theology II - 4th Q - exam review

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Apostolate

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199 Terms

1

Apostolate

The activity of each Christian that fulfills the apostolic nature of the whole Church by working to extend the reign of Christ to the entire world

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2

Chrism

Oil mixed with balsam, signifying the gifts of the Holy Spirit, which is consecrated by a bishop

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3

Divine Filiation

Being a child of God, which brings each Christian a spirit of sincerity and trust while filling him or her with love for and wonder towards God

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4

Laying on of Hands

The ritual act whereby men were consecrated for sacred duties

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5

Seal

A permanent mark which is imprinted on the soul

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6

fear of the lord

This gift helps us acknowledge and reverence the authority of God in our lives, which leads us to a desire to acknowledge and detest our sins.

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7

counsel

This gift helps us to know what we should or should not do in every situation that demands a moral choice.

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8

fortitude

This gift strengthens us to stand up and defend the faith, and gives us the courage to stand firm in our convictions as children of God.

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9

wisdom

This gift is the ability to judge correctly, to discern what is just, not only through human reason, but also in the light of God's will. It allows us to know God and to know that our happiness ultimately comes from him and being in line with his will.

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10

piety

This gift helps us to see God as our heavenly Father, which in turn helps us to see God in the people around us and treat them with love and respect.

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11

understanding

This gift allows us to penetrate more deeply into the divine mysteries, which can be difficult to comprehend by reason and intellectual effort alone, and to comprehend more clearly the events that happen in our own lives.

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12

knowledge

This gift helps us to understand reality based on Divine Revelation..."For the person who has received this gift, no aspect of created reality is lacking in meaning."

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13

TRUE OR FALSE?:
- confirmation ends my Catholic formation

FALSE (misconception)

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14

TRUE OR FALSE?:
- Confirmation is only my "confirmation" or yes to being Catholic

FALSE (misconception)

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15

TRUE OR FALSE?:
Confirmation is a rite of passage to begin spiritual adulthood

FALSE (misconception)

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16

Confirmation more perfectly _____________________ and strengthens us __________________________.

more perfectly bounds us to the Church and strengthens us in the Holy Spirit

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17

*What is Isaiah 44:3?*

"I will pour my Spirit upon your descendants and my blessing on your offspring"

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18

how does Isaiah 44:3 relate to Confirmation?

through Confirmation we receive the Holy Spirit

(God say he's going to pour His spirit upon us (like water) and it's going to rejuvenate us, give us nourishment, give us life)

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19

who is the third person of the Trinity?

The Holy Spirit

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20

what is the love shared between the Father and the Son?

The Holy Spirit

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21

what is the BEST Earthly image of the Trinity?

the family (husband loves the wife; wife loves the husband; and through their loves proceeds a child)

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22

what is united through the Father and the Son?

the Holy Spirit

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23

the Holy Spirit is the promised ______________? What does this show?

"Paraclete"; this shows we cannot know God without knowing the Holy Spirit

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24

what does "Paraclete" mean?

counselor

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25

4 ways to know the Holy Spirit:
- reading _______________

scripture

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26

4 ways to know the Holy Spirit:
- through the Church's ____________, ___________________, and the _______________

Tradition, Magesterium, and the Sacraments

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27

4 ways to know the Holy Spirit:
- through ____________________

prayer

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28

4 ways to know the Holy Spirit:
- through the __________________

witness of others

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29

Why does the Holy Spirit change our hearts?

it changes our heart into what it was made for

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30

who sends the Holy Spirit to dwell in us?

God the Father

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31

The Holy Spirit at Pentecost:
- the Apostles hide in the ___________ out of fear

"cenacle"

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32

The Holy Spirit at Pentecost:
- the Apostles leave and begin to ___________________________

evangelize and baptize

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33

The Holy Spirit at Pentecost:
- The Holy Spirit appears as ___________________

the Tongues of Fire

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34

what is Pentecost?

pouring of the Holy Spirit for the first time

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35

what is an example of how the Apostles were transformed after receiving the Holy Spirit?

- they were filled with courage
- they now have the ability to preach the Gospel

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36

this transformation is meant for us as well ------> The Holy Spirit is promised because we are __________________

"messianic people"

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37

what does Messiah mean?

anointed

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38

TRUE OR FALSE?:
- Confirmation is a separate sacrament from Baptism

TRUE

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39

how do you receive the the Holy Spirit through Confirmation?

by the laying on of hands

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40

what is Confirmation's MATTER?

sacred chrism oil

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41

what is the sacred chrism oil made with?

olive oil mixed with Balsam

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42

the sacred chrism oil is made with olive oil mixed with Balsam. what is olive oil a sign of?

a sign of joy and abundance

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43

the sacred chrism oil is made with olive oil mixed with Balsam. what does Balsam give us?

balsam gives us the "aroma of Christ"

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44

the anointing of oil is _________________

the laying of hands

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45

what is Confirmation's FORM?

