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THE PATIENT ADDS TAP WATER TO THE URINE CONTAINER BECAUSE HE/SHE FORGETS TO SAVE ONE OF THE URINE SAMPLES

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469 Terms

1

THE PATIENT ADDS TAP WATER TO THE URINE CONTAINER BECAUSE HE/SHE FORGETS TO SAVE ONE OF THE URINE SAMPLES

Which of the following conditions is most likely to cause a falsely high creatinine clearance result

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2

ORTHO-TOLUIDINE (DUBOWSKI)

The only chemical method still used widely and is based on the condensation of aldosaccharides such as glucose with an aromatic amine and glacial acetic acid

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3

ABELL KENDALL

Three step method for cholesterol determination

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4

REMOVE PERSONS FROM IMMEDIATE DANGER

What is the first course of action to do if a fire occurs in the laboratory

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5

BONE DISEASE

Normal serum GGT level with an elevated serum ALP is suggestive of

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6

ACUTE CIRRHOSIS

A disorder that is generally characterized by a normal alpha 1 globulin level and a decreased alpha 2 globulin

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7

BRIDGING EFFECT BETWEEN THE BETA AND GAMMA GLOBULIN FRACTIONS

In cirrhosis, a predominant characteristic observed on an electrophoretic serum protein pattern is a(n)

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8

GLYCOGEN

In what form is glucose stored in the muscle and liver

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9

HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA

Increased concentration of alpha fetoprotein in adults are most characteristically associated with:

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10

VALINE, LEUCINE, AND ISOLEUCINE

Maple Syrup Urine Disease is characterized by an increase in which of the following urinary amino acids

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11

CYSTEINE

Which of the following amino acids is associated with sulfhydryl groups

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12

IDL

Which of the following is elevated in cases of DYSBETALIPOPROTEINEMIA or broad beta disease

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13

VLDL

Which lipoprotein accounts for most turbidity observed in fasting hyperlipidemic plasma

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14

TRANSFERRIN

Protein that migrates in the beta region at pH 8.6

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15

LP(A)

Elevated levels of this lipoprotein (>30mg/dL) are thought to confer increased risk of premature CHD and stroke

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16

LDL

Major cholesterol carrier and transports a large amount of ENDOGENOUS cholesterol

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17

DURING THE CONVERSION OF VLDL TO LDL

When do the Intermediate density protein exist transiently

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18

INTRINSIC FACTOR

Absorption of vitamin B12 requires

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19

AN INFLAMMATORY PROCESS

The presence of CRP in the blood is an indication of

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20

HEPATIC COMA

Blood ammonia levels are usually measured in order to evaluate

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21

PHOTOMULTIPLIER TUBE

Most commonly used spectrophotometer detector because it visible and UV regions

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22

ADD 5.0 MG OF GLUCOSE TO 0.1 ML OF A SERUM OF KNOWN CONCENTRATION AND MEASURE

Which of the following procedures can be used to detect proportional error in a new method for glucose

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23

EXAMINE THE REFERENCE ELECTRODE JUNCTION FOR SALT CRYSTAL

When calibrating a pH meter, unstable readings occur for both 7.00 and 4.00 calibrators, although both can be set to within 0.1 pH unit. Select the most appropriate course of action

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24

PO2 ELECTRODE

AMPEROMETRY is the principle of

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25

30-60 MINUTES

At room temperature, complete clotting normally takes

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26

THE MAXIMUM TIME LIMIT FOR SERUM/PLASMA SEPARATION ACCORDING TO CLSI IS 1 HOUR AFTER COLLECTION

Which of the following is TRUE

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27

LITHIUM HEPARIN

Additive w/ green stopper color

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28

OBSTRUCTION

HIGHEST elevation in the serum GGT is significantly observed in patient with

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29

SGPT INCREASE, CHOLINESTERASE DECREASE

TRUE of SGPT and cholinesterase failure

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30

IODINE

Amylase activity can be assayed by the direct measurement of the disappearance of starch, in this method the indicator is

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31

15.4

What is the urea concentration if a BUN value is 10mg/dl is obtained

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32

ALPHA 2 GLOBULINS

Ceruloplasmin and Haptoglobin migrate electrophoretically as

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33

6.25

The conversion of protein nitrogen to protein content depends on the factor

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34

AAS

Hollow cathode lamp used in

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35

TISSUE NECROSIS

Elevation of tissue enzymes in serum may be used to detect

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36

ASPIRIN

Inhibitor of PROSTAGLANDIN metabolism and commonly used as analgesic and antipyretic drug

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37

QUINIDINE, LIDOCAINE, PROCAINAMIDE

Which of the following cardioactive drugs belong to class I

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38

THE MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DRUG DOSE AND DRUG BLOOD LEVEL

Pharmacokinetics is defined as

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39

ZIMMERMAN REACTION

Test that measures those steroids with 17-keto structure

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40

HPL

Hormone functionally, structurally and immunologically similar to GH and PRL

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41

PLUMMER'S DISEASE

FT3 increased, FT4 Normal, with low TSH

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42

PINEAL GLAND

It secretes MELATONIN, that decreases the pigmentation of the skin

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43

CARBONIC ANHYDRASE

Most of the carbon dioxide combines with water to form carbonic acid which dissociates immediately into hydrogen and bicarbonate. Reaction is accelerated by

