Med Term Final Study

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obstetrician

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Health

11th

194 Terms

1

obstetrician

a physician who specializes in providing medical care to women during pregnancy, childbirth, and immediately thereafter

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2

gynocologist

specialist who studies and treats diseases of women

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3

breast cancer genes

BRCA1 and BRCA2

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4

episiotomy

surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vagina and so facilitate delivery during childbirth

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5

hyster/o

uterus, womb

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6

ligat-

to tie up

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7

tubal ligation

a surgical sterilization procedure in which the fallopian tubes are sealed or cut to prevent sperm from reaching a mature ovum

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8

mast-

breast

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9

mamm-

mammary glands

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10

endo-

within, inner

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11

multi-

many, much

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12

-para

to bring forth

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13

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

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14

rectal exam

internal examination of the rectum

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15

prostate gland

A gland in males that contributes to the seminal fluid.

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16

trans-

across, through

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17

impotence

erectile dysfunction

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18

epididymitis

inflammation of the epididymis

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19

prepuce

foreskin; loose casing that covers the glans penis; removed by circumcision

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20

-genesis

beginning; origin

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21

-plasia

development, formation, growth

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22

cryptorchidism

undescended testes

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23

Testes

male gonads; singular form testis

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24

orchid/o

testes

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25

UTI

urinary tract infection

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26

diruretic

drug that promotes the excretion of urine

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27

CKD

chronic kidney disease

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28

CRF

chronic renal failure

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29

Pyle/o

renal pelvis

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30

nephr/o

kidney; nephron

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31

calculi

small stones; plural form: calculus

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32

Urinary incontinence (UI)

inability to control urination

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33

urologist

physician who studies and treats diseases of the urinary tract

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34

dysuria

painful urination

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35

hemouria

blood in the urine

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36

kidney

nephr/o, ren/o

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37

urin-

urine

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38

cysto

bladder

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39

-scopy/-scopic

look, observe

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40

enuresis

bed wetting

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41

nephrologist

physician who studies and treats diseases of the kidney

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42

astigmatism

inability to focus light rays entering the eyes at different planes

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43

myopia

nearsightedness

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44

hyperopia

farsightedness

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45

esotropia

turning the eye inward toward the nose

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46

bilateral

both sides

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47

unilateral

pertaining to one side

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48

anti-

against

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49

myringotomy, tympanostomy

two surgical procedures on the ear

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50

acute otitis media

inflammation of the middle ear that is of sudden onset

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51

tinnitus

ringing or buzzing in the ears

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52

acute

New, usually of rapid onset and of concern, opposite of chronic

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53

chronic

continuing for a long time

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54

vertigo

dizziness

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55

Conjunctivitis

inflammation of the conjunctiva (pink eye)

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56

blephar/o

eyelid

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57

-itis

inflammation

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58

ophthalmologist

physician who studies and treats diseases of the eye

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59

exotropia

outward turning of the eye, away from the nose

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60

angi/o

blood vessel

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61

-graphy

the process of producing a picture or record

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62

syncope

fainting

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63

Dementia

chronic, progressive loss of cognitive and intellectual functions

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64

febrile seizures

Seizures that result from sudden high fevers; most often seen in children.

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65

aneurysm

dilation or ballooning of an artery or cardiac chamber

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66

viscer-

internal organs

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67

Epilepsy

seizure disorder; word derived from the Greek word for seizure

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68

hemi-

half

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69

-plegia

paralysis

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70

-paresis

weakness

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71

quadri-

four

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72

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

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73

CVA

cerebrovascular accident (stroke)

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74

an-

without

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75

esthesi/o, -esthesia

feeling, nervous sensation

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76

contusion

bruise

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77

afferent

conveying toward a center

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78

efferent

conveying away from the center

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79

hyperglycemia

high blood sugar

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80

Hypoglycemia

low blood sugar

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81

glycem-

sugar; glycerol or similar substance

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82

idiopathic

pertaining to disease of unknown origin

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83

endocrine

secreting internally

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84

dips/o

thirst or thirsty

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85

poly

many

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86

-ia

condition of

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87

polydispia

excessive thirst

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88

exophthalmos

abnormal protrusion of the eyeball

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89

exo-

outside

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90

extra-

outside, beyond

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91

supra-

above, upper

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92

cardi-

heart

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93

myo-

muscle

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94

-logist

specialist in the study of

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95

vaso-

blood vessel

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96

Dialation

widening, stretching, expanding

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97

constriction

narrowing

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98

brady-

slow

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99

ischemia

lack of blood flow

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100

electro-

electric; electricity

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