Terms - Chapter 3

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EMS

189 Terms

1

abduct

to move away from the midline

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2

adjacent

being near or close

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3

anemia

No blood

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4

antepartum

before birth

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5

antigen

A substance that when introduced into the body stimulates the production of an antibody

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6

apnea

cessation of breathing

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7

bilateral

pertaining to two sides

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8

bipolar

having two poles

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9

bradygastria

decreased rate of electrical pacemaker activity in the stomach

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10

circumcision

Circular cut

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11

congenital

Irregularity present at birth (having 6 fingers)

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12

contraindicated

Against recommendation

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13

cyanosis

bluish discoloration of the skin

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14

decongestant

A medication or treatment that decreases congestion, as of the sinuses

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15

dextrogastria

Displacement of the stomach to the right

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16

diameter

through measurement

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17

diatomic

having two atoms

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18

diplopic

pertaining to double vision

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19

disinfect

To cleanse so as to destroy or prevent the growth of disease-carrying microorganisms

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20

dysplasia

abnormal development in numbers

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21

dyspnea

difficulty in breathing

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22

dystrophy

poor development

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23

dysuria

painful sensation upon urination

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24

ectopic

out of normal position

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25

endometrial

Within the uterus

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26

epidermis

above the skin

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27

equicaloric

Equal in terms of calories

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28

erythrocyte

red blood cell

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29

eupnea

Normal breathing

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30

exophthalmos

(Graves disease) protrusion of the eyeball to the outside

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31

extrahepatic

outside the liver

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32

hemiplegia

one side paralysis

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33

heterosexual

A person whose sexual orientation is toward people of the opposite sex

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34

homeostasis

A property of cells, tissues, and organisms that allows the maintenance and regulation of the stability

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35

homosexual

Having a sexual orientation to persons of the same sex

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36

hypertension

High blood pressure

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37

hyperthyroidism

over activity of the thyroid gland

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38

hypoglycemia

low blood sugar

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39

hypothyroidism

abnormally low activity of the thyroid gland

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40

impermeable

not allowing fluid to pass through

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41

infrascapular

below the shoulder blade

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42

insignificant

having no importance

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43

interstitial

Relating to or situated in the small, narrow spaces between tissues or parts of an organ

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44

intravenous

within the vein

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45

isochromatic

Having the same color

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46

juxtaposition

A location near another structure

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47

leukoplakia

having white patches in the mouth

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48

macrodactyly

A condition of abnormally large fingers or toes

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49

malignant

cancerous tumor that spreads like fire

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50

megalomania

A psychopathological condition characterized by delusional fantasies of wealth, power, or omnipotence

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51

melanin

the dark pigment that colors the hair and skin

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52

mesoderm

Middle layer of a developing embryo

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53

microbiological

The branch of biology that deals with microorganisms

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54

microdactyly

A condition of abnormal smallness of fingers or toes

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55

monocular

A microscope with one lens

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56

monodactyly

An animal having only one digit on each extremity

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57

multicellular

Consisting of many cells

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58

neocortex

The dorsal region of the cerebral cortex, especially large in primates, thought to have evolved more recently than other parts of the brain

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59

nonhuman

not appropriate to human beings

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60

normothermic

Having normal body temperature

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61

oligodactyly

Congenital condition in which some fingers or toes are missing

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62

oligodontia

Less than the normal number of teeth

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63

orthognathism

The condition of having straight jaws

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64

pachydactyly

abnormal thickness of the fingers

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65

pachydactyly

Enlargement of the fingers or toes, especially extremities

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66

panplegia

total paralysis

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67

parathyroid gland

A location Near the thyroid gland

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68

peritoneal

peritoneum

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69

permeable

capable of being penetrated by liquids or gases

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70

poikilothermic

Having different body temperature

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71

poliomyelitis

inflammation of the gray matter of the brain

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72

polydactyly

A person or animal with digits more than the normal number of digits

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73

polyphagia

excessive appetite

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74

postmortem

after death

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75

premenstrual

period before menstruation

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76

primary

occurring first in time or sequence

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77

primitive

occurring first in time or sequence

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78

prophase

first stage of cell division

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79

prosthesis

artificial limb added to the body

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80

pseudogenes

A segment of DNA that resembles a gene but Is not functional and usually not transcribed

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81

quadriplegia

paralysis of four limbs

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82

resection

Cutting back and forth in a sense of removal

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83

retrogastric

behind the stomach

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84

semilunar

shaped like a half moon

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85

sinistromanual

left-handed

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86

staphylococcus

round bacteria that form clusters

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87

streptobacillus

a rod-shaped bacterium that forms chains

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88

subpatellar

below the kneecap

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89

supernumerary

In excess number

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90

superscript

Something written above

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91

supraabdominal

above the abdomen

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92

symbiosis

Two dissimilar organisms living together

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93

syndactyly

A congenital anomaly in humans marked by webbing or fusion of the fingers or toes

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94

syndrome

Group of signs and symptoms that occur together

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95

tachycardia

rapid heart rhythm

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96

telencephalon

Endbrain

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97

telophase

Last stage of cell division

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98

tetrad

four components

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99

tetradactyly

Having four digits on each extremity

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100

transdermal

pertaining to through the skin

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