History Exam (dont only study with this)

studied byStudied by 35 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

Middle Passage

1 / 74

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

75 Terms

1

Middle Passage

The voyage of enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to the 'New World' as part of the triangular trade.

New cards
2

Harem

The property where the Sultan's wives lived, secluded from public duties and unable to leave.

New cards
3

Rationalism

The belief that knowledge is primarily based on reason and logical thinking.

New cards
4

Cosmopolitanism

The idea that all human beings are members of a single community and have obligations to others.

New cards
5

Empires

Powerful states that conquer and rule over large territories and diverse populations.

New cards
6

Serfdom

The condition of debt bondage and indentured servitude that many peasants lived under during feudalism.

New cards
7

Mehmet II

The Ottoman Sultan who expanded the empire and conquered Constantinople.

New cards
8

Nur Jahan

The influential Mughal queen who was considered the real power behind the throne.

New cards
9

Aurangzeb

The Mughal Emperor who expanded the empire to its greatest extent and ruled with strict Islamic policies.

New cards
10

95 Theses

Martin Luther's list of grievances against the Catholic Church, sparking the Protestant Reformation.

New cards
11

Flat World

Friedman’s idea that technology is leveling the playing field in terms of access to knowledge and power

New cards
12

Tribalism

The state of being organized into tribes and caring only about things that affect oneself.

New cards
13

Nationalism

Loyalty and devotion to one's nation, prioritizing its culture and interests over others.

New cards
14

Outsourcing

The practice of sending jobs to other countries with lower labor costs.

New cards
15

Teotihuacan

An ancient Mesoamerican city where the Aztecs lived.

New cards
16

Aztec

A civilization in central Mexico known for its human sacrifice and complex centralized government.

New cards
17

Inca

An empire in Peru known for its sophisticated road system, architectural achievements, and great wealth.

New cards
18

Maya

A civilization in Southeast Mexico known for its calendar, architecture and location.

New cards
19

Russian

The empire that expanded into the Balkans and had a distinct culture and ruling dynasty.

New cards
20

Qing Dynasty

A Manchurian dynasty in China known for its distinctive clothing, hairstyles, and adoption of Confucian values.

New cards
21

Mercantilism

A nationalist economic policy that aims to maximize exports and accumulate resources within a country.

New cards
22

Encomienda

A labor system imposed by Spanish conquests that forced indigenous people to work under harsh conditions.

New cards
23

Gun slave cycle

The cycle in which Africans were compelled to trade slaves in order to obtain necessary military technology for defense.

New cards
24

Mestizo

A person of mixed white and indigenous descent, occupying a middle position in society.

New cards
25

Kievan Rus

The first eastern Slavic state founded by the Viking Oleg.

New cards
26

Silver Trade

The first global trade network dominated by the exchange of silver between Asia, Europe, and the Americas. (Especially in China because they switched from paper money to silver and were in high demand)

New cards
27

The Mandate of Heaven

The belief in ancient China that there was only one legitimate ruler chosen by the gods.

New cards
28

Devshirme

Forced labor in the Ottoman Empire that recruited Christian boys for military service and social advancement.

New cards
29

Hernan Cortez

The Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec Empire through strategic tactics and alliances.

New cards
30

Moctezuma

The Aztec Emperor who mistook Hernan Cortez as a god and was captured by him.

New cards
31

Suleiman the Magnificent

The longest ruling Sultan of the Ottoman Empire known for his law-giving and large population under his rule.

New cards
32

Peter the Great

The Russian Emperor who modernized and westernized Russia during his reign.

New cards
33

Catherine the Great

The powerful empress of Russia known for her territorial expansions, Westernization of Russia, educational reforms, and patronage of the arts.

New cards
34

Akbar the Great

The Mughal Emperor of India known for his religious tolerance, military strength, and inclusive policies.

New cards
35

Printing press

An invention that revolutionized the spread of knowledge and ideas during the Renaissance.

New cards
36

Humanism

A philosophical stance that was made more popular during Renaissance, emphasizes the potential and agency of human beings and their moral and intellectual development.

New cards
37

Heliocentrism/geocentrism

The debate between the belief that the sun or the earth is the center of the universe.

New cards
38

Indulgences

Pardons for sins granted by the Catholic Church, which became a subject of criticism during the Protestant Reformation.

New cards
39

Protestant Reformation

A religious movement that challenged the authority of the Catholic Church and led to the creation of Protestant denominations.

New cards
40

Counter Reformation

The Catholic Church's response to the Protestant Reformation, emphasizing the authority of the pope and promoting religious art.

New cards
41

Council of Trent

An ecumenical (between different Christian Churches) council of the Catholic Church held in Trent, Italy, to address the issues raised by the Protestant Reformation. 1545-1563

New cards
42

Calvinism

A form of Reformed Christianity created by John Calvin that emphasizes predestination and the sovereignty of God.

New cards
43

Empiricism

The idea that knowledge comes from sensory experiences and observations.

