PMLS Lesson 1 (Part 2)

studied byStudied by 1 person
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Rene Laennec

1 / 110

Tags & Description

Breakthroughs in Medical Technology Inventions and Innovation in the Field of Medical Laboratory

Studying Progress

0%
New cards
111
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
111 Terms
1
New cards

Rene Laennec

Who invented the stethoscope?

New cards
2
New cards

Stethoscope

acquire information about the lungs and heartbeats

New cards
3
New cards

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek

Who invented the microscope?

New cards
4
New cards

Microscope

produces enlarged images of small objects

New cards
5
New cards

Hermann Von Helmholz

Who invented the ophthalmoscope and the heart-lung machine?

New cards
6
New cards

Ophthalmoscope

Inspecting the interior of the eye

New cards
7
New cards

Manuel Garcia

Who invented the laryngoscope?

New cards
8
New cards

Laryngoscope

Using 2 mirrors to observe throat and larynx

New cards
9
New cards

Wilhelm Roentgen

Who invented/discovered the x-ray?

New cards
10
New cards

X-ray

  • discovered by accident that radiation could penetrate solid objects of low-density

  • allow physicians to view without surgery

  • used to diagnose pneumonia, pleurisy, and tuberculosis since Worl War II

New cards
11
New cards

William Einthoven

Who invented the electrocardiograph?

New cards
12
New cards

Electrocardiograph

Measure electrical charges during the beating of the heart

New cards
13
New cards

Elizabeth Kenny

Who invented the Kenny method?

New cards
14
New cards

Kenny Method

  • Pioneering work for Physical Therapy

  • Treatment for Polio (Infantile Paralysis)

New cards
15
New cards

Sylvia Stretcher

  • New Stretcher

  • Transporting patients in shock

New cards
16
New cards

Heart-Lung Machine

  • temporarily takes over the functions of the heart and lungs

  • device used in open heart surgery

New cards
17
New cards

Forsmann

Who first operated the cardiac catheterization and angiography?

New cards
18
New cards

Moniz, Reboul, Rousthoul

Who developed the cardiac catheterization and angiography?

New cards
19
New cards

Cournard

Who discovered the cardiac catheterization and angiography as a safe method?

New cards
20
New cards

cardiac catheterization and angiography

  • Made seeing the heart and, lung vessels, and possible

  • inserting the cannula in an arm vein and into the heart with an injection of radiopaque dye for x-ray visualization

New cards
21
New cards

Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll

Who invented the electron microscope?

New cards
22
New cards

Electron Microscope

Visualization of small cells including tumor cells

New cards
23
New cards

Tomography and Resonance Imaging

Adaptation of Computers

New cards
24
New cards

Godfrey Hounsfield

Who invented the tomography?

New cards
25
New cards

Raymond Damadian

First person to do a full body scan of a human being

New cards
26
New cards

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MRI

New cards
27
New cards
  • Robotics

  • Keyhole Surgery Procedures

  • Genetic Engineering

  • Telemedicine/ Information Technology

Medical technology breakthroughs through:

New cards
28
New cards

Prosthesis

  • Artificial Heart Valves

  • Artificial Blood Vessels

  • Functional Electromechanical Limbs

  • Reconstructive Skeletal Joints

New cards
29
New cards

Edward Jenner

  • Vaccination to establish immunity to smallpox

  • Impact: Immunology

New cards
30
New cards

Marie Francois Xavier Bichat

  • Identified organs by their type of tissues

  • Impact: Histology

New cards
31
New cards

Agostino Bassi

  • Produced disease in worms by injection of organic materials

  • Impact: Bacteriology

New cards
32
New cards

Loius Pastieur

Produced immunity to rabies

New cards
33
New cards

Gregor Mendel

Enunciated his law of inherited characteristics from studies on plants

New cards
34
New cards

Joseph Lister

Demonstrated that surgical infections are by airborne diseases

New cards
35
New cards

Robert Koch

Presented the first picture of bacilli (anthrax) and later tubercle bacilli

New cards
36
New cards

Elie Metchnikoff

Described phagocytes in blood and their role in fighting infection (Phagocytosis)

New cards
37
New cards

Ernst Von Bergmann

Introduced steam sterilization in surgery

New cards
38
New cards

Karl Landsteiner

Distinguished blood groups through the development of the ABO blood group system

New cards
39
New cards

August Von Wasserman

Developed Immunologic test for syphilis

New cards
40
New cards

Howard Ricketts

Discovered microorganisms whose range lies between bacteria and viruses called rickettsiae

New cards
41
New cards

Hans Fischer

Worked out the structure of hemoglobin

New cards
42
New cards

Jonas Salk

Developed poliomyelitis vaccine (inactivated)

New cards
43
New cards

James Westgard

Introduced the Westgard Rules for quality control in the clinical laboratory

New cards
44
New cards

Baruch Samuel Blumberg

Hepatitis B Vaccine

New cards
45
New cards

Karry Mullis

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

New cards
46
New cards

James Van Steirtghem

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

New cards
47
New cards

James Thomson

Derived the first human stem cell line

New cards
48
New cards

William Harvey

  • Discover the Circulation of Blood

  • Proved through vivisection, ligation, and perfusion that the heart acts as a muscular pump propelling the blood throughout the body in a continuous cycle

New cards
49
New cards

Robert Hooke

Used microscope to document the existence of cells

New cards
50
New cards

Marcello Malpighi

  • Father of Histology

  • Physician of Pope Innocent XII

  • Famous for his investigations of the embryology of the chick and the histology and physiology of the glands and vice versa

New cards
51
New cards

Frederick Dekkers

Urine-containing protein would form a precipitate when boiled with acetic acid

New cards
52
New cards

Thomas Willis

First to notice the characteristics sweet taste of diabetic urine (as it was infused with honey or sugar)

New cards
53
New cards

Richard Lower

First person to perform direct transfusion of blood from one animal to another (He was using a dog)

New cards
54
New cards

William Hewson

  • Father of Hematology

  • Discovered Coagulation

New cards
55
New cards

Coagulation

Also known as clotting, is the process by which blood changes from a liquid to a gel, forming a blood clot.