"be sealed with the Gifts of the Holy Spirit"

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46

what is Confirmation's MINISTER?

bishop

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47

what are bishops?

they are direct successors of the Apostles

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48

In certain cases, the bishop can delegate this authority to ____________________

certain parish priests

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49

what do you need to choose before you get confirmed?

a sponsor

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50

what is the sponsor's role?

their role is to walk with you throughout your faith journey

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51

what should your sponsor be?

a practicing Catholic and role model

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52

your sponsor can be _______________?

any confirmed Catholic (over 16)

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53

you will also need to choose _____________ before you confirmed.

a new name

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54

why do we choose a new name?

reflect our new identity and vocation

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55

what can our new name be?

can be any Beatified or canonized saint in the Church

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56

what should our new name be?

should be someone you admire/want to emulate

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57

effects of Confirmation:
- perfects the ___________________

graces of Baptism

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58

effects of Confirmation:
- receive a ___________________

mark on the soul

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59

effects of Confirmation:
- increase the Gifts of the ______________

Holy Spirit

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60

effects of Confirmation:
- the outpouring of the Spirit enables us to _______________________

live our mission

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61

effects of Confirmation:
- unites us more perfectly with ______________________

Christ and the Church

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62

Almsgiving

The practice of Christian charity through the selfless donation of time, money, and other resources

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63

Compassion

The love, kindness, mercy, or forbearance shown to a neighbor who is suffering in some way

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64

Conscience

The inner voice of a human being, in whose heart is inscribed the law of God

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65

Contrition

True sorrow for and hatred of committed sins, coupled with the firm purpose to sin no more

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66

Conversion

A radical reorientation of one's whole life away from sin and evil and toward God

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67

Examination of Conscience

Prayerful self-reflection on one's words and deeds in light of the Gospel to determine how one has sinned against God

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68

Moral Law

The ethical code, authored and revealed by God and safeguarded by the Church, imposing obligations on the conscience of each person

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69

Penance

Includes the intention to change one's life because of hope in the divine mercy and often characterized by fasting, prayer, and almsgiving.

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70

Satisfaction

An act whereby the sinned makes amends, especially in reparation to God for offenses against him

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71

Scrupulosity

The quality of one whose conscience judges an action to be morally evil when in fact it is not or judges a sin to be mortal when it is venial.

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72

what was not a part of God's original plan?

suffering

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73

what brought about suffering, pain, and death?

sin

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74

what is God's Perfect Will?

- what God directly wills and wants to happen
- God's plan A includes only good things

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75

what is God's Permissive Will?

- what God allows to happen in our lives
- God's plan B can include things like suffering

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76

God is intimately involved in out lives but _____________________.

but does not control everything

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77

TRUE OR FALSE:
- God abandons us in our suffering

FALSE:
God doesn't abandon us when we are suffering

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78

Jesus is the what?

he is the suffering servant

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79

what does suffering help us do?

it helps unites us to Christ on the Cross

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80

what does suffering have the power to do?

suffering has the power to change and save the world when we unite it to Christ (redemptive suffering)

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81

what cleanses us of original sin? what remains after Baptism?

Baptism; the effects of sin

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82

what is concupiscene?

the disordered human appetites or desires which lead to an inclination towards sin

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83

what is a venial sin?

an infraction of the moral law that harms our relationship with God

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84

TRUE OR FALSE:
venial sin can lead to mortal sin overtime.

TRUE

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85

how can venial sins be forgiven?

- works of charity
- the reception of the Eucharist
- participating in Mass

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86

should venial sins still be confessed in confession?

YES; if they are not said they are not forgiven

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87

what is a mortal sin?

a deliberate choice in a serious manner that is so contrary to the will of the God that it ruptures our relationship with God

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88

what are the 3 conditions of mortal sin?

1. it must be a grave or serious matter
2. the person must have full knowledge
3. the person must completely consent

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89

what deprives the soul of eternal life and merits eternal punishment?

mortal sin

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90

choosing mortal sin is effectively choosing what?

choosing Hell

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91

How can mortal sin be forgiven?

it can only be forgiven in Confession

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92

Jesus forgave the sins of who? who did he give this authority to?

Jesus forgave the sins of those he healed; gave the authority to the Apostles

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93

what is Reconciliation's matter?

the confessing of sins and having true contrition

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94

what is Reconciliation's form?

the words of absolutism

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95

what is Reconciliation's minister?

priest or bishop

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96

what must reconciliation uphold?

the "Seal of Confession"

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97

effects of Reconciliation:
- reconciles our relationship ____________

with God

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98

effects of Reconciliation:
- reconciles the penitent with _________________

the Church

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99

effects of Reconciliation:
- forgive _________________

confessed sins

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100

effects of Reconciliation:
- restores _________________________ lost by mortal sin

sanctifying grace

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