Rubenstein Ch. 4 (Global/Local Culture)

studied byStudied by 35 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

acculturation

1 / 26

Tags & Description

Studying Progress

0%
New cards
27
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
27 Terms
1
New cards

acculturation

when an individual or less dominant culture adopts some of the traits of a more dominant culture

New cards
2
New cards

artifacts

concrete (material) human creations that reflect values, beliefs, and behaviors

New cards
3
New cards

assimilation

the dominant culture completely absorbs a less dominant culture whereby the immigrants lose their native customs, including religion and language

New cards
4
New cards

contagious diffusion

the rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population

New cards
5
New cards

cultural diffusion

the expansion and adoption of a cultural element, from its place of origin to a wider area

New cards
6
New cards

cultural landscape

the modification of natural landscape by human activities

New cards
7
New cards

culture complex

the group of traits that define a particular culture

New cards
8
New cards

culture hearth

the areas where civilizations first began and subsequently radiated the customs, innovations, and ideologies that culturally transformed the world

New cards
9
New cards

culture region

a region defined by similar culture traits and cultural landscape features

New cards
10
New cards

culture trait

the specific customs that are part of the everyday life of a particular culture, such as language, religion, ethnicity, social institutions, and aspects of popular culture

New cards
11
New cards

custom

a repetitive act of a group, performed to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group

New cards
12
New cards

environmental determinism

the emphasis that the physical environment, especially the climate and terrain, actively shapes cultures, so that human responses are completely molded by the environment

New cards
13
New cards

ethnocentrism

is the practice of judging another culture by the standards one's own culture

New cards
14
New cards

expansion diffusion

the spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process

New cards
15
New cards

folk culture

Folk culture is cultural traits such as dress modes, dwellings, customs, and institutions of usually small, traditional communities traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups

New cards
16
New cards

habit

a repetitive act that a particular individual performs

New cards
17
New cards

hierarchical diffusion

the spread of an idea, innovation, or trend from and important node or person of authority or power to other persons or places of less significance

New cards
18
New cards

material culture

the art, housing, clothing, sports, dances, foods, and other similar items constructed or created by a group of people

New cards
19
New cards

non-material culture

the beliefs practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of people

New cards
20
New cards

popular culture

pop culture is cultural traits such as dress, diet and music that identify and are part of today's changeable, urban-based, media-influenced western societies found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics

New cards
21
New cards

possibilism

the belief that cultural heritage is at least as important as the physical environment in shaping human behavior

New cards
22
New cards

relocation diffusion/ migrant diffusion

the spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another

New cards
23
New cards

stimulus diffusion

the spread of an underlying idea, innovation, or principle even though a specific object fails to diffuse or a specific characteristic is rejected

New cards
24
New cards

taboo

A restriction on a behavior imposed by a social custom

New cards
25
New cards

terroir

the sum of the effects of the local environment on a particular food item; the contribution of a location's distinctive physical features to the way food tastes

New cards
26
New cards

uniform landscape

the spatial expression of a popular custom in one location that will be similar to another

New cards
27
New cards

Maladaptive diffusion

Diffusion of a process with negative side effects, what works well in one region may not in another

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 47701 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(537)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 25 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard51 terms
studied byStudied by 497 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(16)
flashcards Flashcard35 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard121 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard312 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard155 terms
studied byStudied by 55 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard35 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard52 terms
studied byStudied by 36 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(4)