MedTerm.Ch.5-Cardiovascular System

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ACE inhibitor

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Medicine

10th

55 Terms

1

ACE inhibitor

medication administered to treat hypertension and congestive heart failure

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2

Anemia

a disorder characterized by lower than normal levels of red blood cells in the blood

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3

aneurysm

a localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery

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4

Angina

episodes of severe chest pain due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium

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5

Angioplasty

mechanically widening a narrowed or obstructed blood vessel

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6

anticoagulant

medication that slows coagulation and prevents new clots from forming

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7

Aorta

The large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries the largest blood vessel in the body.

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8

aortic stenosis

also known as aortic valve stenosis, is a buildup of calcium and fat deposits in the aortic valve

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9

arrhythmia

a loss of the normal rhythm of the heartbeat

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10

atherectomy

he surgical removal of plaque buildup from the interior of an artery

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11

Atherosclerosis

hardening and narrowing of the arteries due to a buildup of cholesterol plaque

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12

automated external defibrillator

(AED) electronic equipment that externally shocks the heart to restore a normal cardiac rhythm

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13

Atrial fibrillation

rapid uncontrolled twitching of the muscular wall of the atria

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14

beta-blocker

medication administered to reduce the workload of the heart by slowing the rate of the heartbeat

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15

Bradycardia

an abnormally slow resting heart rate, usually at a rate of less than 60 beats per minute

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16

capillaries

only one epithelial cell in thickness, are the smallest blood vessels in the body

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17

Cardiac arrest

an event in which the heart abruptly stops beating or develops an arrhythmia that prevents it from pumping blood effectively

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18

Cardiac catheterization

a diagnostic and treatment procedure in which a catheter is passed into a vein or artery and guided into the heart

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19

Cardiomyopathy

all diseases of the heart muscle

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20

carotid endarterectomy

surgical removal of the lining of a portion of a clogged carotid artery

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21

Cholesterol

a fatty substance that travels through the blood and is found in all parts of the body

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22

Chronic venous insufficiency

a condition in which venous circulation is inadequate due to partial vein blockage or leakage of venous valves

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23

Coronary artery disease

atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries that reduces the blood supply to the heart muscle

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24

coronary thrombosis

damage to the heart muscle caused by a thrombus blocking a coronary artery

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25

Defibrillation

the emergency use of electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm

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26

diastole

the period of relaxation that follows as the chambers refill with blood. This is also referred to as the diastolic phase

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27

diuretic

medication administered to increase urine secretion to rid the body of excess salt and water

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28

electrocardiogram

a record of the electrical activity of the myocardium

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29

electrophysiologist

a doctor specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of heart arrhythmias.

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30

embolism

the sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus

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31

embolus

a foreign object, such as a blood clot, a quantity of air or gas, or a bit of tissue or tumor, that is circulating in the blood

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32

Endocarditis

inflammation of the inner lining of the heart

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33

Erythrocytes

a blood test based on the speed with which the red blood cells separate from the plasma and settle to the bottom of a specialized test tube

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34

heart murmur

an abnormal sound of the heart; sometimes a sign of abnormal function of the heart valves

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35

Hemostasis

to stop or control bleeding

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36

hemoglobin

The oxygen-carrying blood protein pigment of the erythrocytes

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37

hypoperfusion

a deficiency of blood passing through an organ or body part

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38

ischemia

a condition in which there is an insufficient supply of oxygen in the tissues due to restricted blood flow to a part of the body

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39

long QT syndrome

(LQTS) is an inherited or medically acquired heart rhythm disorder that can cause fast, chaotic, and potentially dangerous arrhythmias

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40

Mitral valve prolapse

the backward leaking of blood that occurs when the mitral valve does not close tightly

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41

myocardial infarction

the occlusion of one or more coronary arteries caused by plaque buildup

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42

Orthostatic hypotension

low blood pressure that occurs upon standing up

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43

pericardium

The double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart

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44

Peripheral Artery Disease

(LQTS) is an inherited or medically acquired heart rhythm disorder that can cause fast, chaotic, and potentially dangerous arrhythmias.

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45

Phlebitis

inflammation of a vein

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46

Raynaud's disease

a peripheral arterial occlusive disease in which intermittent attacks are triggered by cold or stress

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47

sinoatrial node

(SA) node is located in the posterior wall of the right atrium near the entrance of the superior vena cava

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48

Tachycardia

an abnormally rapid resting heartbeat usually at a rate of more than 100 beats per minute

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49

Temporal arteritis

inflammation of the temporal arteries that can cause headache, visual impairment, or other symptoms

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50

thallium stress test

nuclear imaging test performed to evaluate blood flow to the heart during exercise

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51

thrombolytic

medication that dissolves or causes a thrombus to break up

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52

thrombosis

the abnormal condition of having a thrombus

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53

thrombotic occlusion

the blocking of an artery by a thrombus

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54

thrombus

a blood clot attached to the interior wall of an artery or vein

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55

Venous thromboembolism

a blood clot that originates in a vein

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