CRJ Final

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True or false: A defendant has the right to waive their jury trial.

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True or false: A defendant has the right to waive their jury trial.

True

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What must happen before a trial?

Judge must charge the jury

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3
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Which misdemeanor classification doesn't require a jury trial?

B or below

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4
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True or false: The majority of jurors can vote to convict a criminal.

False, must be unanimous

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Juries in felony cases = ___ members

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6
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Juries in misdemeanor cases = ___ members

12, 6

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________ ________ cases are decided by the jury.

Death Penalty

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What are the purposes of prison?

deterrence, punishment, rehabilitation, retribution, restoration

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What are the four classifications of mens rea?

Intentional, knowing, reckless, criminally negligent

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The first ten amendments to the Constitution are known as the _______ ___ ________.

bill of rights

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This case made abortion federally legal.

Roe v. Wade

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This case turned abortion rights over to the states.

Jackson v. Mississippi

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This case established the 5th amendment (right not to self-incriminate) in modern times.

Miranda v. Arizona

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This case established the Exclusionary Rule (federally)

Weeks case

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This case established the Exclusionary Rule on a state-by-state basis

Mapp v. Ohio

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This law prohibits the use of illegally obtained evidence in a criminal trial.

Exclusionary Rule

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This case established a precedent for investigatory stops (stop & frisk, etc)

Terry v. Ohio

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This case established a fair playing field for defendants with a chance of vindication.

Brady v. Maryland

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Evidence that goes towards negating the defendant's guilt (exculpatory material) is known as _______ ___________.

Brady Material

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What are some exceptions to the 4th amendment?

roadblocks, plain view doctrine, exigent circumstances, arrest

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When do Miranda Rights apply?

custodial interrogation

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This term applies to the illegal search and seizure of non-tangible information.

eavesdropping

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What is the "structure" of the federal court system?

District court, circuit court of appeals, supreme court

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What is the "structure" of the New York court system?

supreme court, appellate division, court of appeals

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All the evidence stemming from an illegal search is not admissible in court.

fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine

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What are the two sources of law?

written law (statutes), judicial opinion (precedents)

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What are the main components of the criminal justice system?

police, courts, prisons

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Juries are _____________ when they are forced to stay at a hotel with no outside contact.

sequestered

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True or false: you can be charged twice for the same crime.

False

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What is double jeopardy?

Being tried twice for the same crime

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True or false: double jeopardy applies to criminal AND civil cases alike.

false

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Does the 4th amendment apply to private citizens?

No, police and informants only

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This amendment protects the freedom of speech

1st

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This amendment forms the basis of the "Exclusionary Rule".

4th

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This amendment gives defendants the right against self-incrimination.

5th

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This amendment includes the right to a jury trial, the right to know the charges against you, and the right to have the assistance of a lawyer.

6th

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What is the broken windows theory?

impoverished areas attract crime

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True or false: The FBI keeps data samples for unsolved crimes.

true

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What is the sole exception to double jeopardy?

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Hint: OJ Simpson had to pay civil damages

federal sovereignty

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What is the primary difference between criminal and civil cases?

beyond a reasonable doubt vs. prepondarence

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consecutive vs concurrent sentences

back-to-back vs. simultaneous

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True or False: Federal plea bargains are common.

False, state plea bargains are common

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True or False: If convicted, felony charges always result in jail time.

false

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You need a ___________ _______________ or ____________ _______________ before prosecuting at trial.

sworn statement, witness testimony

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What is due process of law?

fair and equitable treatment

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True or false: case law (judicial opinion) impacts sentencing.

false

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Difference between robbery and larceny

threat of violence

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How are state and federal cases written out?

People of state of New York vs.

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United States vs.

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