New cards
44

Deism

The belief made during the Enlightenment that a non-interventionist God created the universe but does not interfere in human affairs.

New cards
45

Leonardo Da Vinci

A renowned artist, scientist, and inventor of the Renaissance period. Painted Mona Lisa and was famous for Virtruvian Man problem

New cards
46

Michelangelo

A famous Italian artist and sculptor known for his masterpieces such as the Sistine Chapel ceiling and the statue of David.

New cards
47

Raphael

An Italian painter and architect known for his exquisite paintings and contributions to Renaissance art.

New cards
48

Nicolaus Copernicus

A Polish astronomer who proposed the heliocentric model of the solar system.

New cards
49

Galileo Galilei

An Italian astronomer and physicist who made significant contributions to the development of modern science. Also vouched for Copernicus’ belief of Geocentrism.

New cards
50

Johannes Kepler

A German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer known for his laws of planetary motion.

New cards
51

Isaac Newton

An English mathematician, physicist, and astronomer who formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation during the scientific revolution.

New cards
52

René Descartes

A French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist known for his contributions to rationalism and Cartesian coordinate system.

New cards
53

Voltaire

A French Enlightenment writer and philosopher known for his belief that religious intolerance was against laws of nature and creation of “Deism”. (absolutely hated the Catholic church)

New cards
54

John Locke

Democrat, believed humans are inherently neutral people when they’re born, and their experiences define who they are.

New cards
55

Thomas Hobbes

An Authoritarian English philosopher who believed that humans will destroy each other in the absence of authority

New cards
56

Jahangir

Son of Akbar, was a good leader but had a drug problem so his wife (Nur Jahan) took over his thrown

New cards
57

Confucianism

Philosophy emphasizing moral values and social harmony. Teaches respect for elders, loyalty, and righteousness. Stresses the importance of education, self-cultivation, and ethical behavior in creating a harmonious society.

New cards
58

Mughal Empire

  • Ruled South Asia from 1526 to 1857

  • Founded by Babur, a Central Asian conqueror

  • Known for religious tolerance and cultural achievements

  • Taj Mahal, a famous monument, was built during this period

New cards
59

Ottoman Empire

Ruled over Balkans in southeastern Europe across Anatolia, Central Asia, Arabia, and North Africa. Known for its military strength, administrative efficiency, and cultural diversity. Ruled by sultans, it reached its peak under Suleiman the Magnificent. Was muslim.

New cards
60

Bartolome de Las Casas

  • Spanish Dominican friar

  • Advocate for indigenous rights

  • Fought against colonization

  • Criticized mistreatment of Native Americans

New cards
61

Renaissance

When: 1400-1600

Where: Italy Significance: Cultural and intellectual movement

Key Features: Revival of art, literature, and science Impact: Transition from medieval to modern period

New cards
62

Fall of Constantinople

1453

New cards
63

“Discovery” of America by Columbus

1492

New cards
64

Beginning of Protestant Reformation

1517

New cards
65

Peace of Augsburg

Treaty signed in 1555, ending religious conflict in the Holy Roman Empire.

New cards
66

Thirty Years’ War

lasted from 1618-1648, ended protestant reformation

New cards
67

Scientific Revolution

1550-1700

New cards
68

Enlightenment

A movement in 1650-1780 mostly lead by Philosophers that emphasized reason, science, and individual rights. It challenged traditional authority and promoted ideas of liberty, equality, and progress.

New cards
69

Philosophes

Enlightenment thinkers in 18th-century France who advocated reason, science, and progress.

New cards
70

How were Asian/Eastern European Empires different from Western ones when it came to colonization?

  • Western countries such as Britain and France had more of a global impact in terms of colonization

    • Columbian exchange which can be linked to slavery happened.

  • Empires like the Mughals, Ottomans, and Qing Dynasty however were more local

New cards
71

Static

The worlds wealth is _

New cards
72

The creation of Adam

Michelangelo's masterpiece in the Sistine Chapel depicting God reaching out to touch Adam's finger, symbolizing the creation of human life.

New cards
73

Peter the Great's Westernization of Russia effect the country, even in modern times (skip this in learn mode)

Effects of Peter the Great's Westernization on Russia: Modernization of military, bureaucracy, and education systems. Adoption of Western fashion, customs, and technology. Shift towards a more centralized and autocratic government. Influence on Russia's cultural, political, and economic development.

New cards
74

Social Contract

Citizens trade some freedoms for protection and societal benefits in an agreement with their government. This concept highlights the mutual obligations between the state and its people.

New cards
75

Akbars House of Worship

Complex of religious buildings constructed by Emperor Akbar. It served as a symbol of religious tolerance, housing a mosque, temple, and church. The architecture reflects a blend of Islamic, Hindu, and Persian styles.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 144 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 93 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 52 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard57 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard22 terms
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard22 terms
studied byStudied by 43 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard51 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard54 terms
studied byStudied by 34 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard47 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard147 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard312 terms
studied byStudied by 9671 people
Updated ... ago
3.8 Stars(164)