MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY FULL

studied byStudied by 1 person
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Abscess

1 / 263

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

264 Terms

1

Abscess

localized collection of pus

New cards
2

Acute

New, usually of rapid onset and of concern, opposite of chronic

New cards
3

Adherence

obedience to a rule

New cards
4

Adjunct

another treatment used together with primary treatment

New cards
5

Afebrile

without fever

New cards
6

Agranulocytosis

a deficiency of granulocytes in the blood, causing increased vulnerability to infection.

New cards
7

Alopecia

hair loss

New cards
8

Ambulatory

capable of walking

New cards
9

Amenorrhea

absence of menstruation

New cards
10

Amnesia

loss of memory

New cards
11

Analgesic

medication that reduces or eliminates pain

New cards
12

Anaphylaxis

Severe allergic reaction

New cards
13

Andropause

referred to as male menopause; is marked by the decrease of the male hormone testosterone

New cards
14

Anemia

A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, in hemoglobin, or in total volume.

New cards
15

Anhedonia

inability to experience pleasure

New cards
16

Aneurysm

an excessive localized enlargement of an artery caused by a weakening of the artery wall.

New cards
17

Angioedema

swelling of the blood vessels

New cards
18

Anorexia

loss of appetite

New cards
19

Anterior

front of the body

New cards
20

Antiemetic

drug that prevents or stops vomiting

New cards
21

Antibiotic

a medicine used to save lives because it destroys harmful bacteria and cures infections

New cards
22

Anti-inflammatory

a drug that reduces inflammation

New cards
23

Antipruritic

a drug that relieves itching

New cards
24

Antipyretic

a drug that relieves fever

New cards
25

Antiseptic

A substance that destroys micro-organisms that carry disease without harming body tissues

New cards
26

antitussive

a drug that prevents coughing

New cards
27

aphagia

inability to swallow

New cards
28

Arrythmia

Abnormal heart rhythm

New cards
29

arthralgia

joint pain

New cards
30

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

New cards
31

aspiration

Breathing fluid, food, vomitus, or an object into the lungs

New cards
32

Asthenia

weakness

New cards
33

ataxia

lack of muscle coordination

New cards
34

atrophy

(n.) the wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure; (v.) to waste away

New cards
35

Auscultation

Listening with a stethoscope

New cards
36

Axillary

pertaining to the armpit

New cards
37

bilateral

having two sides

New cards
38

biopsy

the removal of living tissue from the body for diagnostic examination

New cards
39

benign

mild, not cancerous

New cards
40

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

New cards
41

Bradycardia

abnormally slow heartbeat

New cards
42

bradypnea

abnormally slow breathing

New cards
43

Buccal

pertaining to the cheek

New cards
44

cachexia

a condition of physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diseases such as advanced cancer or AIDS

New cards
45

Candidiasis

(moniliasis) white, cheesy, curdlike patch on buccal mucosa due to superficial fungal infection

New cards
46

Cardiovascular

pertaining to the heart and blood vessels

New cards
47

catheter

tube for injecting or removing fluids

New cards
48

chronic

Long-standing, constant. Opposite of acute

New cards
49

Comorbidity

The coexistence of two or more disorders.

New cards
50

compliance

Conforming to a request or demand

New cards
51

constriction

compression of a part that causes narrowing (stenosis)

New cards
52

contraceptive

agent that prevents conception

New cards
53

contraindication

a factor in the patient's condition that makes the use of a medication or specific treatment dangerous or ill advised

New cards
54

contusion

bruise, injury

New cards
55

Corticosteroids

anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive drugs

New cards
56

Crackles

(rales) abnormal, discontinuous, adventitious lung sounds heard on inspiration

New cards
57

Cranial

skull

New cards
58

Cyanotic

Bluish skin color due to lack of Oxygen

New cards
59

cyanosis

A bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.

New cards
60

delirium

mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement

New cards
61

Dementia

a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking, and judgment, that is often accompanied by personality changes

New cards
62

diagnosis

identification of a disease

New cards
63

Diaphoretic

Characterized by profuse sweating.

New cards
64

differential diagnosis

a list of potential diagnoses compiled early in the assessment of the patient

New cards
65

distention

the state or act of extending or being swollen out of shape

New cards
66

Diastolic

occurs when the ventricles are relaxed; the lowest pressure against the walls of an artery

New cards
67

diplopia

the perception of two images of a single object (double vision)

New cards
68

diuretic

agent that increases urine output

New cards
69

diuresis

increased output of urine

New cards
70

dorsalis

any of several arteries situated in and supplying the back of the parts with which they are associated

New cards
71

dose

The amount of substance given at one time.

New cards
72

dyskinesia

the distortion or impairment of voluntary movement such as in a tic or spasm

New cards
73

dysphagia

difficulty swallowing or eating

New cards
74

dystrophy

abnormal development due to faulty nutrition

New cards
75

Dyspnea

difficulty breathing

New cards
76

dysuria

painful urination

New cards
77

edema

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tissues.

New cards
78

effusion

outpouring

New cards
79

Egophony

abnormal change in tone of voice that is heard when auscultating the lungs; the voice sound of "eeeee" during auscultation

New cards
80

ejection fraction

SV/EDV

measurement of the volume percentage of left ventricle contents ejected after each contraction

- how much blood leaves the patient's heart after it contracts

New cards
81

Electrolyte

A substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that conducts electric current

New cards
82

emesis

vomiting

New cards
83

emollient

softener

New cards
84

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain

New cards
85

endocarditis

inflammation of the inner lining of the heart

New cards
86

enema

the placement of a solution into the rectum and colon to empty the lower intestine through bowel activity

New cards
87

enteritis

inflammation of the small intestine

New cards
88

epidural

a type of anesthesia to provide pain relief during labour

New cards
89

epistaxis

nosebleed

New cards
90

erythema

redness of the skin

New cards
91

Etiology

cause of disease

New cards
92

exacerbation

increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms

New cards
93

exfoliate

to flake or peel off

New cards
94

expectorant

a drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing

New cards
95

extraocular

pertaining to outside the eye

New cards
96

Extrapyrimidal symptoms

side effects such as restlessness, involuntary movements, and muscular tension produced by antipsychotic medications

New cards
97

Extravasation

escape of blood from the blood vessel into the tissue

New cards
98

exophthalmos

abnormal protrusion of the eyeball

New cards
99

Exudate

fluid, such as pus, that leaks out of an infected wound

New cards
100

febrile

fever

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 22 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 754 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(14)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1395 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard119 terms
studied byStudied by 42 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard136 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard32 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard101 terms
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard25 terms
studied byStudied by 131 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard24 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard21 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard242 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)