Terms - Chapter 3

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abduct

to move away from the midline

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adjacent

being near or close

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anemia

No blood

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antepartum

before birth

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antigen

A substance that when introduced into the body stimulates the production of an antibody

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apnea

cessation of breathing

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bilateral

pertaining to two sides

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bipolar

having two poles

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bradygastria

decreased rate of electrical pacemaker activity in the stomach

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circumcision

Circular cut

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congenital

Irregularity present at birth (having 6 fingers)

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contraindicated

Against recommendation

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cyanosis

bluish discoloration of the skin

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decongestant

A medication or treatment that decreases congestion, as of the sinuses

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dextrogastria

Displacement of the stomach to the right

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diameter

through measurement

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diatomic

having two atoms

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diplopic

pertaining to double vision

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disinfect

To cleanse so as to destroy or prevent the growth of disease-carrying microorganisms

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dysplasia

abnormal development in numbers

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dyspnea

difficulty in breathing

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dystrophy

poor development

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dysuria

painful sensation upon urination

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ectopic

out of normal position

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endometrial

Within the uterus

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epidermis

above the skin

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equicaloric

Equal in terms of calories

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erythrocyte

red blood cell

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eupnea

Normal breathing

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exophthalmos

(Graves disease) protrusion of the eyeball to the outside

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extrahepatic

outside the liver

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hemiplegia

one side paralysis

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heterosexual

A person whose sexual orientation is toward people of the opposite sex

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homeostasis

A property of cells, tissues, and organisms that allows the maintenance and regulation of the stability

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homosexual

Having a sexual orientation to persons of the same sex

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hypertension

High blood pressure

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hyperthyroidism

over activity of the thyroid gland

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hypoglycemia

low blood sugar

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hypothyroidism

abnormally low activity of the thyroid gland

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impermeable

not allowing fluid to pass through

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infrascapular

below the shoulder blade

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insignificant

having no importance

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interstitial

Relating to or situated in the small, narrow spaces between tissues or parts of an organ

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intravenous

within the vein

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isochromatic

Having the same color

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juxtaposition

A location near another structure

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leukoplakia

having white patches in the mouth

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macrodactyly

A condition of abnormally large fingers or toes

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malignant

cancerous tumor that spreads like fire

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megalomania

A psychopathological condition characterized by delusional fantasies of wealth, power, or omnipotence

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melanin

the dark pigment that colors the hair and skin

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mesoderm

Middle layer of a developing embryo

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microbiological

The branch of biology that deals with microorganisms

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microdactyly

A condition of abnormal smallness of fingers or toes

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monocular

A microscope with one lens

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monodactyly

An animal having only one digit on each extremity

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multicellular

Consisting of many cells

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neocortex

The dorsal region of the cerebral cortex, especially large in primates, thought to have evolved more recently than other parts of the brain

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nonhuman

not appropriate to human beings

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normothermic

Having normal body temperature

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oligodactyly

Congenital condition in which some fingers or toes are missing

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oligodontia

Less than the normal number of teeth

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orthognathism

The condition of having straight jaws

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pachydactyly

abnormal thickness of the fingers

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pachydactyly

Enlargement of the fingers or toes, especially extremities

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panplegia

total paralysis

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parathyroid gland

A location Near the thyroid gland

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peritoneal

peritoneum

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permeable

capable of being penetrated by liquids or gases

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poikilothermic

Having different body temperature

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poliomyelitis

inflammation of the gray matter of the brain

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polydactyly

A person or animal with digits more than the normal number of digits

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polyphagia

excessive appetite

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postmortem

after death

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premenstrual

period before menstruation

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primary

occurring first in time or sequence

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primitive

occurring first in time or sequence

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prophase

first stage of cell division

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prosthesis

artificial limb added to the body

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pseudogenes

A segment of DNA that resembles a gene but Is not functional and usually not transcribed

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quadriplegia

paralysis of four limbs

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resection

Cutting back and forth in a sense of removal

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retrogastric

behind the stomach

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semilunar

shaped like a half moon

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sinistromanual

left-handed

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staphylococcus

round bacteria that form clusters

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streptobacillus

a rod-shaped bacterium that forms chains

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subpatellar

below the kneecap

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supernumerary

In excess number

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superscript

Something written above

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supraabdominal

above the abdomen

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symbiosis

Two dissimilar organisms living together

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syndactyly

A congenital anomaly in humans marked by webbing or fusion of the fingers or toes

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syndrome

Group of signs and symptoms that occur together

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tachycardia

rapid heart rhythm

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telencephalon

Endbrain

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telophase

Last stage of cell division

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tetrad

four components

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tetradactyly

Having four digits on each extremity

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transdermal

pertaining to through the skin

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