AP English Lit Poetry Terms

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71 Terms

1

Poetry

A form of literary art which uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language to evoke meanings.

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2

Scansion

The analysis of a poem's meter, determining the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.

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3

Fixed Form (Closed Form)

Poems with prescribed structure, including specific rhyme schemes, meter, and line lengths.

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4

Free Verse

Poetry without a regular meter, rhyme scheme and with varying line length

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5

Open Form

Poetry that does not follow a regular pattern of rhyme, meter, and line length

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6

Caesura

A short pause within a line of poetry, often signaled by punctuation

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7

Enjambment

Running over from one line to the next without stoping

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8

End Rhyme

Rhyme occurring at the end of lines, providing structure and musicality to the poem.

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9

Internal Rhyme

Rhyme occurring within a single line of poetry, enhancing its musical and rhythmic quality.

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10

Slant/Near Rhyme

A near rhyme or half rhyme, where the sounds are similar but not identical, adding complexity to the poem.

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11

Eye Rhyme

Words that look like they should rhyme due to their spelling, but are pronounced differently.

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12

Rhyme Scheme

The pattern of rhymes at the end of each line in a poem, contributing to its structure and form.

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13

Iamb (Iambic)

A metrical foot consisting of two syllables, with the first unstressed and the second stressed.

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14

Trochee (Trochaic)

A metrical foot consisting of two syllables, with the first stressed and the second unstressed.

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15

Anapest (Anapestic)

A metrical foot consisting of three syllables, with the first two unstressed and the third stressed.

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16

Dactyl (Dactylic)

A metrical foot consisting of three syllables, with the first stressed and the next two unstressed.

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17

Spondee (Spondaic)

A metrical foot consisting of two stressed syllables

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18

Pyrrhic (Pyrrhic)

A metrical foot consisting of two unstressed syllables

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19

Dimeter

A line of verse consisting of two metrical feet

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20

Trimeter

A line of verse consisting of three metrical feet

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21

Tetrameter

A line of verse consisting of four metrical feet

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22

Pentameter

A line of verse consisting of five metrical feet

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23

Hexameter

A line of verse consisting of six metrical feet

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24

Heptameter

A line of verse consisting of seven metrical feet

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25

Octameter

A line of verse consisting of eight metrical feet

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26

(Italian) Petrarchan Sonnet

A sonnet form consisting of an octave with the rhyme scheme abba abba, followed by a sestet.

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27

Spenserian Sonnet

A sonnet form consisting of three quatrains with the rhyme scheme abab bcbc cdcd ee.

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28

Shakespearian Sonnet

A sonnet form consisting of three quatrains and a final couplet, with the rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef gg.

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29

Auditor

The person that the speaker is speaking to

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30

Speaker

The person who is saying the poem

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31

Quatrain

4 line stanza

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Octave

8 line stanza

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33

Sestet

6 line stanza

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34

Couplet

2 line stanza

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35

Alliteration

Repetition of initial consonant sounds

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36

Stanza

A group of lines in a poem

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37

Poetic Foot

Basic unit of poetic meter

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38

Iambic Pentameter

Poetic meter that has 5 metrical feet, each feet's first syllable is unstressed and then second stressed.

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39

Alexandrine

A 12-syllable verse with 6 iambs and a caesura after the third iamb

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40

Anadiplosis

Word at the end of one line is repeated at the beginning of the next line

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41

Apostrophe

Directly addressing an absent person or quality

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Assonance

Repetition of similar vowel sounds with different consonants

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43

Conceit

Elaborate analogy showing parallel between dissimilar things

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44

Consonance

Repetition of similar consonant sounds in stressed syllables

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45

Ekphrasis

A poem that provides a vivid description of a scene or work of art

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46

Elegy

(1) Formal lament on death, focusing on grief and reflection
(2) any lyric in a sorrowful mood that talks about death

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47

Epistrophe

Repetition of a word or phrase at the end of clauses

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48

Narrative Poem

Poem telling a story or narrative

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49

Ode

Serious lyric poem without a prescribed pattern

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50

Onomatopoeia

Word capturing the sound of what it describes

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51

Refrain

Repeated phrase or sentence at intervals in a poem

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52

Masculine rhyme

Rhyme falling on the stressed syllable

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53

Rhyme Royal

Seven-line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc

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54

Terza Rima

Three-line stanza rhymed aba, bcb, cdc, etc.

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55

Sestina

Elaborate verse structure written in blank verse, six stanzas of six lines each followed by a three line stanza.
Final words in the first stanza is repeated in the middle and end of the three lines in the final stanza

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56

Villanelle

Verse form that has 19 lines divided into 5 tercets and 1 quatrain. Some lines are repeated.

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57

Ballad

Verse narrative meant to be sung, often with refrains and repetition

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58

Limerick

Humorous verse form with anapestic lines and specific rhyme scheme

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Tercet

Three-line stanza with lines ending in the same rhyme

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60

Quintain

Five-line stanza of verse

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61

Feminine Rhyme

Rhyme of two syllables, one stressed and one unstressed. Sometimes called double rhyme.

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62

Meter

The repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry.

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63

Lyric Poem

Any short poem that presents a single speaker who expresses thoughts and feelings.

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64

Extended Metaphor

An implied analogy, or comparison, that is carried throughout a stanza or an entire poem.

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65

End-Stopped

A line with a pause at the end, ends with a punctuation

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66

Allusion

A brief, often implicit and indirect reference within a literary text to something outside the text

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67

Monometer

One foot per line

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68

Rhythm

Modulation of stressed and unstressed elements in the flow of speech, often expressed in meter.

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69

Sonnet

Usually a 14 line iambic pentameter poem

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70

Anaphora

A word or group of words is repeated at the beginning of clauses

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71

Blank meter/verse

An un-rhyming verse written in iambic pentameter.

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