ART HIST 201A EXAM 2

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greek, classical period; located in Athens

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greek, classical period; located in Athens

<p>Parthenon</p>

Parthenon

<p>Parthenon</p>
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covered with combat scenes such as a fight between the centaur and lapith; was an allegory for myths as well as a commentary of recent events--persian war

<p>Parthenon</p>

Parthenon

<p>Parthenon</p>
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Greek classical period; is from the Parthenon, metope relief sculture

<p>Lapith and Centaur</p>

Lapith and Centaur

<p>Lapith and Centaur</p>
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commentary on recent Persian war; was seen as symbolic of the great conflict of the civilized Greeks and "Barbarians";

<p>Lapith and Centaur</p>

Lapith and Centaur

<p>Lapith and Centaur</p>
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is considered iconic, and had a now lost text alongside it with instructions on how to recreate the human form.

<p>Polykleitos, Spear Bearer (Roman copy)</p>

Polykleitos, Spear Bearer (Roman copy)

<p>Polykleitos, Spear Bearer (Roman copy)</p>
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Greek classical period, is a roman copy of the original bronze Greek sculpture; Polykleitos is the artist

<p>Polykleitos, Spear Bearer</p>

Polykleitos, Spear Bearer

<p>Polykleitos, Spear Bearer</p>
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the epitome of woman in classical Greek art; is an image of Aphrodite; Made for the Temple of Aphrodite at Knidos as a devotion monument

<p>Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos (Roman copy)</p>

Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos (Roman copy)

<p>Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos (Roman copy)</p>
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Greek Classical period; roman copy, artist is praxiteles

<p>Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos</p>

Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos

<p>Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos</p>
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a krater depicting Artemis killing a mortal who gawked at her while she was bathing (girlboss moment?)

<p>Artemis Slaying Actaeon</p>

Artemis Slaying Actaeon

<p>Artemis Slaying Actaeon</p>
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Pan Painter, Greek Classical Period; More naturalistic and has a sense of motion. Not a freeze frame like the Archiec period.

<p>Artemis Slaying Actaeon</p>

Artemis Slaying Actaeon

<p>Artemis Slaying Actaeon</p>
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Greek Hellenistic Period; depicts an enemy of greece struggling against serpents alongside his sons. represents mankind

<p>Laocoon</p>

Laocoon

<p>Laocoon</p>
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(mythology) the person depicted was trojan a priest or soothsayer who tried to warn against the Trojan horse; the statue depicts the priest being punished for trying to thwart the Greek's plan

<p>Laocoon</p>

Laocoon

<p>Laocoon</p>
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Roman empire; looks like a classical greek piece, however the difference is that the romans created individualized faces (greek faces were more general/a depiction of what is perfect)

<p>Augustus of Primaporta</p>

Augustus of Primaporta

<p>Augustus of Primaporta</p>
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It represents an emperor as he wanted to be seen and remembered (as he conquered Egypt and the roman empire began); He claimed to be related to Venus himself, and carried out the phophecy that one day his family will rule the world. this is shown with the small cupid at his feet (who is related to venus); torso armor is covered with figural imagery.

<p>Augustus of Primaporta</p>

Augustus of Primaporta

<p>Augustus of Primaporta</p>
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Roman Empire, low relief engraved/carved gem; associated with Augustus; Most likely sent as a gift as a recognition of their accomplishment and showed what will happen when I die (Tyberius will be emperor).

<p>Gemma Augustea</p>

Gemma Augustea

<p>Gemma Augustea</p>
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depicts Augustus being crowned a god in the afterlife; Depicts Augustus in the afterworld, sitting next to personification of Rome, Tiberius [top far left] who just conquered some Barbarians [bottom]; They put the defeated armour head gear on a pole as a flag to announce their victory.

