Vocabulary 1

studied byStudied by 2 People
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

What is the Square Deal?

1/234

Studying Progress

New cards
234
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
234 Terms
New cards

What is the Square Deal?

Domestic policy program by Theodore Roosevelt

New cards
New cards

What is stare decisis?

Legal principle to adhere to precedents

New cards
New cards

What is a state?

Political entity with sovereignty over a territory

New cards
New cards

What is a status offense?

Crime based on status or age of offender

New cards
New cards

What is a statute?

Written law passed by a legislative body

New cards
New cards

What is a straw poll?

Informal survey to gauge public opinion

New cards
New cards

What is a subpoena?

Legal order to appear in court or provide evidence

New cards
New cards

What is a subsidy?

Financial assistance to promote a cause or industry

New cards
New cards

What is suffrage?

Right to vote in political elections

New cards
New cards

What is a summit?

Meeting between leaders to discuss important issues

New cards
New cards

What is a summons?

Legal order to appear in court or respond to a claim

New cards
New cards

What is a sunset law?

Provision for a law to expire or be terminated

New cards
New cards

What is a tariff?

Tax on imported or exported goods

New cards
New cards

What is a tenement?

Overcrowded and run-down apartment building

New cards
New cards

What is a trust?

Monopoly or cartel that controls a market

New cards
New cards

What is a veto?

Power of a president or governor to reject a bill

New cards
New cards

What is a writ?

Legal order issued by a court

New cards
New cards

What is anarchy?

Absence of government or authority

New cards
New cards

What is a sunshine law?

A law requiring transparency in government.

New cards
New cards

What is the implications of powers doctrine?

Allows federal government to take necessary actions.

New cards
New cards

What is impoundment?

President withholding or delaying funds.

New cards
New cards

What is integration?

Bringing different groups together into a single society.

New cards
New cards

What is internationalism?

Advocacy for cooperation between nations.

New cards
New cards

What is an interstate compact?

Agreement between two or more states approved by Congress.

New cards
New cards

What is isolationism?

Advocacy for a country to remain isolated from other nations.

New cards
New cards

Polis

Greek city-state

New cards
New cards

Political culture

Shared beliefs about government

New cards
New cards

Political efficacy

Belief in one's political influence

New cards
New cards

Political machine

Corrupt political organization

New cards
New cards

Political socialization

Learning political values

New cards
New cards

Pork-barrel legislation

Funding for local projects

New cards
New cards

Power of the Purse

Congressional control of spending

New cards
New cards

Precedent

Legal decision used as a guide

New cards
New cards

Precinct

Voting district

New cards
New cards

Preemption

Federal law overrules state law

New cards
New cards

Press release

Official statement to the media

New cards
New cards

Prior restraint

Censorship before publication

New cards
New cards

Property tax

Tax on real estate

New cards
New cards

Prosecute

Charge with a crime

New cards
New cards

Public opinion

Views of the general public

New cards
New cards

Public policy

Government action to address issues

New cards
New cards

Quorum

Minimum number of members needed to conduct business

New cards
New cards

Ratification

Approval of a treaty or amendment

New cards
New cards

Recall

Removal of an elected official

New cards
New cards

Referendum

Direct vote on a proposed law

New cards
New cards

Summons

Court order to appear in court

New cards
New cards

Sunset law

Law that expires after a set time

New cards
New cards

Sunshine law

Requires government transparency

New cards
New cards

Supremacy Clause

Federal law overrules state law

New cards
New cards

Tariff

Tax on imported goods

New cards
New cards

Tax

Money paid to the government

New cards
New cards

Territory

Area governed by the US but not a state

New cards
New cards

Terrorism

Violent acts to create fear for political gain

New cards
New cards

What is judicial activism?

Courts using power to shape public policy.

New cards
New cards

What is judicial restraint?

Courts limiting power to interpreting the law.

New cards
New cards

What is judicial review?

Courts striking down unconstitutional laws or actions.

New cards
New cards

What is jurisdiction?

Legal authority of a court to hear a case.

New cards
New cards

What is jury selection?

Process of choosing a jury for a trial.

New cards
New cards

What is legal tender?

Currency accepted for debts and taxes.

New cards
New cards

What is labor union law?

Laws governing formation and operation of labor unions.

New cards
New cards

What is legislative oversight?

Monitoring of executive branch by legislature.

New cards
New cards

What is libel?

False, damaging written statement.

New cards
New cards

What is line-item veto?

Veto of specific provisions in a bill.

New cards
New cards

What is a lobbyist?

Advocate for interest group in government.

New cards
New cards

What is logrolling?

Exchanging political favors between legislators.

New cards
New cards

What is a mandate?

Political authority granted by voters.

New cards
New cards

What is the Marshall Plan?

US economic aid to Europe after WWII.

New cards
New cards

What is mass media?

Means of communication to large audience.

New cards
New cards

What is a mayor?

Chief executive of a city or town.

New cards
New cards

What is mercantilism?

Economic theory promoting exports and gold/silver.

New cards
New cards

What is Medicare?

Federal health insurance for seniors and some disabled.

New cards
New cards

What is a monopoly?

Single company/group controlling product/service.

New cards
New cards

Refugee

Person fleeing persecution

New cards
New cards

What is the Monroe Doctrine?

US opposition to European interference in Western Hemisphere.

New cards
New cards

Reserved powers

Powers not given to the federal government

New cards
New cards

Revenue

Government income

New cards
New cards

Sanction

Punishment for violating international law

New cards
New cards

Rider

Unrelated amendment added to a bill

New cards
New cards

Shield law

Protects journalists from revealing sources

New cards
New cards

Segregation

Separation of races

New cards
New cards

Simple resolution

Statement of opinion by one house of Congress

New cards
New cards

Slander

False spoken statement that harms reputation

New cards
New cards

Social contract

Agreement between people and government

New cards
New cards

Slave Trade Compromise

Allowed slave trade to continue until 1808

New cards