College Prep Midterm Review Fall

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Prewriting

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100 Terms

1

Prewriting

First step in the writing process; the writer generates ideas

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2

drafting

2nd stage of the writing process- getting ideas down on paper in some order.

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3

revising

3rd stage of the writing process- refining/changing ideas or concepts in the text.

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4

editing

The process of updating a document to make changes, correct errors, and make it visually appealing

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5

presenting

The results of the Creating Process, including performance and evaluation

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6

gather

to collect

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7

focus

to concentrate

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8

organize

arrange or put in order

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9

develop

Elaborate or expand

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10

clarify

to make clear or easier to understand

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11

audience

the listener, viewer, or reader of a text

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12

purpose

the goal the speaker wants to achieve

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13

stance

a way of holding the body

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14

context

Words, events, or circumstances that help determine meaning.

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15

medium

an agency or means of doing something.

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16

design

Produce a plan, simulation or model.

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17

Introduction Paragraph

The first paragraph in a essay it includes a thesis statement

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18

body

the paragraphs that make up the main message

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19

conclusion

the end or finish of an event or process.

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20

naming

creating linguistic symbols to represent people, objects, places, and ideas

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21

detailing

details in describing something

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22

comparing

looking at how things are alike or different

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23

spatial order

a method of speech organization in which the main points follow a directional pattern

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24

Order of Impression

to focus on how you notice details

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25

concrete

existing in a material or physical form; real or solid; not abstract.

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26

specific

clearly defined or identified

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27

imagery

Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

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28

visual

having to do with sight or seeing

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29

auditory

Having to do with the sense of hearing

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30

gustatory

relating to the sense of taste

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31

olfactory

relating to the sense of smell

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32

tactile

relating to the sense of touch

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33

kinetic

relating to motion

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34

chronological order

a method of speech organization in which the main points follow a time pattern

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35

setting

The time and place of a story

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36

point of view

the perspective from which a story is told

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37

significance

importance

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38

narrative arc

the shape that a story takes as it moves from its beginning to its end

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39

exposition

a comprehensive description and explanation of an idea or theory.

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40

narrative hook

the part of the story that catches the reader's attention

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41

rising action

Events leading up to the climax

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42

climax

Most exciting moment of the story; turning point

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43

resolution

End of the story where loose ends are tied up

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44

thesis

a statement or theory that is put forward as a premise to be maintained or proved.

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45

forecasting statement

The last part of the introduction that tells the audience the breakdown and organization of the thesis and or the speech in advance

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46

subordinate clause

a clause, typically introduced by a conjunction, that forms part of and is dependent on a main clause

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47

authority

A reliable, respected source—someone with knowledge.

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48

credibility

A reliable, respected source—someone with knowledge.

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49

trustworthy

able to be relied on as honest or truthful.

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50

tone


Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character

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51

Ethos (ethical appeal)

using morals and the feelings of right/wrong to sway someone's opinion

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52

Logos (logical appeal)

using sound reasoning or what makes sense to sway someone's opinion

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53

Pathos (emotional appeal)

using strong feelings of sympathy, anger, happiness, etc. to sway someone's opinion

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54

analyze

to look at something carefully by attention to its parts

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55

definition

A statement that gives the meaning of a term.

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56

examples

A simple, representative incident or model that clarifies a point

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57

cause

The reason why something happens

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58

effect

a result or consequence

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59

IMRAD

Introduction
Methods
Results
Discussion

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60

APA format

accepted American Psychological Association form for preparing reports describing psychological research

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61

MLA format


Modern Language Association rules for creating research papers

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62

genus-differentia definition

an existing definition that serves as a portion of the new definition

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63

stipulative definition

When a new word is invented or an existing word is applied in a new way.

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64

generating ideas

The first step in new product development

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65

Brainstorming

the process of getting a group to think of unlimited ways to vary a product or solve a problem

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66

transitions

words or phrases used to connect ideas together

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67

visual rhetoric

The use of images as an integrated element in the total communication effort a speaker makes to achieve the speaking goal

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68

HATS

Headings, Art, Typography, Spacing

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69

Headings

The identifying letters and numbers for columns and rows. Columns are identified with letters, rows with numbers.

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70

access


a means to obtain entry or a means of approach

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71

space

refers to the physical gap

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72

typography


The style and appearance of printed matter.

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73

font

the size, style, and design of text

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74

San Serif

Typeface that does not have the small projecting features called "serifs" at the end of strokes

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75

Serif

A font that has small lines at the beginning and end of characters and that is usually used with large amounts of text.

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76

Hierchary

a system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority.

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77

graphics

drawings, pictures, or other illustrations inserted in a document to either explain data or enhance the appearance of text on a page

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78

Rhetorical Analysis

focuses on a written, visual ,audio text or one that combines words, images, sounds, etc

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79

discourse analysis

focuses on any spoken or written language

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80

Process Analysis


A method of paragraph or essay development by which a writer explains step by step how something is done or how to do something.

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81

Casual Analysis


questions about why something occurred or once occurred

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82

Data Analysis

focuses of compiling, analyzing, and interpreting the results of primary and secondary data collection.

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83

Visual Analysis

a set of techniques used to analyze images

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84

Quantitative data

numerical data

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85

Qualitative data

Data describes the quality or appearance

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86

insight

a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem

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87

message

whatever a speaker communicates to someone else

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88

precise language

strong and carefully chosen words

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89

claim

An assertion, usually supported by evidence

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90

evidence


Collected body of data from observations and experiments

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91

reason

Clear and ordered thinking

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92

visuals

all of the picture elements that are placed into an advertisement

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93

white space


A space between pages in a document.

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94

Multimodal Writing


the use of different modes such as written, oral, non-verbal, and visual to communicate and persuade

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95

Illustrated essay

a rhetorical style that uses examples to support the thesis or main idea of a paragraph or essay.

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96

blog


A series, or log, of discussion items on a page of the World Wide Web

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97

wikis

A website that allows the easy creation and editing of any number of interlinked web pages, using a simplified markup language or a What You See Is What You Get (WYSIWYG) text editor, within the browser.

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98

Audio essays

an essay designed to be heard as a voice recording rather than read silently as text.

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99

video essays

a video that analyzes a specific topic, theme, person or thesis

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100

posters

signs that impart product information or other news of interest to consumers, or that are aimed at employee behavior, such as safety, courtesy, or waste reduction.

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