Notebook 1-4 Quiz

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Middle Ages

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60 Terms

1

Middle Ages

Time between fall of Rome and Renaissance

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2

Abbasad Caliphate, Crusades, and Mongols

How knowledge from the Greeks and Romans spread to other Europeans.

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3

Europe during 14th century

During this time people rediscovered and utilized classical knowledge

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4

Italian Renaissance

Greek and Roman history and achievements. Art styled after Greek roman art. Biblical scenes and classical myths and well as Greek gods were subjects of art.

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5

Education during Italian Renaissance

Focused on being well rounded in art, philosophy, science and rhetoric (language)

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6

Francesco Petrarch

One of the first to read and study classics part of Italian Renaissance

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7

Niccolo Michaiavelli

Writer of Renaissance came from war-torn city states wrote “Prince” part of Italian Renaissance

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8

Leonardo Bruni

Advocated being proactive. Includes voting and being involved in politics discussing issues. Focus on secular life and shaping world as a citizen. Part of Italian Renaissance

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9

Humanism

Value and agency of humans using thinking and evidence

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10

Humanist Literature

Does not focus on god, gives realistic picture of what life is like. Talks about real life events and does not portray heroic people.

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11

Giovanna Boccacio

Wrote the Decameron and was a writer who wrote about moral dilemmas people deal with rather than being heroic. Part of Italian Renaissance

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12

Christian Humanism

People started reading classical Christian texts and focused on individual spiritual life and connection to god.

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13

Enlightment thinkers focused on

Science discoveries, philosophy, as well as classical texts were the main focus of the Renaissance artists and writers.

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14

Northern Renaissance

Emphasis on regular human life and themes ( outlying about personal connection to god)

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15

erasmus

Christian Humanist who wrote the Praise of Fully

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16

Thomas Moore

Writer of Northern Renaissance wrote Utopia and portrayed idealistic society

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17

Nepotism

Favoring relatives and giving them power

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18

Secularism

Not attaching any actions or decisions that are taken with religion.

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19

Jean Bodin

Influential intellectual who believes church was corrupt, especially pope and that it should not be involved in politics or things like taxes, land and anointing.

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20

Civic Humanism

Questioning of corrupt church and emphasis on secular political life without church interference

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21

Medieval art

Emphasis on god, architecture consists of Basic architecture as well as vibrant colors and not much detail

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22

Renaissance art

Emphasis on regular and individual life. Use of detail as well as architecture, classical figures, and style

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23

Raphael

Artists during Renaissance and creator of the piece School of Athens

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24

Leonardo da Vinci

Creator of Mona Lisa and artist during Northern Renaissance

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25

donatello

Florentine sculptor famous for his lifelike sculptures

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26

Michelangelo

Sculptor and Painter responsible for creating Sistine Chapel

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27

Rembrandt

Artist during Renaissance responsible for spreading awareness about human anatomy created Anatomy Lesson

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28

Skepticism

Doubt and question things accepted as true

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29

Ptolemy

Creator of the geocentric model where earth is in middle

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30

Galen

Greek anatomist whose theories formed the basis of European medicine until the Renaissance

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31

Aristotle

Invented the idea of gravity and other things as well

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32

Copernicus

Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center

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33

galileo

Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars; demonstrated that different weights descend at the same rate confirmed copernicus’ theory

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34

Vesalius

Surgeon who began dissecting cadeavers;

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35

Scientific Method

Something is only true if it can be tested, observed, and repeated

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36

Issac newton

Defined universal laws known as Newtonian physics also developer of calculus

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37

Ren Descartes

Founder of deductive reasoning

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38

Deductive reasoning

Using logical deduction to make logical conclusion through process of elimination

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39

Francis Bacon

Invented of inductive reasoning

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40

Inductive reasoning

Using evidence, patterns, and observations to gather strong evidence for truth.

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41

Royal societies/ Royal societies of !ondon

Monarchs and government began to fund scientists and created societies of scientist whose main job was to question, develop, and test new ideas.

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42

Greco-Roman texts

Texts of certain people that would challenge power of universities and churches and shift from theological focus to scientific

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43

Venice and Florence

Main centers of Italian Renaissance

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44

Italy at the time of Renaissance

Center of commerce and papacy, through which merchants and crusaders returned with Ancient Christian and Greek texts.

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45

Education in Middle Ages

Focused on professional training and theology (religion)

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46

Renaissance Humanism

Study of humanities (art, philosophy, history)

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47

sonnets

Series of stories Petrarch would write about moral isssues

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48

The Decameron

Compilation of stories of many different people

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49

Classical Christian texts

Bible, St,Augustine

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50

What Christianity depended on

Relied on pope, religious rituals, traditions, and relics

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51

The Prince

Anything works in politics it can be just, unjust, loving, brutal as long as it works

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52

Visual and literary art

We can see issues and ideas of that time and generation through these

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53

Classical figures in Renaissance

Aristotle, Cicero, Plato, Socrates

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54

Geometric Perspective

Attempt by artists to make each painting or sculpture accurately.

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55

Characteristics of Renaissance Art

3d characters, with shadowing, expressions, shading, and expressions of humans.

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56

Patrons

People who would hire artists to paint their family in geometric perspective and real human style.

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57

Catholic Church

This place also hired artists to sculpt and design religious statues and buildings

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58

Filippo Brunelleschi

Architect known for creating cathedral in Florence

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59

William Harvey

made conclusion that bodies function universally in humans as integrated system

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60

Development in 16th century

New technology, inventions, and math provided way to effectively test skepticism. Things like telescopes, microscopes, vacuum pumps, and thermometers were invented.

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