Biology Unit 2

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The cell theory states that

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Biology

10th

41 Terms

1

The cell theory states that

All living things are made up of cells,

cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things,

new cells are produced from existing cells

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2

8 Characteristic of life

Responds to environment

Obtain and use energy

Grows + Develops

Maintain Homeostasis

Produce offspring

Complex Chemistry

Made of cells

Evolve

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3

Prokaryotes

Cells that do not contain nuclei

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4

Eukaryotic

Has a nucleus

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5

Pathogens:

disease causing agents

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6

Types of pathogens

viruses, bacteria, Protozoa, fungi

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7

Bacteria reproduction

asexual binary fission

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8

Protozoa reproduction

MOSTY asexual( Binary Fission) and SOME sexual

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9

Fungi reproduction

Spores

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10

Budding and fruiting bodies( ASEXUAL)

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11

Viruses reproduction

DO NOT REPRODUCE ON THEIR OWN must have host cell

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12

Bacteria Genetic Code

Prokaryotes

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13

Protozoa Genetic Code

Eukaryotes

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14

Fungi Genetic Code

Eukaryotes

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15

Viruses Genetic Code

has genetic code

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16

How does Bacteria grow and develop

Cell enlargement

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17

How does protozoa grow and develop

Cell enlargement

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18

How does fungi grow and develop

Both cell enlargement and cell division

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19

How does viruses grow and develop

NO IT CAN NOT

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20

How does bacteria Obtain and use energy

Both Heterotroph and Autotroph

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21

How does protozoa Obtain and use energy

Heterotroph

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22

How does fungi obtain and use energy

External digestion

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23

How does viruses obtain and use energy

NO MUST HAVE HOST CELL

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24

How does bacteria Respond to environment

endospores (A function that protects the bacteria from hard)

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25

How does protozoa Respond to environment

has movement

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26

How does fungi Respond to environment

decomposers

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27

How does viruses Respond to environment

YES can hide and destroy cells

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28

Does bacteria Evolve

Yes can become resistant to antibodies

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29

Does protozoa Evolve

Yes

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30

Does fungi Evolve

Yes

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31

Does viruses Evolve

YES CAN MUTATE

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32

Is bacteria Made of Cells

YES IS UNICELLULAR

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33

Is protozoa Made of Cells

YES IS UNICELLULAR

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34

Is fungi Made of Cells

YES IS UNICELLULAR AND MULTICELLULAR

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35

Is viruses Made of Cells

NO

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36

Can Bacteria Maintain Homeostasis

YES it can Produces proteins

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37

Can protozoa Maintain Homeostasis

Symbiosis mutualism

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38

Can fungi Maintain Homeostasis

Symbiosis decomposer

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39

Can viruses Maintain Homeostasis

NOOOOO

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40

Homeostasis

process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable internal environment

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41

Components of a virus

-nucleic acid,

-RNA or DNA - never both.

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