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44

APATHY, ATAXIA, BERI-BERI

Deficiency in Vit B1

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45

RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS

It is observed in severe pain, aspirin dosage, hepatic cirrhosis, gram negative sepsis, salicylate and progesterone drug

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46

AMYLASE

EARLIEST pancreatic marker

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47

METHIONINE, ARGININE, LYSINE

Creatinine is the end product of metabolism derived from creatine. It is also by amino acids such as

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48

CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE

Following conditions that can cause INCREASED creatinine clearance EXCEPT

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49

OSTWALD FOLIN

Pipet used for VISCOUS fluid

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50

VYCOR

Glassware that can be heated up to 900oC and utilized for high thermal, drastic heat shock, and extreme chemical treatment w/ acids and dilute alkali

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51

TYPE 2 DM

Non-insulin dependent DM

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52

FNAB

MOST accurate tool in evaluation of thyroid nodule

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53

3,5,3',5' TETRAIODOTHYRONINE

Major fraction of IODINE in circulation

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54

HYPOPARATHYROIDISM

Causes of HYPERkalemia, EXCEPT

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55

MSUD

Characterized by markedly reduced or absence of ALPHA-KETOACID DECARBOXYLASE

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56

SUDAN BLACK B, FAT RED 7B, OIL RED O

Lipid staining dye/s

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57

HEPATIC LIPASE, ATP-BINDING CASSETTE PROTEIN A1, LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE, ENDOTHELIAL LIPASE, LECITHIN CHOLESTEROL ACYL TRANSFERASE (AOTA)

Enzymes that participate in LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM

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58

SODIUM

Major extracellular cation

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59

METABOLIC ACIDOSIS

Determine the acid-base status

pH=7.24

PCO2=44 HCO3=18

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60

GLYCOSYLATED HEMOGLOBIN

Test that monitors DM. Long term

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61

ALBUMIN

Migrates most rapidly toward ANODE

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62

Presence of CRESCENT shaped bands

REPEAT ELECTROPHORESIS AND AVOID OVERLOADING THE SAMPLE

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63

OBSTRUCTIVE JAUNDICE

Elevated CONJUGATED bilirubin in both serum and urine, decreased urine urobilinogen and decreased fecal urobilin

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64

BILIRUBIN

FALSE DECREASED in a hemolyzed sample

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65

NUMBER OF PEPTIDE BOND

BIURET method for total protein is dependent upon

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66

REJECT THE SAMPLE, BECAUSE PCO2 WILL BE FALSELY DECREASED

An Arterial blood sample is received in the laboratory 45mins after collection with a Bubble in the syringe

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67

NORMAL PCO2, DECREASED HCO3, DECREASED PH

Patient in diabetic ketoacidosis will exhibit

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68

SWEAT CHLORIDE

BEST lab test for detecting Cystic Fibrosis

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69

NORMAL T4, NORMAL T3 UPTAKE, NORMAL TBG

A pregnant EUTHYROID woman exhibits which of the following results in a thyroid pane

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70

INAPPROPRIATE SAMPLE COLLECTION

A blood AMMONIA level was ordered in a patient w/ Reye's Syndrome. The results on the CLOTTED sample were normal.

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71

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY

Increased serum levels of CK, aldolase and AST but normal levels of ALT most likely have

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72

INSULIN CAUSES POTASSIUM TO MOVE INTO CELLS WHICH MAY CAUSE A DROP IN K LEVELS

Why should potassium levels be monitored prior to and during administration of IV insulin

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73

APO B48

Chylomicrons

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74

APO A

HDL

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75

APO-B100

LDL

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76

4%

VLDL + HDL

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77

3%

Cholesterol

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78

EDTA

Anticoagulant for lipoprotein

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79

GROWTH HORMONE

Promotes hypoglycemia

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80

UREA CLEARANCE TEST

OVERALL kidney function

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81

PAH

BEST measures tubular reabsorption

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82

calcium carbonate

. Least affected by hemolysis

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83

DECREASE SERUM MG

Hyperparathyroidism

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84

a random error in gene replication that leads to a change

1 3s, R 4s

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85

SPECIFICITY

w/o disease

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86

SENSITIVITY

Given w/ disease

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87

VARIANCE

Difference between each value and average data

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88

EXTERNAL

Proficiency testing program

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89

CONTROL

Closely resemble test specimen

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90

MOST WDELY USED QC CHART

Levey Jennings

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91

DEUTERIUM

UV light for spectrophotometer

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92

MONOCHROMATOR

Isolates wavelength

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93

UV

Deuterium discharge and Mercury lamp

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94

VENOUS BLOOD

Deoxygenated blood, DARK RED, collected w/ tourniquet

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95

UNSTABLE AT 4'C

ALP and LDH

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96

TESTOSTERONE

Naturally occurring androgen

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97

EXTRACT DRUGS

Thin Layer chromatography, why is a volatile organic compound mixed w/ urine

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98

RENAL CLEARANCE OF DRUG FASTER IN NEWBORN THAN ADULTS

FALSE of drug distribution pattern

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99

LITHIUM HEPARIN

Blood gas

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100

30MINS, 22'C

Plastic syringe arterial blood gas

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