History Quiz 2

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Wrappin' It Up (The Lindy Glide)

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Wrappin' It Up (The Lindy Glide)

  • Swing Era (1943)

  • Performed by Fletcher Henderson

  • Call and response technique applied to ensemble writing

  • Arrangements drew on musical structures: 12 bar blues form, 32 bar Tin Pan Alley song form

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Taking a Chance on Love

  • Swing Era (1940)

  • arranged by Fletcher Henderson

  • Performed by Benny Goodman (King of Swing) and his Orchesta

  • Number 1 on the Hit Parade Chart

  • Inclusion of crooner

  • 32 bar AABA song structure

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Caravan

  • Swing Era (1937)

  • Performed by Duke Ellington and his Orchestra

  • Ellington reworked this arrangement many times over the years

  • Drummer was more broadly musical than most swing bands

  • 32 bar AABA with brief intro

  • Minor key melody

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One O'Clock Jump

  • Kansas City Swing (1937)

  • performed by Count Basie and his orchestra

  • Kansas City Style: energetic rhythmic approach, jazz improvisation, and call and response patterns divided between brass and reeds

  • Boogie-woogie piano

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In the Mood

  • Most popular dance band: Swing (1939)

  • Performed by Glenn Miller and his Orchestra

  • Glenn Miller is a superstar of swing

  • He broke record sales and concert attendance records

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It Don't Mean a Thing (Unless It Has Swing)

  • Female Jazz Singer (1932)

  • Preformed by the Boswell Sisters

  • Bridge from Louis Armstrong to Holiday/Fitzgerald

  • Rapid scat singing and intricate tempo shifting

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God Bless the Child

  • Female Jazz Singer (1941)

  • Preformed by Billie Holiday

  • Singer who recorded and performed with widely acclaimed instrumentalist like Teddy Wilson and Lester Young

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A-Tisket, A-Tasket

  • Female Jazz Singer (1938)

  • Preformed by Ella Fitzgerald

  • Recorded with Louis Armstrong

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Too Darn Hot

  • Female Jazz Singer (1956)

  • Preformed by Ella Fitzgerald

  • From a songbook of golden age Tin Pan Alley

  • Cole Porter classic

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Paper Doll

  • Vocal Harmony Group (1842)

  • Performed by the Mill Brothers

  • Most successful and longest lived vocal group from the era

  • African American group accompanied only by guitar

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Great Speckled Bird

  • Hillbilly in Swing Era (1936)

  • Performed by Roy Acuff and His Crazy Tennesseans

  • Widely regarded as the national anthem of country and western music

  • Crossed over to the mainstream pop charts

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Cool Water

  • Singing Cowboy (1941)

  • Performed by Songs of the Pioneers

  • Best seller in the country music market

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New San Antonio Rose

  • Western Swing (1940)

  • Performed by Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys

  • Country bestseller

  • Bob Wills career ran for 40 years

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Brazil

  • Latin Music: Samba (1943)

  • Performed by Xavier Cugat and his Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra

  • The best selling record for Cugat

  • Cugat is a film star who popularized Latin music in the Swing Era

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Nague

  • Latin Music: Afro-Cuban (1941)

  • Performed by Machito and his Afro-Cubans

  • The Afro-Cubans theme song

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Nancy (With the Laughing Face)

  • Romantic songs: Crooning: Post War (1945)

  • Performed by Frank Sinatra

  • He was the first documented example of modern pop hysteria

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Nature Boy

  • Romantic Songs: Crooning: Post War (1948)

  • Performed by Nat "King" Cole

  • Number 1 on the Billboard pop charts for 8 weeks

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Goodnight, Irene

  • Urban Folk Music (1950)

  • Performed by the Weavers

  • Leader, singer, and banjo player Pete Seeger

  • They helped define a niche in the popular market for folk-based popular music

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Mambo No. 5

  • Mambo: Latin American (1949)

  • Performed by Damaso Perez Prado

  • Crossed over to a non-Latin audience

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Mambo Italiano

  • Mambo: Italian (1945)

  • Performed by Rosemary Clooney

  • Number 9 on the pop charts

  • Rosemary Clooney is the aunt of George Clooney

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Choo Ch'Boogie

  • Jump Blues (1946)

  • Performed by Louis Jordan's Tympany Five

  • The first commercially successful category of rhythm and blues

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Black Night

  • Blues Crooner Style: Rhythm & Blues (1951)

