American History Ch. 21

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Who were the "Big Four" countries at the Paris Peace Conference?

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Who were the "Big Four" countries at the Paris Peace Conference?

America, England, Italy, France

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Which country rejected membership in the League of Nations?

America

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Name the three things labor unions gained during the war.

Increase in wages, shortened work day, join union

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Explain the major reason for US opposition to the League of Nations

League of Nations members were forced into war if there was a fight

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What was the message in the Zimmerman Note?

Mexico should join Germany so they'll get Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

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What did the US govt do to some private businesses during the war that had never been done before?

Took them over (esp...the railroad)

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What was America's official position at the start of the war?

Neutral

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What underlying problem in Europe prior to the conflict eventually led to war?

Entangling Alliances

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A military stalemate developed when both sides adopted what time of warfare?

Stationary

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Explain how the convoy system worked, and the purpose of it.

Naval protection of merchant ships

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Name three things the US contributed to insure an Allies victory in the war

Soldiers, supplies, food, ships

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Give three reasons America tended to favor the Allies before we entered the war

Germany was sinking our ships, resources, soldiers, similarities

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Name some of the freedoms in the US which were curtailed (postponed) during the war.

Speech, assembly, press

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Name three ways the US government will raise money for the war

Taxes, loans, bonds

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Explain how the war will change the lives of women

Women were allowed t do men's jobs

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Give three methods the US used to build up its armed forces after entering the war.

Draft/Selective Service Act, National Guard, Enlisting/Volunteer

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What was the cause of growing American support for the Allies during the war

Due to who was attacking our ships and our similarities to life

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The effectiveness of the British blockade led Germany to do what?

Launch unrestricted submarine warfare

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In what document is the League of Nations provided for?

Versailles Treaty

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What was Germany doing that eventually brought the US into the war?

They were sinking out ships

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The Treaty of Versailles places full responsibility for the war on what country?

Germany

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What happened in Russia in 1017 that allowed Germany to concentrate all its efforts on the Western Front?

Tsar was overthrown and Russia left the war

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How close was the US Presidential Election of 1916?

By merely a couple of votes (roughly 13)

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Not ratify it

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How will the war effort affect the American economy?

We will earn lots of money, yet suffer

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What year did the US enter the war? What year did WWI come to an end?

1917 1918

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In what area in Europe did the war begin?

Austria-Hungary

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Charles Evans Hughes

Republican Candidate 1916 "He Kept Us out of War"

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Versailles Treaty

ended WWI, attempted to make peace with 14 points

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Henry Cabot Lodge/William Borah

two senators opposed league

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John J. Pershing

American General in charge of American Expeditionary Force

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Neutral

states and countries that refused to pick a side

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Herbert Hoover

Belgian War Relief + Food Administration (Head of)

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Sedition Act

took away some American rights (if they went against government)

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Central Powers

on the side of Germany

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Lusitania

Titanic sister ship had contraband and blown up

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Western Front

North Sea to Switzerland = trench warfare

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Fourteen Points

Wilson's blueprint for future peace

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William Jennings Bryan

Secretary of State warned to not be on any ships due to explosion

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Ration

People were encouraged to do this with food - limit what you buy

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George Creel

in charge of propaganda - selling war to American people

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"Doughboys"

American soldier (comes from uniform color)

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Contraband

Anything used in warfare

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