PMLS Lesson 1 (Part 2)

studied byStudied by 1 person
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Rene Laennec

1 / 110

Tags and Description

Breakthroughs in Medical Technology Inventions and Innovation in the Field of Medical Laboratory

111 Terms

1

Rene Laennec

Who invented the stethoscope?

New cards
2

Stethoscope

acquire information about the lungs and heartbeats

New cards
3

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek

Who invented the microscope?

New cards
4

Microscope

produces enlarged images of small objects

New cards
5

Hermann Von Helmholz

Who invented the ophthalmoscope and the heart-lung machine?

New cards
6

Ophthalmoscope

Inspecting the interior of the eye

New cards
7

Manuel Garcia

Who invented the laryngoscope?

New cards
8

Laryngoscope

Using 2 mirrors to observe throat and larynx

New cards
9

Wilhelm Roentgen

Who invented/discovered the x-ray?

New cards
10

X-ray

  • discovered by accident that radiation could penetrate solid objects of low-density

  • allow physicians to view without surgery

  • used to diagnose pneumonia, pleurisy, and tuberculosis since Worl War II

New cards
11

William Einthoven

Who invented the electrocardiograph?

New cards
12

Electrocardiograph

Measure electrical charges during the beating of the heart

New cards
13

Elizabeth Kenny

Who invented the Kenny method?

New cards
14

Kenny Method

  • Pioneering work for Physical Therapy

  • Treatment for Polio (Infantile Paralysis)

New cards
15

Sylvia Stretcher

  • New Stretcher

  • Transporting patients in shock

New cards
16

Heart-Lung Machine

  • temporarily takes over the functions of the heart and lungs

  • device used in open heart surgery

New cards
17

Forsmann

Who first operated the cardiac catheterization and angiography?

New cards
18

Moniz, Reboul, Rousthoul

Who developed the cardiac catheterization and angiography?

New cards
19

Cournard

Who discovered the cardiac catheterization and angiography as a safe method?

New cards
20

cardiac catheterization and angiography

  • Made seeing the heart and, lung vessels, and possible

  • inserting the cannula in an arm vein and into the heart with an injection of radiopaque dye for x-ray visualization

New cards
21

Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll

Who invented the electron microscope?

New cards
22

Electron Microscope

Visualization of small cells including tumor cells

New cards
23

Tomography and Resonance Imaging

Adaptation of Computers

New cards
24

Godfrey Hounsfield

Who invented the tomography?

New cards
25

Raymond Damadian

First person to do a full body scan of a human being

New cards
26

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MRI

New cards
27
  • Robotics

  • Keyhole Surgery Procedures

  • Genetic Engineering

  • Telemedicine/ Information Technology

Medical technology breakthroughs through:

New cards
28

Prosthesis

  • Artificial Heart Valves

  • Artificial Blood Vessels

  • Functional Electromechanical Limbs

  • Reconstructive Skeletal Joints

New cards
29

Edward Jenner

  • Vaccination to establish immunity to smallpox

  • Impact: Immunology

New cards
30

Marie Francois Xavier Bichat

  • Identified organs by their type of tissues

  • Impact: Histology

New cards
31

Agostino Bassi

  • Produced disease in worms by injection of organic materials

  • Impact: Bacteriology

New cards
32

Loius Pastieur

Produced immunity to rabies

New cards
33

Gregor Mendel

Enunciated his law of inherited characteristics from studies on plants

New cards
34

Joseph Lister

Demonstrated that surgical infections are by airborne diseases

New cards
35

Robert Koch

Presented the first picture of bacilli (anthrax) and later tubercle bacilli

New cards
36

Elie Metchnikoff

Described phagocytes in blood and their role in fighting infection (Phagocytosis)

New cards
37

Ernst Von Bergmann

Introduced steam sterilization in surgery

New cards
38

Karl Landsteiner

Distinguished blood groups through the development of the ABO blood group system

New cards
39

August Von Wasserman

Developed Immunologic test for syphilis

New cards
40

Howard Ricketts

Discovered microorganisms whose range lies between bacteria and viruses called rickettsiae

New cards
41

Hans Fischer

Worked out the structure of hemoglobin

New cards
42

Jonas Salk

Developed poliomyelitis vaccine (inactivated)

New cards
43

James Westgard

Introduced the Westgard Rules for quality control in the clinical laboratory

New cards
44

Baruch Samuel Blumberg

Hepatitis B Vaccine

New cards
45

Karry Mullis

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

New cards
46

James Van Steirtghem

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

New cards
47

James Thomson

Derived the first human stem cell line

New cards
48

William Harvey

  • Discover the Circulation of Blood

  • Proved through vivisection, ligation, and perfusion that the heart acts as a muscular pump propelling the blood throughout the body in a continuous cycle

New cards
49

Robert Hooke

Used microscope to document the existence of cells

New cards
50

Marcello Malpighi

  • Father of Histology

  • Physician of Pope Innocent XII

  • Famous for his investigations of the embryology of the chick and the histology and physiology of the glands and vice versa

New cards
51

Frederick Dekkers

Urine-containing protein would form a precipitate when boiled with acetic acid

New cards
52

Thomas Willis

First to notice the characteristics sweet taste of diabetic urine (as it was infused with honey or sugar)

New cards
53

Richard Lower

First person to perform direct transfusion of blood from one animal to another (He was using a dog)

New cards
54

William Hewson

  • Father of Hematology

  • Discovered Coagulation

New cards
55

Coagulation

Also known as clotting, is the process by which blood changes from a liquid to a gel, forming a blood clot.

