Pharmacology Ch. 11 Review

studied byStudied by 38 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint
  1. Hypertension is characterized by an increase in ________.

1 / 93

Tags & Description

Studying Progress

0%
New cards
94
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
94 Terms
1
New cards
  1. Hypertension is characterized by an increase in ________.

the systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure

New cards
2
New cards
  1. Which category of drugs promotes the excretion of sodium and water in the urine to lower the blood pressure?

diuretic drugs

New cards
3
New cards
  1. If the serum cholesterol level is too high, bile acid sequestrant drugs ________.

bind with bile to form an insoluble complex that is excreted in the feces

New cards
4
New cards
  1. Nitrate drugs ________.

dilate the coronary arteries and increase the flow of oxygenated blood to the heart muscle

New cards
5
New cards
  1. To decrease the pain of angina pectoris, beta-blocker drugs ________.

decrease the heart rate, which decreases the myocardium's need for oxygen

New cards
6
New cards
  1. When the drug atropine is used to treat bradycardia, its action is to ________.

block acetylcholine receptors in the heart so that the heart rate increases

New cards
7
New cards
  1. Beta-blocker drugs used to treat hypertension block all beta receptors in the heart and keep them from binding to ________.

epinephrine

New cards
8
New cards
  1. ________ drugs relax smooth muscle in the walls of the arteries, cause the arteries to dilate, and are used to treat hypertension.

Peripheral vasodilator

New cards
9
New cards
  1. Calcium channel blocker drugs block the movement of calcium ions into the heart muscle and smooth muscles in the blood vessels. This results in all of the following, EXCEPT ________.

lowering the cholesterol level

New cards
10
New cards
  1. In addition to being used to treat hypertension and angina pectoris, the beta-blocker drug propranolol (Inderal) is also used to do all of the following, EXCEPT ________.

treat digitalis drug toxicity

New cards
11
New cards
  1. All of these substances are part of the body's own natural blood pressure-regulating system, EXCEPT ________.

triglycerides

New cards
12
New cards
  1. James Raucher has had asthma since he was a child. When he turned 60, he also developed hypertension. His physician prescribed a cardioselective beta-blocker drug to treat his hypertension because cardioselective beta-blocker drugs ________.

are better than other beta-blocker drugs in keeping the bronchi open and treating patients with hypertension and lung disease

New cards
13
New cards
  1. Which of the following statements is FALSE?

The two trade names of digoxin are Lopid and Lanoxin.

New cards
14
New cards
  1. The ending ________ is common to generic beta-blocker drugs.

-olol

New cards
15
New cards
  1. Which of the following is a digitalis drug used to treat congestive heart failure?

digoxin (Lanoxin)

New cards
16
New cards
  1. What is the trade name of the generic beta-blocker drug propranolol?

Inderal

New cards
17
New cards
  1. The generic drug used to treat congestive heart failure is ________.

digoxin

New cards
18
New cards
  1. All of the following are trade name calcium channel blocker drugs, EXCEPT ________.

Xylocaine

New cards
19
New cards
  1. All of the following trade name drugs are used to treat an elevated level of cholesterol, EXCEPT ________.

Lanoxin

New cards
20
New cards
  1. The trade names for nitroglycerin include all of the following, EXCEPT ________.

Zocor

New cards
21
New cards
  1. An elevated level of cholesterol in the blood can be due to ________.

all of the above

New cards
22
New cards
  1. Nitroglycerin is available in all of the following drug forms, EXCEPT ________.

inhaled powder

New cards
23
New cards
  1. All of the following are beta-blocker drugs, EXCEPT ________.

hydralazine (Apresoline)

New cards
24
New cards
  1. An elevated level of triglycerides can be caused by all of the following, EXCEPT ________.

excessive dietary intake of meat

New cards
25
New cards
  1. The trade name for the antiarrhythmic generic drug lidocaine is ________.