New cards
56
New cards

Gabriel Fahrenheit

Developed the Mercury thermometer and the Fahrenheit temp scale

New cards
57
New cards

John Hill

Introduces a method of obtaining a specimen for microscopic study

New cards
58
New cards

J.W Tichy

Observation of sediments in the urine of febrile patients

New cards
59
New cards

Matthew Dobson

Proved that the sweetness of the urine and blood serum in diabetes is caused by sugar

New cards
60
New cards

Francis Home

Developed the yeast test for sugar determination in diabetic urine

New cards
61
New cards

Antoine Francois De Fourcroy

Discovers cholesterol

New cards
62
New cards

Johannes Evangelista Purkinje

Pioneer the use microscope

New cards
63
New cards

John Snow

Studied the great Cholera outbreak in London

New cards
64
New cards

Karl Von Veriordt

  • Coagulation time as an index of blood coagulation

  • Developed a method for performing accurate blood counts (hemocytometry)

New cards
65
New cards

Sir Almroth Edward Write

Observed the role of calcium salts in the coagulation of blood

New cards
66
New cards

Paul Ehrlich

  • Developed method of drying and fixing blood smears using heat

  • Discovered most cells and classified white blood cells according to their granulation

New cards
67
New cards

Alexander Fleming

Penicillin (paramount in initiating the antibiotic era)

New cards
68
New cards

Gerardous Molder

Performed the first chemical analysis of proteins

New cards
69
New cards

Joseph Jackson Lister

Developed an achromatic microscope and introduced dark field microscopy

New cards
70
New cards

James Marsh

Developed a standard test for arsenic

New cards
71
New cards

George Gabriel Stokes

Discovered the Fluorescence

New cards
72
New cards

William Perkin

Prepared the first synthetic dye

New cards
73
New cards

Jules Dubosq

Developed the first visual colorimeter based on Beer’s Law

New cards
74
New cards

Herman Luer

Invented the glass hypodermic syringe

New cards
75
New cards

Oscar Brefeld

Developed the use of gelatin for the isolation of fungi

New cards
76
New cards

William Henry Corfeild

Established the first public health lab in England

New cards
77
New cards

Max Jaffe

Developed alkaline picrate method for the determination of creatinine

New cards
78
New cards

James Dewar

Invented the vacuum flask

New cards
79
New cards

Julius Elster & Hans Friedrich Geitel

Invented the photoelectric cell

New cards
80
New cards

Theodore Richards

Invented the nephelometer

New cards
81
New cards

Nephelometer

An instrument for measuring the size and concentration of particles suspended in a liquid or gas, especially by means of the light to scatter

New cards
82
New cards

Charles Purdy

Published practical urinalysis and urinary diagnosis

New cards
83
New cards

Ferdinand Widal

Developed the agglutination test for identification of the typhoid bacillus

New cards
84
New cards

Christian Bohr

Discovered the reciprocal relationship between pH and oxygen content of hemoglobin (Bohr Effect)

New cards
85
New cards

Martinus Beijerinck

Obtained the first pure culture of the sulfur-oxidizing bacterium

New cards
86
New cards

H.J. Bechtold

Discovered immunodiffusion

New cards
87
New cards

Arthur Sanford & James Todd

Published the first edition of Diagnosis by Laboratory Methods (like a bible for Medical Laboratory Scientists)

New cards
88
New cards

Philip Adolf Kober

Developed the colorimeter-nephelometer

New cards
89
New cards

Francis William Aston

Developed the mass spectograph

New cards
90
New cards

Arne Tiselius

Developed moving boundary electrophoresis of proteins

New cards
91
New cards

Theodore Svedberg

Determined the molecular weight of hemoglobin by ultracentrifugation

New cards
92
New cards

George Nicholas Papanicolaou

Reported the ability to recover cancer in vaginal smears through a pap smear

New cards
93
New cards

Otto Folin

Introduced the use of light filters in colorimetry

New cards
94
New cards

R. Gabreus

Develops the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) as in index of the severity of disease

New cards
95
New cards

H.D Kay

Developed the first clinical laboratory method for alkaline phosphatase (Clinical Enzymology)

New cards
96
New cards

Ian Cherry & Lathan Crandall

Developed the first clinical methods for serum and urine amylase activity

New cards
97
New cards

Michael Somogyi

2 major clinical lab methods for serum and urine amylase activity

New cards
98
New cards

Alexander Gutman

Developed the first assay for acid phosphatase

New cards
99
New cards

Edward Joseph Conway & Robert Cooke

Developed the first clinical method for ammonia

New cards
100
New cards

S. Borgstrom

Developed the whole blood clotting time test

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 37 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 154 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 44 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11243 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(153)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard83 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard74 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard44 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard74 terms
studied byStudied by 196 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard98 terms
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 14 people