Med. Term Abbreviations - H-I, K-P

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177 Terms
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H

Hydrogen

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h,hr

hour

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HAART

highly active antiretroviral therapy (for AIDS)

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HB, hgb, Hgb

hemoglobin

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HbAlc

glycosylated hemoglobin (measured to test for diabetes)

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HBV

hepatitis B virus

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HCC

Hepatocellular carcinoma

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HCG, hCG

human chorionic gonadotropin (secreted during pregnancy)

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Het, HCT

hematocrit

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HCV

hepatitis C virus

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HD

hemodialysis (performed by artificial kidney machine); heart disease high-density

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HDL

high-density lipoprotein (associated with decreased incidence of coronary artery disease)

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HEENT

head, eyes, ears, nose, throat

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Hg

Mercury

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Hgb, hgb, Hb

hemoglobin

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HIPAA

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996

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HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

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h/o

history of

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H2O

water

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H&P

history and physical (examination

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HPV

human papillomavirus

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HRT

hormone replacement therapy

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h.s.

at bedtime (hora somni)

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HSG

hysterosalpingography

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HSV-1, HSV-2

herpes simplex virus type 1, type 2

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HTN

hypertension

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Hx

history

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I

Iodine

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I-131

Iodine-131 (radioactive iodine)

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I&D

incision and drainage

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IBD

inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis)

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IBS

irritable bowel syndrome (of unknown etiology)

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ICD

implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

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ICU

intensive care unit

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ID

infectious disease

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IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM

immunoglobulins (antibodies)

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IM

intramuscular; infectious mononucleosis

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INH

isoniazid (drug to treat tuberculosis)

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INR

international normalized ratio (system for reporting results of blood coagulation tests)

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I&O

intake and output (measurement of patient's fluids)

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IOL

intraocular lens (implant)

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IUD

intrauterine device (contraceptive)

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IV

intravenous

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IVF

in vitro fertilization

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IVP

intravenous pyelography; intravenous push

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K

Potassium

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kg

kilogram (1 kg=1000 grams)

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KS

Kaposi sarcoma (malignant lesion associated with AIDS)

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KUB

kidney, ureter, bladder (x-ray study without contrast)

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L, l

left; liter; lower

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L1, L2

first lumbar vertebra, second lumbar vertebra

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LA

Left atrium

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LAD

left anterior descending artery (of the heart); lymphadenopathy

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lat

lateral

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LBP

low back pain; low blood pressure

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LDH

lactic dehydrogenase (elevation associated with heart attacks)

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LDL

low-density lipoprotein (high levels associated with heart disease)

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LE

lupus erythematosus

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LEEP

loop electrocautery excision procedure

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LES

lower esophageal sphincter

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LFTs

liver function tests

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LLQ

left lower quadrant (abdomen)

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LMP

last menstrual period

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LP

lumbar puncture

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LPM

licensed practical nurse

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LTB

laryngotracheal bronchitis (croup)

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LUQ

left upper quadrant (abdomen)

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LV

left ventricle

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LVAD

left ventricular assist device (bridge to cardiac transplantation)

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L&W

living and well

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lymphs

lymphocytes

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lytes

electrolytes

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m

meter; milli (one thousandth)

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MAC

monitored anesthesia care

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MCH

mean corpuscular hemoglobin (amount in each red blood cell)

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MCHC

mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (amount per unit of blood)

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MCV

mean corpuscular volume (size of individual RBC)

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MD, M.D.

doctor of medicine; muscular dystrophy

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MDI

metered dose inhaler

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MDS

myelodysplastic syndrome (a bone marrow disorder)

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mets

metastases

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mg

milligram (1mg=1/1000g)

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Mg

Magnesium

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MH

marital history; mental health

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