Xylocaine

New cards
26
New cards
  1. Which of the following drugs is NOT an ACE inhibitor drug used to treat hypertension?

telmisartan (Micardis)

New cards
27
New cards
  1. Types of cardiac arrhythmias include all of the following, EXCEPT ________

hyperlipidemia

New cards
28
New cards
  1. Which of the following statements is TRUE concerning digitalis drugs?

all of the above

New cards
29
New cards
  1. Symptoms of digitalis toxicity include all of the following, EXCEPT ________.

a myocardial infarction

New cards
30
New cards
  1. All of the following trade name drugs are used to treat an elevated level of cholesterol, EXCEPT ________.

Lopressor

New cards
31
New cards
  1. Which of the following does NOT belong to the drug category of calcium channel blockers?

prazosin (Minipress)

New cards
32
New cards
  1. How are symptoms of digitalis toxicity treated?

all of the above

New cards
33
New cards
  1. ________ drugs are also known as "statin drugs."

HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor drugs

New cards
34
New cards
  1. Drugs used to treat angina pectoris include all of the following, EXCEPT ________.

antiarrhythmic drugs

New cards
35
New cards
  1. Suzi Choi is a professional golfer. She takes a beta-blocker drug to help ease the performance anxiety she feels when she has to play in front of large crowds or in a televised golf tournament. The beta-blocker drug relieves all of the following symptoms, EXCEPT ________.

arrhythmias

New cards
36
New cards
  1. Very low-density lipoproteins carry ________ in the blood.

triglycerides

New cards
37
New cards
  1. Which of the following is a combination drug that contains two drugs that both lower the serum cholesterol level?

Vytorin

New cards
38
New cards
  1. All of the following categories of drugs are used to treat congestive heart failure, EXCEPT ________.

"statin drugs"

New cards
39
New cards
  1. HDL, LDL, and VLDL are ________.

types of lipoproteins, carrier molecules or A and B

New cards
40
New cards
  1. Lifestyle changes are the first treatment recommended for which of the following diseases?

hypertension, hyperlipidemia or B and C

New cards
41
New cards
  1. The well-known generic name drug rosuvastatin that is used to treat hypercholesterolemia is related to the trade name drug ________.

Crestor

New cards
42
New cards
  1. Over-the-counter, low-dose, 81-mg tablets of this anticoagulant drug are taken daily by patients with heart disease who have had a heart attack or stroke.

aspirin

New cards
43
New cards

(T/F) Hyperlipidemia is a category that includes both hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia.

True

New cards
44
New cards

(T/F) HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor drugs block HMG-CoA reductase, an enzyme that is involved in the production of cholesterol in the body.

True

New cards
45
New cards

(T/F) A high level of HDL is undesirable

False

New cards
46
New cards

(T/F) By blocking an enzyme, ACE inhibitor drugs cause blood vessels to dilate, and this decreases the blood pressure.

True

New cards
47
New cards

(T/F) In patients with angina pectoris, anticoagulant drugs and thrombin inhibitor drugs are prescribed to prevent a blood clot that would cause a myocardial infarction.

True

New cards
48
New cards

(T/F) Drugs that are used to treat ventricular fibrillation are also used when the heart has already stopped beating (cardiac arrest).

False

New cards
49
New cards

(T/F) Alcoholic beverages contain sugar that is converted into triglycerides by the body.

True

New cards
50
New cards

Digitalis drugs have a positive inotropic effect in treating congestive heart failure because they cause a stronger, more forceful contraction of the heart muscle cells.

True

New cards
51
New cards

The pain of angina pectoris occurs when heart muscle cells die.

False

New cards
52
New cards

(T/F) All beta receptors are stimulated by the hormone epinephrine in response to stress or danger.

True

New cards
53
New cards

In 1967 when it was approved by the FDA, propranolol became the first drug in the beta-blocker category.

True

New cards
54
New cards

(T/F) After a myocardial infarction, drugs can be given to improve heart function and reverse the cells that have died.

False

New cards
55
New cards

(T/F) Chris Zanzone has just discovered that he has hyperlipidemia. Drug therapy, not lifestyle changes, is the first choice of treatment for hyperlipidemia.

