anatomical terms to know

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111 Terms
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ab-

away from

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ad-

toward, near

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-algia

pain

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ante-

before, forward

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circum-

around

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contra-

against, opposite

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dia-

through, apart

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dynia-

pain

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ad-

above, over, upon

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exo-

outside of, outward

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ad-

toward, near

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-ic

pertaining to

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infra-

below, beneath

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inter-

between

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intra-

within

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dia-

through, apart

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macr/o

pain

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epi-

after, behind

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micro-

small

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para-

alongside, near, beyond abnormal

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-ic

pertaining to

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exo-

outside of, outward

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-genesis

production, formation

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-ic

pertaining to

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infra-

below, beneath

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inter-

between

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meta-

after, behind

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micro-

small

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3 components of homeostasis and feedback

  1. receptor

  2. control center

  3. effector

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4 effectors of the body

  1. skeletal muscle

  2. smooth muscle

  3. cardiac muscle

  4. endocrine glands

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negative feedback

the response cancels or counteracts the original stimulus

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peri-

around, surrounding

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adip(o)

relating to fat

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-algia

pain

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-ic

pertaining to

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infra-

below, beneath

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inter-

between

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hidr/o

sweat

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ab-

away from

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onych/o

toward, near

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what is homeostasis

regulation of multiple factors within the body

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homeostasis is regulated by

  1. nervous system (rapid)

  2. hormones (slower)

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3 components of homeostasis and feedback

  1. receptor

  2. control center

  3. effector

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psuedo-

false

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seb/o

sebum

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strata

layer

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epimysium

surrounds entire muscle

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perimysium

surrounds fascicles

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epi-

after, behind

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3 layers of connective tissue extend from fascia to strengthen and protect the muscle as a…

tendon

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rectus

parallel to the midline

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transverse

perpendicular to the midline

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oblique

diagonal to the midline

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flexor

decreases joint angle

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extensor

decreases joint angle

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abductor

moves away from the midline

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which 2 systems maintain homeostasis

nervous and endocrine

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name the 4 main body cavities

  1. cranial

  2. vertebral

  3. thoracic

  4. abdominopelvic

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what are serous membranes?

thin, slippery, double layer membranes that covers organs within the thoracic and abdominal cavities and lines the walls of the thorax and abdomen

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3 parts of serous membranes

  1. parietal layer — lines the walls of cavities

  2. visceral layer — adheres to the organs within the cavities

  3. serous fluid — lubricating fluid

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-clast

break, breaking

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condyle

smooth articular surface

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cost/o

rib

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cox/o

hip

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crani/o

skull

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foramen

opening

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fossa

hollow area

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-itis

inflammation

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mega-

enlargement

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-oid

resembling

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ped/o

foot, child

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-physis

growth, growing

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pod/o

foot

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xiph/o

sword shaped, xiphoid

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zyg/o

union, junction

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-asthenia, asthnen/o

weakness

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erg/o

work

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fasci/o

fascia

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lei/o

smooth

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-lysis

dissolution, breakdown

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my/o, myso/o

muscle

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pale/o

old

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rectus

straight

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-stasis

standing still, standing

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