  • Performed by Charles Brown and His Band

  • Charles Brown was the most successful blues crooner of this time

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Hoochie Coochie Man

  • Chicago electric blues

  • Performed by Muddy Waters and composed by Willie Dixon

  • Muddy Waters was the most popular musician in Chicago in late 1940s and early 1950s

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Have Mercy Baby

  • Vocal Harmony Groups: Black Gospel: R&B (1952)

  • Performed by the Dominoes

  • Combined 12 bar blues, driving beat of dance R&B with the flavor of Black gospel singing

  • Number 1 in R&B for 10 weeks

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Mama, He Treats Your Daughter Mean

  • R&B Women (1953)

  • Performed by Ruth Brown

  • Reached 1 in the R&B charts and 23 on the pop charts

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Hound Dog

  • R&B Women: Country Blues (1953)

  • Performed by Big Mama Thornton

  • Original song that Elvis used

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It's Mighty Dark to Travel

  • Bluegrass (1947)

  • Performed by Bill Monroe and his Blue Grass Boys

  • Bill was a pioneer of bluegrass music

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The Wild Side of Life

  • Honky-Tonk (1951)

  • Performed by Hank Thompson and is Brazos Valley Boys

  • The melody was adopted from "Great Speckled Bird"

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It Wasn't god Who Made Honky-Tonk Angels

  • Honky-Tonk (1952)

  • Performed by Kitty Wells

  • She was the first female superstar of country

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I'm So Lonesome I Could Cry

  • Country Music (1949)

  • Performed by Hank Williams

  • Hank was the most significant single figure to emerge in country music during the post WWII period

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Hey, Good Lookin

  • Early Rockabilly: Country Music

  • Performed by Hank Williams

  • Minor crossover hit

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The Tennessee Waltz

  • Country Crooner (1950)

  • Performed by Patti Page

  • Sold more than 6 million copies

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Shake, Rattle, and Roll (Original)

  • Jump Blues (1954)

  • Performed by Big Joe Turner

  • Number 1 on R&B and number 22 on pop charts

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Shake, Rattle, and Roll (Cover)

  • Early Rock 'n' Roll: Western Swing (1954)

  • Performed by Bill Haley and the Comets

  • It is the same song with slight lyric changes and a more emphasis on guitars rather than saxophones

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Sh-Boom (Original)

  • R&B (1954)

  • Performed by the Chords

  • Number 2 on R&B and number 5 on pop charts

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Sh-Boom (Cover)

  • Rock 'n' Roll (1954)

  • Performed by the Crew Cuts

  • Cited as one of the first rock 'n' roll records

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Rock Around the Clock

  • Rock 'n' Roll (1955)

  • Performed by Bill Haley and the Comets

  • First rock 'n' roll record to become a number 1 pop hit

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A Guy Is a Guy

  • Crooner: British Folk (1952)

  • Performed by Doris Day

  • Number 1 hit

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Maybellene

  • Rock 'n' Roll: Rockabilly (1955)

  • Performed by Chuck Berry and his Combo

  • Chuck synthesized diverse influence from R&B and country music in rock 'n' roll songs

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Long Tall Sally

  • R&B: Rock 'n' Roll (1956)

  • Performed by Little Richard

  • Had a large teenage following in the 1950s

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Blueberry Hill

  • R&B crossover to Rock 'n' Roll (1956)

  • Performed by Fats Domino

  • Cover of a Tin Pan Alley song that bridged the gap between R&B and Rock 'n' Roll

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Mystery Train (Original)

  • Blues (1953)

  • Performed by Junior Parker

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Mystery Train (Cover)

  • Rockabilly (1953)

  • Performed by Elvis Presley

  • Number 11 country and western

  • The two songs show the developing synergy between R&B and country music

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Don't Be Cruel

  • Rockabilly (1965)

  • Performed by Elvis Presley

  • Used Reverb

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Rave On

  • Early Rock 'n' Roll

  • Performed by Buddy Holiday

  • Use of double tracking on his recordings

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Hot Dog! That Made Him Mad

  • Rockabilly (1956)

  • Performed by Wanda Jackson

  • She's the "Queen of Rockabilly"

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La Bamba

  • Son Jarocho: Latin Rock 'n' Roll (1958)

  • Performed by Richie Valens

  • Number one for three weeks

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Charlie Brown

  • Rock 'n' Roll (1958)

  • Performed by the Coasters

  • Popularized terms like "cool" and "daddy-o"

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Tom Dooley

  • Folk Music in Rock 'n' Roll (1960)

  • Performed by The Kingston Trio

  • adaptions of old ballad songs

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