Bio Quiz 4.1 & 4.2

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Chemical Energy

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Biology

9th

27 Terms

1

Chemical Energy

What type of energy is in food?

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2

Adenine, a ribose sugar, and 3 phosphates

ATP is composed of

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3

Bonds between phosphate

Where is ATP energy stored?

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4

ADP

When ATP loses its 3rd phosphate group, it becomes

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5

Breaking down carbon-based molecules

How do organisms form energy to produce ATP?

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6

36

Carbohydrates (glucose) yield ___ molecules of ATP

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7

146

Lipids yield ___ molecules of ATP

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8

36

Proteins yield ___ molecules of ATP

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9

Carbohydrates

The carbon-based molecule most likely to be broken down

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10

Lipids

The carbon-based molecule that is stored for energy

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11

Proteins

The carbon-based molecule which is not likely to be broken down for energy

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12

Chemosynthesis

Deep-sea organisms use this to get energy instead of photosynthesis

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13

Producers

Organisms which make their own food

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14

Chloroplasts

The organelles photosynthesis occurs in

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15

Thylakoids

The part of the chloroplasts where light-dependent reactions occur

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16

Grana

Stacks of thylakoids

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17

Stroma

The part of the chloroplasts where light-independent reactions occur

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18

Stroma

The liquid within the chloroplast

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19

Chlorophyll

The pigment used in the chloroplast to capture sunlight

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20

Red & blue

Chlorophyll absorbs these wavelenghts

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21

Reflect

Chloroplasts ____ green light

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22

H2O + CO2 + sunlight > C6H12O6 + O2

Equation for photosynthesis

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23

Chlorophyll A & B

What are the 2 types of clorophyll?

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24

Thylakoid membrane

Where is chlorophyll found?

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25

Leaf

Most chloroplasts are in this part of the plant

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26

ATP

The molecule cells use for energy

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27

Chemical energy and a phosphate

What is added to ADP to form ATP?

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