anatomical terms to know

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111 Terms

1

ab-

away from

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2

ad-

toward, near

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3

-algia

pain

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4

ante-

before, forward

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5

circum-

around

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6

contra-

against, opposite

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7

dia-

through, apart

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8

dynia-

pain

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9

ad-

above, over, upon

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10

exo-

outside of, outward

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11

ad-

toward, near

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12

-ic

pertaining to

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13

infra-

below, beneath

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14

inter-

between

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15

intra-

within

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16

dia-

through, apart

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17

macr/o

pain

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18

epi-

after, behind

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19

micro-

small

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20

para-

alongside, near, beyond abnormal

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21

-ic

pertaining to

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22

exo-

outside of, outward

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23

-genesis

production, formation

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24

-ic

pertaining to

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25

infra-

below, beneath

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26

inter-

between

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27

meta-

after, behind

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28

micro-

small

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29

3 components of homeostasis and feedback

  1. receptor

  2. control center

  3. effector

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30

4 effectors of the body

  1. skeletal muscle

  2. smooth muscle

  3. cardiac muscle

  4. endocrine glands

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31

negative feedback

the response cancels or counteracts the original stimulus

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32

peri-

around, surrounding

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33

adip(o)

relating to fat

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34

-algia

pain

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35

-ic

pertaining to

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36

infra-

below, beneath

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37

inter-

between

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38

hidr/o

sweat

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39

ab-

away from

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40

onych/o

toward, near

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41

what is homeostasis

regulation of multiple factors within the body

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42

homeostasis is regulated by

  1. nervous system (rapid)

  2. hormones (slower)

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43

3 components of homeostasis and feedback

  1. receptor

  2. control center

  3. effector

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44

psuedo-

false

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45

seb/o

sebum

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46

strata

layer

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47

epimysium

surrounds entire muscle

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48

perimysium

surrounds fascicles

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49

epi-

after, behind

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50

3 layers of connective tissue extend from fascia to strengthen and protect the muscle as a…

tendon

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51

rectus

parallel to the midline

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52

transverse

perpendicular to the midline

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53

oblique

diagonal to the midline

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54

flexor

decreases joint angle

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55

extensor

decreases joint angle

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56

abductor

moves away from the midline

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57

which 2 systems maintain homeostasis

nervous and endocrine

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58

name the 4 main body cavities

  1. cranial

  2. vertebral

  3. thoracic

  4. abdominopelvic

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59

what are serous membranes?

thin, slippery, double layer membranes that covers organs within the thoracic and abdominal cavities and lines the walls of the thorax and abdomen

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60

3 parts of serous membranes

  1. parietal layer — lines the walls of cavities

  2. visceral layer — adheres to the organs within the cavities

  3. serous fluid — lubricating fluid

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61

-clast

break, breaking

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62

condyle

smooth articular surface

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63

cost/o

rib

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64

cox/o

hip

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65

crani/o

skull

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66

foramen

opening

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67

fossa

hollow area

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68

-itis

inflammation

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69

mega-

enlargement

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70

-oid

resembling

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71

ped/o

foot, child

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72

-physis

growth, growing

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73

pod/o

foot

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74

xiph/o

sword shaped, xiphoid

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75

zyg/o

union, junction

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76

-asthenia, asthnen/o

weakness

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77

erg/o

work

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78

fasci/o

fascia

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79

lei/o

smooth

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80

-lysis

dissolution, breakdown

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81

my/o, myso/o

muscle

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82

pale/o

old

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83

rectus

straight

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84

-stasis

standing still, standing

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85

sthen/o, -sthenia

strength

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86

-stroma

supporting tissue of an organ

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87

syndesm/o

ligament, connective tissue

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88

ten/o, tenont/o

tendon

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89

ton/o

tone, tension

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90

adductor

moves toward midline

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91

deltoid

triangular shape

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92

trapezius

trapezoid shape

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93

biceps

has 2 origins

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94

triceps

has 3 origins

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95

quadriceps

has 4 origins

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96

hematopoiesis

blood cell production

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97

process

projection or bump

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98

ramus

extension of a bone making an angle

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99

trochanter

large, rough projection; only in femur

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100

tuberosity

smaller, rough projection

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