great plans (By president Grant)

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28

Sand Creek Massacre

200 unarmed native american were killed and mutilated by colonel John Chirington and his troops

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29

Black Hills

A region part of the Lakota reservation in the 1870’s when a government survey found fold there.

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30

Colonel George A. Custer

led an attack in the battle of the little bighorn with 210 men

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31

Battle of the little Bighorn

A battle that the native Americans won but it was short lived sine more U.S. troops came

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32

Long walk

A long journey where hundreds of people died along the route

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33

Chief Joseph

Led the Nezperce and he refused to move onto a reservation. He led his band of bout 100 people toward Canada to live free lives outside the reservation system

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34

Cochise

An Apache (leader)

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35

Geronimo

Apache leader from New mexico

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36

Ghost dance

A religion that included rituals believed to make white settlers disappear

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37

Sitting bull

Was killed as he was taken into custody

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38

Wounded knee massacre

Last major violent confrontation between native Americans and the U.S. army in the 19th century

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39

Americanization

The act of teaching Native Americans the culture and language of the United States

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40

Dawes General allotment act

Divided reservations into specific sections of the land for each Native American family

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41

Bureau of Indian affairs

Supposed to manage reservations to benefit the tribes

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