<p>Gemma Augustea</p>

Gemma Augustea

<p>Gemma Augustea</p>
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found in the Villa of Mysteries, Pompeii; Roman Empire

<p>Initiation Rites of the Cult of Bacchus</p>

Initiation Rites of the Cult of Bacchus

<p>Initiation Rites of the Cult of Bacchus</p>
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Portrayed the intitiation rites of a mustery religion, most likely the cult of Bacchus; was likely commissioned to commemorate the commissioner joining the cult

<p>Initiation Rites of the Cult of Bacchus</p>

Initiation Rites of the Cult of Bacchus

<p>Initiation Rites of the Cult of Bacchus</p>
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Colosseum, Roman ; became known as such because of statue of Nero next to it called Colossus. Flavian comes from the surname of the e emperor ho commissioned

<p>Flavian Amphitheatre</p>

Flavian Amphitheatre

<p>Flavian Amphitheatre</p>
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Its purpose was to be an enormous entertainment center. it became the main source of entertainment and became very profitable for them. It was converted into a church, which is why it still stands today.

<p>Flavian Amphitheatre</p>

Flavian Amphitheatre

<p>Flavian Amphitheatre</p>
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Roman; It commemorated the emperor's successful military campaigns against the Dacians with hundres of relief sculpture.

<p>Column of Trajan</p>

Column of Trajan

<p>Column of Trajan</p>
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Trajan has been removed, replaced with St. Peter [patron saint of Rome]

<p>Column of Trajan</p>

Column of Trajan

<p>Column of Trajan</p>
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Roman; named after the Pantheon of Gods and Goddesses; used to include a large eagle to represent Jupiter on the front

<p>Pantheon</p>

Pantheon

<p>Pantheon</p>
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most famous roman temple; It's known for it's dome known as the "oculus" and was dedicated to be a temple for all the gods (pan = all , theos = gods)

<p>Pantheon</p>

Pantheon

<p>Pantheon</p>
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Roman; depicts one of the "good" Roman emperors who had the best interest of their people rather than themselves

<p>Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius</p>

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius

<p>Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius</p>
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preserved due to belief that it was Constantine [he allowed Christians to practice and build churches]; is very identifiable(?)

<p>Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius</p>

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius

<p>Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius</p>
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Roman; Hercules cosplay (he wanted to be associated with Hercules)

<p>Bust of Commodus</p>

Bust of Commodus

<p>Bust of Commodus</p>
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his gf tried to assassinate him??? he got strangled by a wrestler named narcissus in the bath(???)

<p>Bust of Commodus</p>

Bust of Commodus

<p>Bust of Commodus</p>
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Roman; He was accused of killing his own brother and would be depicted as very cruel

<p>Bust of Caracalla</p>

Bust of Caracalla

<p>Bust of Caracalla</p>
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was a very thin skinned person, punished the people of Alexandria for putting on a play that slandered him

<p>Bust of Caracalla</p>

Bust of Caracalla

<p>Bust of Caracalla</p>
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Early Christian Catacomb, located in Rome; was made before Christianity was legal. if a roman were to look at these images, they likely wouldn't think it is Christian; The image was a reminder of jesus's promise " I am the good shepherd. A good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep."

<p>Good Shepard, Orants, and Jonah</p>

Good Shepard, Orants, and Jonah

<p>Good Shepard, Orants, and Jonah</p>
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A sequence of images that could be interpreted as roman or pagan individually. however the shape that it is arranged in (the shape of a cross) gives it Christian meaning. old myths with similar symbolism to the bible were used so Christian people understood what it was meant to be.

<p>Good Shepard, Orants, and Jonah</p>

Good Shepard, Orants, and Jonah

<p>Good Shepard, Orants, and Jonah</p>
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Byzantine, Ravenna. Inside contains mosaics

<p>Oratory of Galla Placidia</p>

Oratory of Galla Placidia

<p>Oratory of Galla Placidia</p>
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The building was dedicated to St. Lawrence, but today bears the name of Galla Placidia (daughter of roman emperor Theodoresius I)

<p>Oratory of Galla Placidia</p>

Oratory of Galla Placidia

<p>Oratory of Galla Placidia</p>
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Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Byzantine, Ravenna; St Lawrence is standing over where we was roasted

