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Trans-Atlantic trade

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40 Terms

1

Trans-Atlantic trade

when Europe, the Americas, and Africa trade with each other

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2

caravel

sail used by Portuguese

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3

Treaty of Tordesillas

agreement between Spain and Portugal aimed at settling conflicts over lands newly discovered

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4

Galleons

Spanish war ships that sailed the Atlantic Ocean

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5

Prince Henry

Portuguese ruler who financed expeditions sailing from Africa to India

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6

Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand

Spanish monarchs who financed Columbus's voyage

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7

Dutch traders

people competing against Portuguese; controls Spice Islands

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8

Northwest Passage

route Europeans believed existed to sail to the Pacific Ocean

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9

cash crop

growing crops to sell for money

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10

joint stock companies

small business forming a company to share profit

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11

maritime empires

Spain, Portugal, France, Holland, and Great Britain

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12

tobacco, rubber, turkey, llamas

west to east

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13

Southeast Asia

where Europeans traders conducted business with women

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14

Dahomey

West African Kingdom that flourished due to its trading/slavery

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15

Quebec

French city that traded fur

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16

Jacque Cartier

French explorer who sailed on St. Lawrence river

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17

New Amsterdam

new settlement in North America founded by Henry Hudson

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18

Samuel deChamplain

explorer who tried to find Northwest Passage; suggested settlement

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19

Jamestown

first English settlement in North America

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20

creole

language developed in the Carribean

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21

casta system

catagorize/identify people in America resulting in discrmination

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22

mestizo

a person of mixed racial ancestry (one European, one Native)

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23

santeria

African faith meaning "the way of the saints"

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24

hacienda

method Spanish explorer used to "trick" people to work on their farms

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25

encomienda

Spanish attempt to turn Natives into serfs

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26

east India company

takes advatnage of difference between Hindus and Muslims in India

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27

The Maratha

Hindu group working to take down Mughal Empire

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28

silver

Spanish found in Mexico and uses for money

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29

the Dutch

people able to keep a small trading post in Japan

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30

viceroys

refers to representative in a colony

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31

Queen Nanny

helped lead resistance on Jamacia against Spanish

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32

Roxelana

wife of Suleiman; woman with power in the Ottoman Empire

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33

cossacks

descendents of Mongols living in Russia against Kuzar

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34

Japanese government

persecuted Christains

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35

vizers

refers to advisers of the Sultan in the Ottoman Empire

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36

Ulama

group of scholars in Ottoman Empire

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37

glorious revolution

British event that finally pits a Protestent point of view on the monarchy

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38

William and Mary

put in power to rule Great Britain in 1689

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39

middle passage

voyage that kidnapped Africans to be sold as slaves across the Atlantic

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40

Ana Nzinga

ruler of South African kingdom who fought off Portuguese and recruited women to fight

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