River Valley Civilizations

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Fertile Crescent

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20 Terms

1

Fertile Crescent

An area of rich farmland in Southwest Asia where the first civilizations began

<p>An area of rich farmland in Southwest Asia where the first civilizations began</p>
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2

Cuneiform

A form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets.

<p>A form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets.</p>
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3

Hammurabi's Code

Well-preserved Babylonian law code of ancient Mesopotamia famous for its "eye for an eye" justice.

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4

Ziggurat

A tiered, pyramid-shaped structure that formed part of a Sumerian temple

<p>A tiered, pyramid-shaped structure that formed part of a Sumerian temple</p>
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5

City-state

A city that governs itself.

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6

Scribe

A person who writes things down.

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7

Polytheism

Belief in or worship of more than one god.

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8

Pharaoh

A king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader.

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9

Pyramid

Huge, triangular shaped burial tombs of Egyptian pharaohs built during the Old Kingdom.

<p>Huge, triangular shaped burial tombs of Egyptian pharaohs built during the Old Kingdom.</p>
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10

Hieroglyphics

Egyptian writing that involved using pictures to represent words.

<p>Egyptian writing that involved using pictures to represent words.</p>
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11

Papyrus

A long lasting paper-like material made from reeds that was used in Egypt.

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12

Rosetta Stone

Large stone slab artifact that unlocked the mystery of Egyptian hieroglyphics and allowed them to be translated.

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13

Monsoons

Seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons in India

<p>Seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons in India</p>
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14

Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro

Two cities in the Indus River Valley

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15

Oracle Bones

Animal bones carved with written characters which were used for telling the future in ancient China.

<p>Animal bones carved with written characters which were used for telling the future in ancient China.</p>
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16

Dynastic Cycle

Rise and fall of Chinese dynasties according to the Mandate of Heaven

<p>Rise and fall of Chinese dynasties according to the Mandate of Heaven</p>
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17

Mandate of Heaven

The belief that the Chinese king's right to rule came from the gods

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18

Theocracy

A government controlled by religious leaders, found in Egypt

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19

Epic of Gilgamesh

An epic poem from Mesopotamia, and among the earliest known works of literary writing.

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20

irrigation

A way of supplying water to an area of land

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