<p>Martyrdom of St. Lawrence</p>

Martyrdom of St. Lawrence

<p>Martyrdom of St. Lawrence</p>
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On the left stands a tall cabinet containing the gospels signifying the faith for which he gave his life. (St Lawrence)

<p>Martyrdom of St. Lawrence</p>

Martyrdom of St. Lawrence

<p>Martyrdom of St. Lawrence</p>
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Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Byzantine, Ravenna; purple garmet over lap associates imperial family with Jesus; meaning God is on their side

<p>Good Shepherd, mosaic</p>

Good Shepherd, mosaic

<p>Good Shepherd, mosaic</p>
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located over entrance of Oratory of Galla Placidia; represents a transition period between naturalistic depiction of the classical period into the representation of the medieval period.

<p>Good Shepherd, mosaic</p>

Good Shepherd, mosaic

<p>Good Shepherd, mosaic</p>
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Constantinople (Istanbul), Byzantine; commissioned by Justinian, the 4 towers were added 1,000 year after the structure was finished

<p>Church of Hagia Sophia</p>

Church of Hagia Sophia

<p>Church of Hagia Sophia</p>
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built in 5 years; originally a church; Made to symbolize and emobidy imperial power and Christian glory; was changed into a Mosque later on

<p>Church of Hagia Sophia</p>

Church of Hagia Sophia

<p>Church of Hagia Sophia</p>
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mosaic, Church of San Vitale, Ravenna, Byzantine; -shows Justinian with clergy and military; includes the Chi Rho - a symbol of Christianity

<p>Emperor Justinian and His Attendants</p>

Emperor Justinian and His Attendants

<p>Emperor Justinian and His Attendants</p>
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mosaic, Church of San Vitale, Ravenna, Byzantine; Is opposite Justinian's mosaic; Theodora was a circus performer in a previous life; depicts sacrifices being made to the church

<p>Empress Theodora and Her Attendants</p>

Empress Theodora and Her Attendants

<p>Empress Theodora and Her Attendants</p>
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Byzantine, Monastery of St. Catherine, Mt. Sinai, Egypt; Monks did not destroy St. Catherine's monastery, preserving this icon

<p>Icon of the Virgin and Child with Saints Theodore &amp; George and Angels</p>

Icon of the Virgin and Child with Saints Theodore & George and Angels

<p>Icon of the Virgin and Child with Saints Theodore &amp; George and Angels</p>
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very old piece that is a survivor of the Early Byzantine Empire destruction stuff; The icon was very old and hidden away.

<p>Icon of the Virgin and Child with Saints Theodore &amp; George and Angels</p>

Icon of the Virgin and Child with Saints Theodore & George and Angels

<p>Icon of the Virgin and Child with Saints Theodore &amp; George and Angels</p>
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icon, Russia, Byzantine; named after Russian town of Vladimir-miraculous icon; Not interested in naturualism but more focused on the christian message

<p>Virgin of Vladimir</p>

Virgin of Vladimir

<p>Virgin of Vladimir</p>
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miraculous icon; was believed to have protected from invasions multiple times

<p>Virgin of Vladimir</p>

Virgin of Vladimir

<p>Virgin of Vladimir</p>
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Constantinople, Byzantine; Shows the standard Byzantine representation of Christ's ressurection

<p>Anastasis (Resurrection)</p>

Anastasis (Resurrection)

<p>Anastasis (Resurrection)</p>
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We know it is resurrection because of the nymbus behind him which shows the heavenly clouds.

<p>Anastasis (Resurrection)</p>

Anastasis (Resurrection)

<p>Anastasis (Resurrection)</p>
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The Kaaba, Mecca

<p>Islamic; most sacred place in what is now Saudi Arabia; The Kaaba is asymbolic center of the islamic world, the place to which all Muslim prayer is directed and the ultimate destination of Islam&apos;s obligatory pilgrimage, the hajj.</p>

Islamic; most sacred place in what is now Saudi Arabia; The Kaaba is asymbolic center of the islamic world, the place to which all Muslim prayer is directed and the ultimate destination of Islam's obligatory pilgrimage, the hajj.

