Am Hist Unit 3 Vocab

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Wilmot Proviso

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US History

25 Terms

1

Wilmot Proviso

Proposed, but rejected, 1846 bill that would have banned slavery in the territory won from Mexico in the Mexican American War

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2

Popular Sovereignty

political policy that permitted the residents of federal territories to decide on whether to enter the union as free or slave states

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3

Compromise of 1850

political agreement that allowed California to be admitted as a free state by allowing popular sovereignty in the territories and enacting a stricter fugitive slave law

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4

Underground Railroad

system that existed before the Civil War, in which black and white abolitionists helped escaped slaves travel to safe areas, especially Canada

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5

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854 law that divided the Nebraska Territory into Kansas and Nebraska giving each territory the right to decide whether or not to allow slavery

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6

Bleeding Kansas

Term used to describe the 1854-1856 violence between proslavery and antislavery supporters in Kansas

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7

Fort Sumter

federal fort located in Charleston, South Carolina, where the first shots of the Civil War were fired

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8

Blockade

military tactic in which a navy prevents vessels from entering or leaving its enemy's ports

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9

Anaconda Plan

three-step northern Civil War strategy to starve the South by blockading seaports and controlling the Mississippi River

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10

Emancipation Proclamation

Decree by President Lincoln that freed enslaved people living in Confederate states still in rebellion

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11

Battle of Bull Run

first large battle of the Civil War, proved that the Civil War would be a longer and more brutal conflict than either side originally anticipated

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12

Battle of Antietam

1862 Civil War battle in which 23,000 troops were killed or wounded in one day. It was the bloodiest single day of fighting

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13

Battle of Vicksburg

1863 battle which resulted in Union forces finally gaining control of the Mississippi River

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14

Battle of Gettysburg

battle in 1863 in which Confederate troops were prevented from invading the North and which resulted in more than 50,000 casualties

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15

Appomattox Court House

where Lee finally surrendered to Grant, ending the Civil War

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16

Gettysburg Address

speech by President Lincoln in which he dedicated a national cemetery at Gettysburg and reaffirmed the ideas for which the Union was fighting

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17

Conscription

drafting of citizens into military service

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18

Total War

military strategy in which an army attacks not only enemy troops but the economic and civilian resources that support them. Best seen by Sherman's March

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19

13th Amendment

1865 constitutional amendment that abolished slavery

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20

Reconstruction

program implemented by the federal government between 1865 and 1877 to repair damage to the South caused by the Civil War and restore the southern states to the Union

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21

14th Amendment

1868 constitutional amendment which defined citizenship and guaranteed citizens equal protection under the law

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22

15th Amendment

1870 constitutional amendment that guaranteed voting rights regardless of race or previous condition of servitude

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23

Compromise of 1877

agreement by which Rutherford B. Hayes won the 1876 presidential election and in exchange agreed to remove the remaining federal troops from the South

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24

Ten Percent Plan

Lincoln's plan for reconstruction after the Civil War. Stated that a state could be reintegrated to the Union when 10% of its voters pledged their allegiance to the US, and recognized the freedom of formerly enslaved people

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25

Presidential Plan for Reconstruction

Required former Confederate states to uphold the 13th Amendment and swear loyalty to the Union. Then they could re-write their state constitutions, hold elections, and begin sending representatives to Washington

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