New cards
56

Gabriel Fahrenheit

Developed the Mercury thermometer and the Fahrenheit temp scale

New cards
57

John Hill

Introduces a method of obtaining a specimen for microscopic study

New cards
58

J.W Tichy

Observation of sediments in the urine of febrile patients

New cards
59

Matthew Dobson

Proved that the sweetness of the urine and blood serum in diabetes is caused by sugar

New cards
60

Francis Home

Developed the yeast test for sugar determination in diabetic urine

New cards
61

Antoine Francois De Fourcroy

Discovers cholesterol

New cards
62

Johannes Evangelista Purkinje

Pioneer the use microscope

New cards
63

John Snow

Studied the great Cholera outbreak in London

New cards
64

Karl Von Veriordt

  • Coagulation time as an index of blood coagulation

  • Developed a method for performing accurate blood counts (hemocytometry)

New cards
65

Sir Almroth Edward Write

Observed the role of calcium salts in the coagulation of blood

New cards
66

Paul Ehrlich

  • Developed method of drying and fixing blood smears using heat

  • Discovered most cells and classified white blood cells according to their granulation

New cards
67

Alexander Fleming

Penicillin (paramount in initiating the antibiotic era)

New cards
68

Gerardous Molder

Performed the first chemical analysis of proteins

New cards
69

Joseph Jackson Lister

Developed an achromatic microscope and introduced dark field microscopy

New cards
70

James Marsh

Developed a standard test for arsenic

New cards
71

George Gabriel Stokes

Discovered the Fluorescence

New cards
72

William Perkin

Prepared the first synthetic dye

New cards
73

Jules Dubosq

Developed the first visual colorimeter based on Beer’s Law

New cards
74

Herman Luer

Invented the glass hypodermic syringe

New cards
75

Oscar Brefeld

Developed the use of gelatin for the isolation of fungi

New cards
76

William Henry Corfeild

Established the first public health lab in England

New cards
77

Max Jaffe

Developed alkaline picrate method for the determination of creatinine

New cards
78

James Dewar

Invented the vacuum flask

New cards
79

Julius Elster & Hans Friedrich Geitel

Invented the photoelectric cell

New cards
80

Theodore Richards

Invented the nephelometer

New cards
81

Nephelometer

An instrument for measuring the size and concentration of particles suspended in a liquid or gas, especially by means of the light to scatter

New cards
82

Charles Purdy

Published practical urinalysis and urinary diagnosis

New cards
83

Ferdinand Widal

Developed the agglutination test for identification of the typhoid bacillus

New cards
84

Christian Bohr

Discovered the reciprocal relationship between pH and oxygen content of hemoglobin (Bohr Effect)

New cards
85

Martinus Beijerinck

Obtained the first pure culture of the sulfur-oxidizing bacterium

New cards
86

H.J. Bechtold

Discovered immunodiffusion

New cards
87

Arthur Sanford & James Todd

Published the first edition of Diagnosis by Laboratory Methods (like a bible for Medical Laboratory Scientists)

New cards
88

Philip Adolf Kober

Developed the colorimeter-nephelometer

New cards
89

Francis William Aston

Developed the mass spectograph

New cards
90

Arne Tiselius

Developed moving boundary electrophoresis of proteins

New cards
91

Theodore Svedberg

Determined the molecular weight of hemoglobin by ultracentrifugation

New cards
92

George Nicholas Papanicolaou

Reported the ability to recover cancer in vaginal smears through a pap smear

New cards
93

Otto Folin

Introduced the use of light filters in colorimetry

New cards
94

R. Gabreus

Develops the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) as in index of the severity of disease

New cards
95

H.D Kay

Developed the first clinical laboratory method for alkaline phosphatase (Clinical Enzymology)

New cards
96

Ian Cherry & Lathan Crandall

Developed the first clinical methods for serum and urine amylase activity

New cards
97

Michael Somogyi

2 major clinical lab methods for serum and urine amylase activity

New cards
98

Alexander Gutman

Developed the first assay for acid phosphatase

New cards
99

Edward Joseph Conway & Robert Cooke

Developed the first clinical method for ammonia

New cards
100

S. Borgstrom

Developed the whole blood clotting time test

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 650 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(4)
note Note
studied byStudied by 150 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(4)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard100 terms
studied byStudied by 83 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 45 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard143 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard73 terms
studied byStudied by 35 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard45 terms
studied byStudied by 52 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard22 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard273 terms
studied byStudied by 139 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)