Med. Term Abbreviations - H-I, K-P

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Medicine

177 Terms

1

H

Hydrogen

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2

h,hr

hour

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3

HAART

highly active antiretroviral therapy (for AIDS)

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4

HB, hgb, Hgb

hemoglobin

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5

HbAlc

glycosylated hemoglobin (measured to test for diabetes)

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6

HBV

hepatitis B virus

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7

HCC

Hepatocellular carcinoma

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8

HCG, hCG

human chorionic gonadotropin (secreted during pregnancy)

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9

Het, HCT

hematocrit

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10

HCV

hepatitis C virus

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11

HD

hemodialysis (performed by artificial kidney machine); heart disease high-density

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12

HDL

high-density lipoprotein (associated with decreased incidence of coronary artery disease)

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13

HEENT

head, eyes, ears, nose, throat

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14

Hg

Mercury

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15

Hgb, hgb, Hb

hemoglobin

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16

HIPAA

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996

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17

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

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18

h/o

history of

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19

H2O

water

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20

H&P

history and physical (examination

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21

HPV

human papillomavirus

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22

HRT

hormone replacement therapy

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23

h.s.

at bedtime (hora somni)

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24

HSG

hysterosalpingography

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25

HSV-1, HSV-2

herpes simplex virus type 1, type 2

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26

HTN

hypertension

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27

Hx

history

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28

I

Iodine

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29

I-131

Iodine-131 (radioactive iodine)

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30

I&D

incision and drainage

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31

IBD

inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis)

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32

IBS

irritable bowel syndrome (of unknown etiology)

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33

ICD

implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

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34

ICU

intensive care unit

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35

ID

infectious disease

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36

IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM

immunoglobulins (antibodies)

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37

IM

intramuscular; infectious mononucleosis

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38

INH

isoniazid (drug to treat tuberculosis)

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39

INR

international normalized ratio (system for reporting results of blood coagulation tests)

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40

I&O

intake and output (measurement of patient's fluids)

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41

IOL

intraocular lens (implant)

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42

IUD

intrauterine device (contraceptive)

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43

IV

intravenous

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44

IVF

in vitro fertilization

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45

IVP

intravenous pyelography; intravenous push

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46

K

Potassium

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47

kg

kilogram (1 kg=1000 grams)

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48

KS

Kaposi sarcoma (malignant lesion associated with AIDS)

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49

KUB

kidney, ureter, bladder (x-ray study without contrast)

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50

L, l

left; liter; lower

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51

L1, L2

first lumbar vertebra, second lumbar vertebra

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52

LA

Left atrium

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53

LAD

left anterior descending artery (of the heart); lymphadenopathy

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54

lat

lateral

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55

LBP

low back pain; low blood pressure

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56

LDH

lactic dehydrogenase (elevation associated with heart attacks)

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57

LDL

low-density lipoprotein (high levels associated with heart disease)

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58

LE

lupus erythematosus

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59

LEEP

loop electrocautery excision procedure

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60

LES

lower esophageal sphincter

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61

LFTs

liver function tests

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62

LLQ

left lower quadrant (abdomen)

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63

LMP

last menstrual period

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64

LP

lumbar puncture

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65

LPM

licensed practical nurse

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66

LTB

laryngotracheal bronchitis (croup)

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67

LUQ

left upper quadrant (abdomen)

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68

LV

left ventricle

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69

LVAD

left ventricular assist device (bridge to cardiac transplantation)

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70

L&W

living and well

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71

lymphs

lymphocytes

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72

lytes

electrolytes

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73

m

meter; milli (one thousandth)

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74

MAC

monitored anesthesia care

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75

MCH

mean corpuscular hemoglobin (amount in each red blood cell)

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76

MCHC

mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (amount per unit of blood)

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77

MCV

mean corpuscular volume (size of individual RBC)

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78

MD, M.D.

doctor of medicine; muscular dystrophy

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79

MDI

metered dose inhaler

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80

MDS

myelodysplastic syndrome (a bone marrow disorder)

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81

mets

metastases

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82

mg

milligram (1mg=1/1000g)

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83

Mg

Magnesium

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84

MH

marital history; mental health

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85

MI

myocardial infarction (heart attack)

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86

mL

milliliter (1mL=1/1000 liter)

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87

mm

millimeter (1mm=1/1000m)

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88

mm Hg

millimeters of mercury (units for measurement of blood pressure)

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89

mono

monocytes (type of white blood cell)

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90

MRA

magnetic resonance angiography

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91

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

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92

MRSA

methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus

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93

MS

mental status; mitral stenosis; multiple sclerosis

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94

MSW

medical social worker

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95

MTD

maximum tolerated dose

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96

MVP

mitral valve prolapse

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97

myop

myopia (nearsightedness)

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98

N

Nitrogen

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99

Na

Sodium

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100

NB

newborn

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