Vocabulary 1

studied byStudied by 2 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

What is the Square Deal?

1 / 233

234 Terms

1

What is the Square Deal?

Domestic policy program by Theodore Roosevelt

New cards
2

What is stare decisis?

Legal principle to adhere to precedents

New cards
3

What is a state?

Political entity with sovereignty over a territory

New cards
4

What is a status offense?

Crime based on status or age of offender

New cards
5

What is a statute?

Written law passed by a legislative body

New cards
6

What is a straw poll?

Informal survey to gauge public opinion

New cards
7

What is a subpoena?

Legal order to appear in court or provide evidence

New cards
8

What is a subsidy?

Financial assistance to promote a cause or industry

New cards
9

What is suffrage?

Right to vote in political elections

New cards
10

What is a summit?

Meeting between leaders to discuss important issues

New cards
11

What is a summons?

Legal order to appear in court or respond to a claim

New cards
12

What is a sunset law?

Provision for a law to expire or be terminated

New cards
13

What is a tariff?

Tax on imported or exported goods

New cards
14

What is a tenement?

Overcrowded and run-down apartment building

New cards
15

What is a trust?

Monopoly or cartel that controls a market

New cards
16

What is a veto?

Power of a president or governor to reject a bill

New cards
17

What is a writ?

Legal order issued by a court

New cards
18

What is anarchy?

Absence of government or authority

New cards
19

What is a sunshine law?

A law requiring transparency in government.

New cards
20

What is the implications of powers doctrine?

Allows federal government to take necessary actions.

New cards
21

What is impoundment?

President withholding or delaying funds.

New cards
22

What is integration?

Bringing different groups together into a single society.

New cards
23

What is internationalism?

Advocacy for cooperation between nations.

New cards
24

What is an interstate compact?

Agreement between two or more states approved by Congress.

New cards
25

What is isolationism?

Advocacy for a country to remain isolated from other nations.

New cards
26

Polis

Greek city-state

New cards
27

Political culture

Shared beliefs about government

New cards
28

Political efficacy

Belief in one's political influence

New cards
29

Political machine

Corrupt political organization

New cards
30

Political socialization

Learning political values

New cards
31

Pork-barrel legislation

Funding for local projects

New cards
32

Power of the Purse

Congressional control of spending

New cards
33

Precedent

Legal decision used as a guide

New cards
34

Precinct

Voting district

New cards
35

Preemption

Federal law overrules state law

New cards
36

Press release

Official statement to the media

New cards
37

Prior restraint

Censorship before publication

New cards
38

Property tax

Tax on real estate

New cards
39

Prosecute

Charge with a crime

New cards
40

Public opinion

Views of the general public

New cards
41

Public policy

Government action to address issues

New cards
42

Quorum

Minimum number of members needed to conduct business

New cards
43

Ratification

Approval of a treaty or amendment

New cards
44

Recall

Removal of an elected official

New cards
45

Referendum

Direct vote on a proposed law

New cards
46

Summons

Court order to appear in court

New cards
47

Sunset law

Law that expires after a set time

New cards
48

Sunshine law

Requires government transparency

New cards
49

Supremacy Clause

Federal law overrules state law

New cards
50

Tariff

Tax on imported goods

New cards
51

Tax

Money paid to the government

New cards
52

Territory

Area governed by the US but not a state

New cards
53

Terrorism

Violent acts to create fear for political gain

New cards
54

What is judicial activism?

Courts using power to shape public policy.

New cards
55

What is judicial restraint?

Courts limiting power to interpreting the law.

New cards
56

What is judicial review?

Courts striking down unconstitutional laws or actions.

New cards
57

What is jurisdiction?

Legal authority of a court to hear a case.

New cards
58

What is jury selection?

Process of choosing a jury for a trial.

New cards
59

What is legal tender?

Currency accepted for debts and taxes.

New cards
60

What is labor union law?

Laws governing formation and operation of labor unions.

New cards
61

What is legislative oversight?

Monitoring of executive branch by legislature.

New cards
62

What is libel?

False, damaging written statement.

New cards
63

What is line-item veto?

Veto of specific provisions in a bill.

New cards
64

What is a lobbyist?

Advocate for interest group in government.

New cards
65

What is logrolling?

Exchanging political favors between legislators.

New cards
66

What is a mandate?

Political authority granted by voters.

New cards
67

What is the Marshall Plan?

US economic aid to Europe after WWII.

New cards
68

What is mass media?

Means of communication to large audience.

New cards
69

What is a mayor?

Chief executive of a city or town.

New cards
70

What is mercantilism?

Economic theory promoting exports and gold/silver.

New cards
71

What is Medicare?

Federal health insurance for seniors and some disabled.

New cards
72

What is a monopoly?

Single company/group controlling product/service.

New cards
73

Refugee

Person fleeing persecution

New cards
74

What is the Monroe Doctrine?

US opposition to European interference in Western Hemisphere.

New cards
75

Reserved powers

Powers not given to the federal government

New cards
76

Revenue

Government income

New cards
77

Sanction

Punishment for violating international law

New cards
78

Rider

Unrelated amendment added to a bill

New cards
79

Shield law

Protects journalists from revealing sources

New cards
80

Segregation

Separation of races

New cards
81

Simple resolution

Statement of opinion by one house of Congress

New cards
82

Slander

False spoken statement that harms reputation

New cards
83

Social contract

Agreement between people and government

New cards
84

Slave Trade Compromise

Allowed slave trade to continue until 1808

New cards
85

Spoils system

Rewarding political supporters with jobs

New cards
86

State

Political unit within a nation

New cards
87

Statute

Law passed by a legislature

New cards
88

Status offense

Illegal behavior only for minors

New cards
89

Straw poll

Informal poll to gauge public opinion

New cards
90

Subpoena

Court order to appear in court

New cards
91

Subsidy

Government payment to support a business

New cards
92

Suffrage

Right to vote

New cards
93

Summit

Meeting between heads of state

New cards
94

Ward

Voting district within a city

New cards
95

Watchdog

Monitors government for corruption

New cards
96

Writ of habeas corpus

Court order to release a prisoner

New cards
97

Whistleblower

Person who exposes government wrongdoing

New cards
98

Zimmerman Telegram

German proposal for Mexico to attack the US

New cards
99

Absentee voting

Voting by mail

New cards
100

Ambassador

Highest ranking diplomat

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 37 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 22 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5250 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(42)
note Note
studied byStudied by 18 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard56 terms
studied byStudied by 64 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard54 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard182 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard88 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard53 terms
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard39 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard45 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)