False

New cards
56
New cards

(T/F) The suffix -sartan is common to generic angiotensin II receptor blocker drugs.

True

New cards
57
New cards

(T/F) Alpha-1-blocker drugs are used to treat hypertension because they block alpha1 receptors located in the arteries and veins.

True

New cards
58
New cards

(T/F) HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor drugs are used to treat hypercholesterolemia.

True

New cards
59
New cards

Digitalis drugs often causes toxicity because they have a short half-life.

False

New cards
60
New cards

(T/F) Oatmeal in the diet is an effective way to reduce the cholesterol level of the blood.

True

New cards
61
New cards

(T/F) Nesiritide (Natrecor), a drug used to treat congestive heart failure, is manufactured from E. coli bacteria, using recombinant DNA technology.

True

New cards
62
New cards

(T/F) Bile acid sequestrant drugs are used to treat the pain of angina pectoris.

False

New cards
63
New cards

(T/F) Inderide is a combination drug that contains the beta-blocker drug propranolol and the diuretic drug hydrochlorothiazide.

True

New cards
64
New cards

(T/F) The American Heart Association recommends eating fish and taking fish oil supplements that contain omega-3 fatty acids to reduce cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

False

New cards
65
New cards

(T/F) Normal blood pressure is defined as 120/80 mm Hg.

True

New cards
66
New cards

(T/F) All generic HCG-CoA reductase inhibitor drugs have a common ending of -statin.

True

New cards
67
New cards

(T/F) Oatmeal can lower the cholesterol in the blood because its oat fiber binds to bile and keeps it from being reabsorbed into the blood.

True

New cards
68
New cards

The abbreviation HTN stands for ________.

Hypertension

New cards
69
New cards

Diuretic drugs used to treat hypertension do this by promoting the excretion of ________ and water in the urine, which lowers the blood pressure.

sodium

New cards
70
New cards

To be transported through the blood, cholesterol and triglycerides must bind to certain carrier molecules, which are known as ________.

Lipoproteins

New cards
71
New cards

________ drugs are also known as cardiac glycoside drugs because they have a molecular structure that consists of chains of glucose sugar known as glycosides.

Digitalis

New cards
72
New cards

________ is the most frequently prescribed nitrate drug used to treat angina pectoris.

nitroglycerin

New cards
73
New cards

The generic drug used to treat ventricular fibrillation and that is also used as an anesthetic drug is known as lidocaine and its trade name is ________.

Xylocaine

New cards
74
New cards

Hypertension is caused by arteriosclerosis or kidney failure, but ________ hypertension has no identifiable cause.

Essential

New cards
75
New cards

Beta receptors located in the ________ are designated as beta1 receptors.

heart

New cards
76
New cards

Combination drugs used to treat hypertension often contain the diuretic drug hydrochlorothiazide, and this is shown because the trade name of the drug contains the abbreviation __________.

HCT

New cards
77
New cards

Cholesterol is produced by the ________ and also comes from dietary intake from foods.

Liver

New cards
78
New cards

Digoxin immune Fab, which is used to treat digitalis toxicity, is an antigen-binding fragment drug obtained from ________ that have been treated to produce antibodies against the molecular structure of the drug digoxin.

Sheep

New cards
79
New cards

The peripheral vasodilator drug minoxidil is used to treat hypertension, but it is also used topically under the trade name Rogaine to treat ________.

Thinning hair and baldness

New cards
80
New cards

The abbreviation HTN stands for ________.

Hypertension

New cards
81
New cards

The abbreviation ACE stands for ________.

angiotensin-converting enzyme

New cards
82
New cards

The phrase stepped-care approach is related to the treatment of __________.

Hypertension

New cards
83
New cards

The well-known generic beta-blocker drug propranolol is related to the trade name drug ________.

Inderal

New cards
84
New cards

The phrase "statin drugs" brings to mind the category of drugs used to treat high _______.

Cholesterol

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 27 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1223 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(8)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 241 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 24 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10520 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(79)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard70 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard87 terms
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard59 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 55 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard92 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard79 terms
studied byStudied by 84 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)