Final Exam Study Handout

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Amoebas and bacteria are grouped into different domains because __________

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I will update this when I get it checked on Monday. Link to Microscope Quiz: https://www.purposegames.com/game/microscope-labeling . Link to Plant Cell Quiz: https://www.purposegames.com/game/2bde3fa5 . Link to Animal Cell Quiz: https://www.purposegames.com/game/this-animal-cell-needs-labelling-quiz

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1

Amoebas and bacteria are grouped into different domains because __________

bacterial cells lack a membrane - enclosed nucleus

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2

The most unique properties of water result from the fact that water molecules __________

are polar and form hydrogen bonds

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3

Which of the following is not directly involved in cell support or movement?

Lysosome

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4

A glucose molecule is to starch as ___________

A nucleotide is a nucleic acid

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5

Which best describes the structure of a cell membrane?

Proteins between two bilayers of phospholipids

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6

If an intestinal cell in a grasshopper contains 24 chromosomes, a grasshopper sperm contains ______

12 chromosomes

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7

Which of the following phases of mitosis is essentially the opposite of prophase in terms of nuclear changes?

Telophase

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8

Which of the following is NOT a function of mitosis in humans?

Production of gametes from diploid cells

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9

It is difficult to observe individual chromosomes during interphase because _________

They are in the form of long, thin strands called chromatin

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10

Angiosperms are different from all other plants because only they have ______

flowers

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11

While walking in the woods, you encounter an unfamiliar nonwoody flowering plant. If you want to know if it is a monocot or dicot, it would not help to look at the __________

size of the plant

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12

Cellular respiration is the process by which _____

oxygen is used to transport chemical energy throughout the body

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13

A person's unique DNA is carried within some of the cells and tissues of their body. These include all of the following except:

all (the intestines, blood, skin cells, and saliva) contain a person's DNA

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14

You are feeling ill, so you visit a physician. The physician takes your temperature, blood pressure, and pulse and orders blood tests and urine analysis to determine more about your condition. The results of all these observations and tests will help the physician asses why your body is temporarily out of "normal" conditions or _________

homeostasis

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15

The common term for the action of transferring pollen grains from an anther onto a stigma is _______

pollination

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16

Which of the following is NOT an example of an angiosperm

Pine trees

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17

The receptive surface for pollen is the _____

the stigma

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18

All of the following floral parts are directly involved in pollination or fertilization except the _________

sepal

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19

A structure such as a flower in plants, or a liver in animals, consisting of tissues organized to carry out a specific function is a(n)

organ

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20

Which of the following is NOT one of the kingdoms included within the Eukarya domain?

Archea

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21
<p>This organism represented by the figure shown is</p>

This organism represented by the figure shown is

A bacteria

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22

Organisms that make their own nutrients by capturing energy from nonliving resources (solar energy) are called

producers

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23

Thinking about life's organizational hierarchy in a biological system, which of the following is the correct sequence from the smallest unit to the largest unit?

Atom - Molecule - Organelle - Cell - Tissue

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24

A major difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes is that although prokaryotes ______

have cell walls, eukaryotes do not.

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25

A researcher collected a single - celled organism from birdbath water and grew the organism in a laboratory. The researcher the organism reproducing by cell division, which resulted in identical offspring generations. The organism exhibits

Asexual reproduction

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26

Homeostasis means that

conditions inside a cell or organism remain within a constant range

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27

Scientists have developed an ointment to decrease muscle inflammation after intense workouts or trainings. To test the product, 99 weight lifters are divided into 3 equal groups. Group 1 is given the actual ointment. Group 2 is given an inactive ointment that looks and smells like the active ointment, and Group 3 is not allowed to use any treatment. Group 2 has been given ________

a placebo

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28

What is the advantage of the sphinx moth Xanthopan morgani by having an 8 - inch - long tongue?

It can reach nectar that no other pollinator can reach

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29
<p>The molecule of starch is different from a glucose molecule in this molecule</p>

The molecule of starch is different from a glucose molecule in this molecule

is complex carbohydrate polymer

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30

The atomic number of an element is the number of ________

Protons in the nucleus

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31

The first energy shell of an atom has one orbital. Therefore, it can contain a maximum of ________ electron(s)

Eight

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32

In a covalent bond, atoms ________

Share protonsTh

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33

The primary building block (monomer) of proteins is

an amino acid

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34

The primary building block (monomer) of nucleic acid is

a nucleotide

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35

The primary structural molecule composing a cell membrane is a(n)

phospholipid molecule

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36

Some members of the Archaea domain are often referred to as extremophiles because many live in conditions of extreme _______

temperature, salinity, heat, and acidity

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37

The molecule that contains the information for making a cell's proteins and must replicate itself during cell division __________

DNA

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38

A part of a chromosome that attaches sister chromatids to each other is the _________

centromere

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39

The process by which a sperm cell combines with an egg cell is ________

fertilization

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40

The portion of the cytoskeleton that attaches, pulls, and guides the chromosomes during cell division is the ________

spindle fiber

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41

While in biology lab, you observe, in both plant and animal cells, that some single cells are splitting but are still connected by a contractile ring has started to divide them. You conclude these cells are undergoing _________

Anaphase

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42
<p>In what phase of mitosis, is DNA replication accomplished</p>

In what phase of mitosis, is DNA replication accomplished

Cytokenisis

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43
<p>Referring to the diagram, the correct sequence for the phases of mitosis is...</p>

Referring to the diagram, the correct sequence for the phases of mitosis is...

Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase

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44
<p>The phase of mitosis in which the nuclear membrane breaks into small pieces _____</p>

The phase of mitosis in which the nuclear membrane breaks into small pieces _____

Prophase

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45
<p>The phase of mitosis in which the nuclear envelope re-forms is _______</p>

The phase of mitosis in which the nuclear envelope re-forms is _______

Telophase

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46
<p>The phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes are aligned along the equator of the cell is _____</p>

The phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes are aligned along the equator of the cell is _____

Metaphase

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47

A prokaryotic cell _______

does not have a nucleus

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48

The most prominent organelle visible in most eukaryotic cells is the ______

nucleus

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49

In a chemical reaction, which components of a chemical reaction are found on the left side of the arrows?

Reagents

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50

A sugar, a phosphate, and a base is called a(n)

nucleotide

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51

The four nitrogen bases found in RNA are _____

adenine, cytosine, guanine, and uracil

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52
<p>The photo shown here shows two chromosomes from one cell. Which statement is true?</p>

The photo shown here shows two chromosomes from one cell. Which statement is true?

1 is identical to 2

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53

Pollen Grain

Produces the pollen tube

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54

Ovule

Develops into a seed

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55

Anther

Produces pollen

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56

Carpel (Pistil)

Female reproductive structure

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57

Ovary

Houses ovule

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58

Stamen

Produces sperm and is the male reproductive system

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59

Style

Elevates stigma

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60

Sepal

Protects the flower before it opens

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61

Petal

Attracts the pollinator

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62

Mutualism

Organisms that live together and both benefit

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63

Phototropism

A plants response to light

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64

Geotropism

A plants response to gravity

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65

Commensalism

Organisms live together; one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefited

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66

Parasitism

When 2 organisms live together; one benefits and the other is harmed

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67

Fertilization

When egg and sperm meet

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68

Pollination

The transfer of sperm from anther to sigma

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69

Sissle

Organisms that do not move

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70

Mycosis

A disease caused by fungus

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71

Germination

When a seed begins to grow

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72

Atoms with the same atomic number but different atomic mass are called _____

Isotopes

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73

The principal components of cell membranes are _________

carbohydrates

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74

A complex polymer built of amino acids is called a(n) __________

polypeptide

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75

During cellular respiration

Oxygen is used to transport chemical energy throughout the body

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76

Which of the following is not a fate for glucose

Stored as proteins

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77

_________ (a sugar) gives trees the rigidity to grow tall (and makes wood a desirable building material

Cellulose

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78

The ________ is the smallest unit of life that can function independently and perform all the necessary functions of life, including reproducing itself

CellW

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79

Which of the following is NOT a eukaryotic cell?

Bacteria

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80

_______ is the movement of large molecules from inside the cell to the outside of the cell

Endocytosis

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81

Every time a cell divides the _______ gets a bit shorter

Telomeres

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82

______ occurs in all types of cells, somatic and reproductive prior to cell division

DNA Replication

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83

Which of the following is the correct order of the Linnaean Classification system?

Species, Genus, Family, Order

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84

The one thing that makes a mammal a mammal is ____

hair

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85

Which of the following does not produce a seed?

Gymnosperms

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86

How do non - vascular plants distribute nutrients throughout the plant?

Roots

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87

Which of the following have "naked" seeds?

Gymnosperm

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88

Which is larger, the male cone or the female cone?

Female

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89

Which is larger, the male cone or the female cone?

Female

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90

Which of the following are types of lipids?

Fats, Phospholipids, and Fatty Acids

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91

The point at which a leaf is attached to a stem is called the ________

auxiliary bud

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92

_______ are the water conducting tubes in plants

Xylem

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93

Atoms are held together by a force called a chemical bond. The 3 types of chemical bonds are:

Ionic, Covalent, and Hydrogen

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94

Nucleic acids are ________

the energy source for the body

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95

If you put a drop of food coloring into a glass of water, the drop of color will _______

instantly disperse throughout the water; this is because of diffusion

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96

In order for an enzyme to work properly, _________

it must have a particular shape

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97

The energy that is used by almost all living things on the planet comes from the sun. It is captured by plants, algae, and some bacteria through the process of ______________

Photosynthesis

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98

Prokaryotes reproduce by _______

Copying DNA, then undergoing binary fission

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99

Homologous chromosomes _______

also are referred to as sister chromatids

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100

Which of the following pairings is correct?

Interphase/DNA Replication

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