Islam

studied byStudied by 23 people
5.0(2)
get a hint
hint

Abrahamic Religions

1 / 52

Tags and Description

53 Terms

1

Abrahamic Religions

Islam, Judaism, Christianity

New cards
2

Abraham

The first (original) profit of Islam, Judaism, Christianity

New cards
3

Polytheism

Religion that believes in more than one god

New cards
4

Monotheism

Religion that believes in one god

New cards
5

Islam

Religion that Muslims follow

New cards
6

Muhammad

Last great prophet of Islam

New cards
7

Allah

The god of the Islamic religion

New cards
8

Muslim

The followers of the Islamic religion

New cards
9

Mosque

Islamic place of worship

New cards
10

Imam

Spiritual leader in Islam

New cards
11

Kaaba

The center of Islam's most important mosque in Mecca

New cards
12

Mecca

The holy city in islam

New cards
13

Medina

City of the profit in honor of Muhammad's life and death there

New cards
14

5 pillars of Islam

Obligatory practices of worship for muslims

New cards
15

Hajj

Pilgrimage to Mecca

New cards
16

Caliph

Leader of the Islamic community (umma)

  • Successor

  • Leader of the faith and empire

New cards
17

Abu bakr

Suni supported Caliph was the successor of muhammad

New cards
18

Ali

Shia supported successor did not win the position but was appointed as the 4th caliph

New cards
19

Suni

Believes the caliph does not need to be related to muhammad but needs to hold his ideals

New cards
20

Shia

Believes the caliph should be related to muhammad

New cards
21

Misconceptions

  • Not all muslims believe in terrorist groups

  • Not all Sharia law is meant to be opressive

New cards
22

Sharia

A system of laws that regulates family life, moral, and business life.

New cards
23

Jihad

Means struggling Muslims use jihad to describe different types of struggles

New cards
24

Jihad 1

Holy war: The struggle to defend islam, with force if necessary

New cards
25

Jihad 2

Inner- Struggle intrapersonally for self improvement

New cards
26

5 Pillars of Islam

Allah, Prayer, Charity, Fasting, Pilgrimage

New cards
27

Anti-Semitism

Prejudice towards Jewish people

New cards
28

Blood Libel

The false crime Jewish people were accused of kidnapping Christian children and drinking their blood.

New cards
29

Black Plague

Jewish people were blamed for the black plague and said to have poisined the well water.

New cards
30

Russian Pogroms

Large scale Russian sponsored anti-Jewish riots that lead to Jewish people fleeing Russia.

New cards
31

Ottoman Empire

Empire mostly controlled by turks that had control over most of southeast europe, western asia, and northern africa from 1807-1924

New cards
32

Nickname of the ottoman empire

The sick man of europe

New cards
33

What made the Ottoman empire fall?

During world war 1 the ottomans sided with Germany and when they lost post war treaties tore them apart until the Empire was gone.

New cards
34

Zionism

The creation of a Jewish homeland in the holy land

New cards
35

Why was a Jewish Homeland Necessary?

Historic claim so they could return to their holy homeland. And protection.

New cards
36

Theodor Herzel

He was a hungarian Jew who experienced anti-semitism. So he came up with the idea to create a Jewish state and shared these ideas in Basel Switzerland. HE STARTED THE ZIONIST MOVEMENT.

New cards
37

Pan-Arabism

A political movement that consists of arab countries. They have similar ideals to arab nationalists.

New cards
38

Sykes-Picot Agreement

Secret agreement between France and Britain which equally split the ottoman empire into their control.

New cards
39

Hussein-McMahon Letters

A series of letters where britain said they would recognize arab independence in a large region after the war.

New cards
40

Balfour Declaration

A public statement from Britain during ww1 that stated they supported establishing a national home for the jews in palestine.

New cards
41

Holocaust

Historical event where Jews were innocently murdered and heavily discriminated against.

New cards
42

UN Resolution 181

UN approved plan to partition British Palestine in to two separate states. One for Jews: Israel and one for Arabs: Palestine

New cards
43

Israel; UN Resolution 181

Accepted the terms of the resolution

New cards
44

Palestine; UN Resolution 181

Did not accepted the UN’s plan and fought against leaving the areas for Israel.

New cards
45

Abdel Nasser

An Egyptian leader who wanted to take control under the suez canal since it was under british control.

New cards
46

Suez Canal Crisis

Egypt took back the suez canal and even though Israel, England and France all reacted they were forced to give it back to them due to international Pressure.

New cards
47

Sinai Peninsula

Israel gains control in 6 days war

New cards
48

Six days war

Egypt was prepared to attack Israel by the gulf of aquaba. Israel struck their airfields and took down their air war before Egypt could attack. They fought for 6 days.

New cards
49

Golan Heights

Israel gains control in 6 days war

New cards
50

West Bank

Israel gains control in 6 days war

New cards
51

Gaza Strip

Israel gains control in 6 days war

New cards
52

PLO

A variety of palestinian factions form the Palestime Liberation Organization to try and get their country back and illiminate Israel.

New cards
53

Arafat

Chairman of the PLO, calls for ilimination of Israel, and gains support by offering refugees help.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 28 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3912 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 120 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 94 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard68 terms
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 30 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard115 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard69 terms
studied byStudied by 32 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard25 terms
studied byStudied by 18 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard64 terms
studied byStudied by 3535 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(48)