Module 2

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-algesia

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Tags and Description

Latin

110 Terms

1

-algesia

pain

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2

-algia

pain, pain in X-

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3

arthr-, articul-

joint

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4

cartilag-, cartilagin-, chondr-

cartilage

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5

desm-, ligament-

ligament

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6

disk-

disk

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7

fibr-, fibros-

fibrous tissue

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8

hol-

all; entire; whole

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9

-ification

nominal suffix: process of making

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10

-ify

verbal suffix: make

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11

-itis

inflammation

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12

muscul-, my-, myos-

muscle

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13

myel-

bone marrow; spinal cord

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14

oss-, osse-, oste-

bone

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15

-paenia

an insufficient amount (of a substance)

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16

por-, -pore

pore; passage

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17

rachi-, spin-

spinal column; spine

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18

rrhachi-

spinal column; spine [after a vowel, initial letter doubles, ie. xx]

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19

skelet-

skeletal

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20

soma-, somat-

body

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21

spondyl-, vertebr-

vertebra

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22

ten-, tend-

tendon

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23

gryp-

curved, hooked

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24

adip-, lip-, steat-

fat

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25

angi-, vas-, vascul-

vessel, especially blood vessel; duct

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26

capillar-

capillary (smallest blood vessel)

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27

cutane-, derm-, dermat-

skin

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28

cyt-, -cyte

cell

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29

hidr-

sweat; sweat gland

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30

hygr-

moisture

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31

myc-, mycet-

fungus

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32

nerv-, neur-

nervous system

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33

ole-

oil

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34

-oma

tumour; a swelling; abnormal mass (singular form)

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35

-omata

tumour; a swelling; abnormal mass (plural form)

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36

phleb-, ven-

vein [vessel that carries blood to the heart]

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37

sarc-

flesh

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38

seb-

sebum; oily secretion [of the sebaceous gland]

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39

ser-

serum

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40

sphygm-

pulse

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41

-stasis

stagnation (of a flow/movement); cessation (of a flow/movement)

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42

-stat

device used to control; agent used to control

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43

-static

pertaining to the control of (a substance); pertaining to the stagnation (or cessation) (of a flow/movement)

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44

thromb-

clot

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45

thrombocyt-

thrombocyte; platelet

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46

varic-

varix; a torturous dilation of a vein

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47

ventricul-

ventricle; small cavity

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48

venul-

venule; small vein

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49

a-

absence; lack (noun); without; lacking (adjective); (before everything but vowels, H, and R; otherwise an- or ar- = +B-, +C-, +D-, +F-, +G-, +J-, +K-, +L-, +M-, +N-, +P-, +Q-, +S-, +T-, +V-, +Z-)

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50

-ac

adjectival suffix

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51

acromi-

acromion; the lateral projection of the shoulder blade

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52

-ad

moving in a direction toward [when two roots are used, the first root denotes the origin and the second the end-point, e.g., cephalocaud____ means “moving in a direction from the head toward the tail.”]

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53

-agra

sudden and severe pain

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54

an-

absence; lack (noun); without; lacking (adjective); (before vowels & H = +A-, +E-, +H-, +I-, +O-, +U-; otherwise a- or ar-)

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55

aneurysm-

aneurysm; dilation of the wall of the heart, artery, or vein

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56

anomal-

irregular

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57

aort-

aorta; main vessel of the arterial system

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58

ar-

absence; lack (noun); without; lacking (adjective) (before R = +R-; otherwise a- or an-)

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59

arteri-

artery [vessel that carries blood away from the heart]

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60

arteriol-

arteriole; small artery [adjoining capillaries]

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61

atri-

atrium [pl. atria]; chamber; cavity [in the body]

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62

brady-

slow [no combining vowel follows]

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63

cardi-

heart

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64

clavic-, clavicul-, cleid-

clavicle; collar bone

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65

-cleisis

blockage; (surgical) closure, means the same thing, but can also mean "(surgical) closure"

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66

cost-

rib

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67

-gram

a record

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68

-graph

instrument used to record

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69

-graphy

a recording [ie. a process of making a record]

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70

mes-

middle

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71

-odynia

pain

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72

pector-, steth-, thorac-

chest; thorax

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73

-plasty

surgical repair

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74

rhythm-

rhythm

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75

-stenosis

constriction (of a passage or duct); an abnormal narrowing (of a structure)

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76

stern-

sternum; breast bone

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77

valv-, valvul-

valve

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78

tach-, tachy-

rapid [no combining vowel follows tachy-]

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79

cingulus-

belt [Latin meaning]

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80

dem-

people; popualtion

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81

dys-

indicates a negative state; many possible translations, depending on the context: abnormal; faulty; difficult; painful; malfunctioning; poor; poorly

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82

enter-

intestines

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83

epi-

on; upon; toward

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84

febr-

fever [followed by the combining vowel -i-]

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85

helminth-, verm-, vermin-

worm

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86

hepat-

liver

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87

hepatic-

hepatic duct

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88

herp-, herpet-

reptile; snake; spreading blister

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89

larva

ghost [Latin meaning]; larva

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90

-lepsy

seizure

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91

lith-

rock; stone; calculus [pl. calculi] (in an organ or other tissue)

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92

-lith, petr-

rock; stone

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93

lymph-

lymph

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94

lymphatic-

lymphatic system; lymphatic duct

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95

megal-

large

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96

-megaly

enlargement (of an organ or structure)

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97

oneir-

dream; dreaming

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98

pan-

all; entire; whole [no combining vowel follows]

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99

para-

beside; beyond

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100

-paresis

slight paralysis

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