<p>Islamic; most sacred place in what is now Saudi Arabia; The Kaaba is asymbolic center of the islamic world, the place to which all Muslim prayer is directed and the ultimate destination of Islam&apos;s obligatory pilgrimage, the hajj.</p>
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The Kaaba, Mecca

<p>symbol of pilgrimage, represents the triumph of Islam when it used to be Polytheistic</p>

symbol of pilgrimage, represents the triumph of Islam when it used to be Polytheistic

<p>symbol of pilgrimage, represents the triumph of Islam when it used to be Polytheistic</p>
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Dome of the Rock

<p>Jerusalem, Islamic covers a rock significant to 3 different monotheistic faiths</p>

Jerusalem, Islamic covers a rock significant to 3 different monotheistic faiths

<p>Jerusalem, Islamic covers a rock significant to 3 different monotheistic faiths</p>
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Dome of the Rock

<p>emphasis on the dome with gilding; use of color-- it is highly decorated; typical inclusion of text from the Quran</p>

emphasis on the dome with gilding; use of color-- it is highly decorated; typical inclusion of text from the Quran

<p>emphasis on the dome with gilding; use of color-- it is highly decorated; typical inclusion of text from the Quran</p>
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Great Mosque of Kairouan

<p>Tunisia, Islamic; aligned to face mecca</p>

Tunisia, Islamic; aligned to face mecca

<p>Tunisia, Islamic; aligned to face mecca</p>
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Great Mosque of Kairouan

<p>It shows that the Kairouan would become a cosmopolitan metropolis under storng Muslim control.</p>

It shows that the Kairouan would become a cosmopolitan metropolis under storng Muslim control.

<p>It shows that the Kairouan would become a cosmopolitan metropolis under storng Muslim control.</p>
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Jug with Sphinxes and Harpies

<p>Iran, Islamic; was likely a marriage gift</p>

Iran, Islamic; was likely a marriage gift

<p>Iran, Islamic; was likely a marriage gift</p>
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Jug with Sphinxes and Harpies

<p>the sphinxes and harpies look at each other with affectionate gazes, there is a love poem at the base</p>

the sphinxes and harpies look at each other with affectionate gazes, there is a love poem at the base

<p>the sphinxes and harpies look at each other with affectionate gazes, there is a love poem at the base</p>
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Sinan, Mosque of Sultan Selim

<p>made by Sinan; Turkey, Islamic; Commissioned by Sultan Selim II</p>

made by Sinan; Turkey, Islamic; Commissioned by Sultan Selim II

<p>made by Sinan; Turkey, Islamic; Commissioned by Sultan Selim II</p>
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Sinan, Mosque of Sultan Selim

<p>homage to the Hagia Sophia</p>

homage to the Hagia Sophia

<p>homage to the Hagia Sophia</p>
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Illuminated Tugra of Sultan Suleiman

<p>Turkey, Islamic, a piece of calligraphy</p>

Turkey, Islamic, a piece of calligraphy

<p>Turkey, Islamic, a piece of calligraphy</p>
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lluminated Tugra of Sultan Suleiman

<p>was used to authenticate things; was essentially the Sultan&apos;s signature</p>

was used to authenticate things; was essentially the Sultan's signature

<p>was used to authenticate things; was essentially the Sultan&apos;s signature</p>
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Iran, Islamic; very vivid ceramic tile work, naturalistic plant shapes with text

<p>Great Mosque of Isfahan</p>

Great Mosque of Isfahan

<p>Great Mosque of Isfahan</p>
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silk textile; Islamic

<p>the Shroud of St. Josse</p>

the Shroud of St. Josse

<p>the Shroud of St. Josse</p>
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repurposed military banner that was gifted to a church; used to shroud the bones of St. Josse

<p>the Shroud of St. Josse</p>

the Shroud of St. Josse

<p>the Shroud of St. Josse</p>
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